Portal:Aviation/Anniversaries/July 5

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July 5

  • 2009 – SU-TYB, an Antonov An-28 operated by El Dinder Aviation, is damaged beyond repair when the nosewheel collapses on landing at Saraf Omra Airfield, Sudan.
  • 2009 – ZK-LGR, Britten-Norman Trislander operated by Great Barrier Airlines suffers an in-flight propeller disintegration, and débris penetrates the passenger cabin. An emergency landing is made at Great Barrier Aerodrome, New Zealand. No injuries are reported among the 11 people on board. The aircraft is substantially damaged.
  • 2007 – Two people have been killed and seven others injured following a plane crash in Indreabhán in Connemara, Galway.
  • 2007 – Unofficial reports indicate that at least nine people died as a result of a plane crash next to the airport of Culiacán in Mexico.
  • 2006North Korean missile test, 2006: North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile, and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.
  • 1982 – An Italian Army Agusta-Bell 205 crashed in the Val Ridanna, pilot killed.
  • 1979 – French aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer Emile Dewoitine died at the age of 87.
  • 1972 – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 708 was a Boeing 720-060 B, due to operate an international scheduled Addis Ababa – Asmara – Athens – Rome – Paris passenger service, which experienced a hijacking attempt.
  • 1970Air Canada Flight 621, a Douglas DC-8, explodes following a failed landing at Toronto Pearson International Airport, with 109 fatalities.
  • 1969 – First flight of the Shenyang J-8, high-speed, high-altitude Chinese-built single-seat interceptor fighter aircraft.
  • 1955 – Sole prototype Supermarine Type 529, VX136, crashes while flying out of Boscombe Down, this date. Aircraft entered a spin at 10,000 ft which deteriorated into a flat spin from which the pilot, Lt. Cdr. Rickell, could not recover. Late ejection due to problems with jettisoning the canopy and operating the ejector seat - the seat did not have time to separate, nor did the parachute have time to fully deploy - Pilot killed on impact with the ground. The aircraft was completely destroyed.
  • 1945 – First prototype Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250, completed 26 February 1945, suffers failure of port tailplane at low altitude, killing test pilot Alexandr Deyev, when his parachute fails to open in time. Post-crash analysis revealed that he had exceeded the airframe's G limit while maneuvering.
  • 1945 – American Airlines acquires American Export Airlines and forms American Overseas Airlines.
  • 1945 – (5-11) Aircraft from the British aircraft carriers HMS Ameer and HMS Emperor strike Japanese airfields and shipping at Car Nicobar.
  • 1944 – The first U. S. rocket-powered military aircraft, the MX-324, flies at Harper Dry Lake, California. The pilot, Harry Crosby, makes the voyage.
  • 1943 – Death of Leonardo Ferrulli, Italian WWII fighter pilot bailing out too low from his damaged Macchi M. C. 205.
  • 1943 – Death of Franco Lucchini, Spanish War and WWII fighter Ace, shot down by heavy defensive fire of a B-17 formation over Catania.
  • 1942 – An American reconnaissance plane discovers that the Japanese are building an airfield on Guadalcanal.
  • 1940 – The first American paratrooper unit is formed at Fort Benning, Georgia.
  • 1940 – Shore-based Swordfish of the Fleet Air Arm’s No. 813 Squadron make a torpedo strike against Italian ships at Tobruk, sinking a transport and a destroyer, blowing the bow off another destroyer, and damaging an ocean liner.
  • 1939 – First scheduled airmail flight by autogiro from Philadelphia's 30th Street Post Office roof to Camden, New Jersey's Central Airport is made by John M. Miller with a Kellett KD-1 B.
  • 1938 – 400 aircraft support a Spanish Nationalist offensive in Valencia.
  • 1929Curtiss-Wright Corporation is formed, result of a merger of 12 companies associated with Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company of Buffalo, New York, and Wright Aeronautical of Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1928 – Arturo Ferrarin and Carlo Del Prete, Land their Savoia-Marchetti S.64 near Natal, Brazil, coming from Montecelio, Italy after a 49 h 19 m and 7 188 km flight.
  • 1927Lady Bailey establishes a new light airplane altitude record of 17,283 feet, in a de Havilland D. H. 60 Moth, at the company’s airfield in Edgeware, Middlesex.
  • 1920 – Dundalk Flying Field, opened in Baltimore, Maryland in 1920, is almost immediately renamed Logan Field when, on this date, Army Lt. Patrick H. Logan is fatally injured after his Nieuport 28, F6506, nicknamed the "Red Devil", of the 104th Observation Squadron, crashes at the airport's inaugural air show following a stall/spin. In response to the tragedy, the airfield is renamed in his honor, with the announcement of the new name being made at the closing ceremonies of the airshow during which he died.
  • 1920 – Camp Borden Ontario was taken over by the CAF from Department of Militia and Defence, to serve as a training centre.
  • 1919 – The first parachute jump by a Canadian from an airplane flying in Canada occurred at Crystal Beach, Ontario on this date.
  • 1919 – A Handley Page V/1500, on an attempt a non-stop Transatlantic flight from Newfoundland to New-York is forced to land in Parrsboro, Nova Scotia for repairs.
  • 1917 – First flight of The Fokker Dr.I Dreidecker, famous WWI German triplane fighter aircraft.
  • 1913 – A seaplane carrier participates in the Royal Navy’s annual maneuvers for the first time, as HMS Hermes embarks two seaplanes, the Short Folder S.64 biplane and a Caudron G.3 amphibian. The Short aircraft is the first with folding wings to be used aboard a ship. The maneuvers, which conclude on October 6, demonstrate both the feasibility of extended operations by aircraft at sea and the value of folding wings.
  • 1912Royal Flying Corps (RFC) Captain Eustace Loraine and his observer Staff Sergeant R H V Wilson were flying a Nieuport Monoplane out of Larkhill, Wiltshire, England on a routine morning practice sortie. They were executing a tight turn when the aircraft fell towards the ground and crashed. Wilson was killed outright and although Loraine was speedily transported to Bulford Hospital in a horse-drawn ambulance, he succumbed to his wounds only a few minutes after arriving at the Hospital. Loraine and Wilson were the first Flying Corps personnel to die in an aircraft crash while on duty. Later in the day an order was issued which stated "Flying will continue this evening as usual", thus beginning a British aviation tradition.
  • 1912 – Captain Charles Chandler and Lieutenants Thomas Milling and Henry Arnold are presented with certificates qualifying them as the U. S.’s first “Military Aviators. ”
  • 1910Bert Pither is reputed to have flown the first metal-framed aircraft at Riverton, New Zealand.
  • 1874 – Belgian Vincent de Groof is killed in an accident as he tries to do a flight using flapping wings.
  • 1802 – French André-Jacques Garnerin made a balloon ascent with Edward Hawke Locker from Lord's Cricket Ground, traveling the 17 miles from there to Chingford in just over 15 min and carrying a letter of introduction signed by the Prince Regent.

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