1958 in aviation
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|Years in aviation:||1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s|
|Years:||1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961|
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1958:
- 1 Events
- 2 First flights
- 3 Entered service
- 4 Retirements
- 5 References
- For the first time, the total of transatlantic passengers carried by air this year exceeds the total carried by sea.
- Gulfstream Aerospace is founded in Savannah, Georgia, in the United States.
- The Argentine Navy acquires its first aircraft carrier by purchasing HMS Warrior from the United Kingdom.
- The Brazilian Navy acquires aircraft of its own for the first time since the 1941 creation of the Brazilian Air Force, purchasing two Bell 47-J and three Westland Widgeon helicopters.
- January 1
- During a revolt against Venezuelan President Marcos Pérez Jiménez, rebel Venezuelan Air Force de Havilland Venom, de Havilland Vampire, and F-86 Sabre aircraft attack Miraflores Palace, the defense ministry, and other military targets in the Caracas area.
- As a cost-saving measure, the United States Air Force inactivates the Eighteenth Air Force and reassigns its forces to the Twelfth Air Force.
- January 14 – Qantas becomes the first foreign airline permitted to fly across the United States.
- January 26 – British European Airways (BEA) takes over all operation of Cyprus Airways routes, although Cyprus Airways continues to operate under its own name.
- February 1 – United Airlines sets a record commercial Honolulu, Hawaii-to-Los Angeles, California, flight time of 6 hours 21 minutes.
- February 5 – Two United States Air Force aircraft – a B-47B Stratojet and an F-86 Sabre – collide in mid-air over the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Georgia in the United States. The F-86 crashes after its pilot ejects, but the B-47B remains airborne, jettisons a Mark 15 hydrogen bomb into Wassaw Sound off Tybee Island, Georgia, and makes an emergency landing at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Georgia. The bomb has not been recovered.
- February 6 – The British European Airways Airspeed Ambassador G-ALZU Lord Burghley, operating as Flight 609, crashes on its third attempt to take off from a slush-covered runway at Munich-Riem Airport in West Germany, killing 23, including eight Manchester United footballers.
- February 11 – Mohawk Airlines hires Ruth Carol Taylor as the first African American flight attendant in history. Six months later, Mohawk will fire her for getting married, a common airline industry practice at the time.
- February 13 – A British Ministry of Defence White Paper makes Britain's nuclear weapons programme public knowledge.
- February 25 – United Airlines sets a record commercial Honolulu, Hawaii-to-San Francisco, California, flight time of 5 hours 43 minutes.
- February 27 – The Silver City Airways Bristol 170 Freighter G-AICS, travelling from Ronaldsway Airport, Ballasalla, on the Isle of Man to Ringway Airport in Manchester, England, crashes into Winter Hill, Rivington Moor, Lancashire, in North West England in bad weather, killing 35 of the 42 people on board and injuring all seven survivors.
- South Vietnam's Vietnam Air Force takes delivery of its first helicopters.
- Misrair, the future EgyptAir, renames itself United Arab Airlines. Egypt's and Syria's merger on 1 February to form the United Arab Republic prompts the name change.
- March 16 – Air Inter commences operations.
- March 22 – Lucky Liz, the private twin-engine Lockheed Lodestar of American theater and film producer Mike Todd, flying grossly overloaded in fog, snow, and thunderstorms, crashes in the Zuni Mountains near Grants, New Mexico, when one of its engines fails in icing conditions. All four people aboard the plane die, including Todd and his biographer, the American sportswriter, screenwriter, and author Art Cohn. Todd's wife, American actress Elizabeth Taylor, is not aboard because she had stayed home with a bout of bronchitis.
- The Handley Page Victor strategic bomber begins to enter squadron service with the Royal Air Force.
- April 6 – Vickers Viscount N7437, operating as Capital Airlines Flight 67, stalls and crashes into Saginaw Bay near Freeland, Michigan, while on approach to Freeland-Tri City Airport in Saginaw, Michigan. All 47 people aboard die. The cause is attributed to ice accretion on the horizontal stabilizer.
- April 21 – United Airlines Flight 736, a Douglas DC-7 bound for Denver, Colorado, collides at 21,000 feet (6,400 m) with a U.S. Air Force F-100 Super Sabre fighter on a training mission near Las Vegas, Nevada. All 47 persons aboard the airliner and both F-100 crew members are killed.
- April 28
- A B-26 Invader bomber flown by U.S. Central Intelligence Agency employee William Beale in support of Indonesian Permesta rebels bombs the harbor at Balikpapan, Borneo, Indonesia, sinking the British oil tanker SS San Flaviano and hitting the British oil tanker MV Daronia with a 500-pound (227-kg) bomb that bounces overboard without exploding. In June, the Indonesian and British governments both will claim that Indonesian rebels flew the bomber, concealing the CIA's involvement.
- Aerlínte Éireann, a division of Aer Lingus, makes the first transatlantic flight by an Irish airline, using a Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation for a flight from Shannon to New York City.
- May 7 – U.S. Air Force Major Howard C. Johnson of the 83rd Fighter Interceptor Squadron sets a new world record for altitude, flying a Lockheed F-104 Starfighter to 27,813 meters (91,249 feet).
- May 16 – U.S. Air Force Captain Walter W. Irwin sets a new world airspeed record of 1,404 mph (2,259 km/h) in an F-104 Starfighter, the first record over 2,000 km/h (1,242 mph).
- May 17 – Four F3H Demons and four F8U Crusaders make a non-stop crossing of the Atlantic Ocean.
- May 18
- Indonesian forces shoot down a B-26 Invader bomber flown by U.S. Central Intelligence Agency employee Allen Pope in support of Indonesian Permesta rebels and capture Pope. In June, the Indonesian and British governments both will claim that Indonesian rebels flew the bomber, concealing the CIA′s involvement.
- In a Zero Length Launch (ZEL) experiment, a U.S. Air Force North American F-100D Super Sabre becomes airborne with no runway or take-off roll at all, using its own engine in afterburner and boosted by a 130,000-pound- (58,967-kg)-thrust Astrodyne rocket.
- May 20 – Vickers Viscount N7410 of Capital Airlines collides in mid-air with a Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star of the Air National Guard. All eleven on board the Viscount are killed when it crashes at Brunswick, Maryland, as is one of the two crew members of the T-33.
- May 22–23 – Flying a Douglas F4D-1 Skyray, United States Marine Corps Major N. LeFaivre breaks five world climb-to-height records, including 15,000 meters (49,221 feet) in 2 minutes 36 seconds.
- May 25 – A Dan-Air Avro 685 York C.1 cargo aircraft suffers an in-flight engine fire and crashes during a forced landing near Gurgaon, Haryana, India, killing four members of the five-person crew.
- May 26 – The Short SC.1 experimental VTOL aircraft makes its first (tethered) vertical flight, in the United Kingdom.
- June 2 – American oceanographer Townsend Cromwell and fisheries research biologist Bell M. Shimada die in a plane crash near Guadalajara, Mexico.
- June 9 – London Gatwick Airport opens after two years of extensive reconstruction. It is the first multimodal airport in the world, with direct rail connections from the main terminal to London and Brighton.
- June 26 – A Grumman TF-1 Trader of U.S. Navy Air Transport Squadron 21 (VR-21) carries a Westinghouse J34 jet engine from San Diego, California, on a 300-mile (483-km) flight to the anti-submarine warfare carrier USS Yorktown (CVS-10), then at sea in the Pacific Ocean. It is the first delivery of an aircraft engine via carrier onboard delivery.
- June 28 – The 22-year operational career of the Avro Anson comes to an end with a six-plane formation fly-past over their base by the Southern Communications Squadron at Bovington, Hampshire, in the United Kingdom.
- Royal Air Maroc initiates a number of long-haul routes using four Lockheed L-749 Constellations leased from Air France. The arrival of the Constellations allows the airline to withdraw its Douglas DC-4s from long-haul service.
- July 3 – The "Telecopter," a Bell Model 47 rented by television station KTLA in Los Angeles, California, and outfitted with a television camera, makes the world's first flight by a television news helicopter. Its inventor, John D. Silva, is aboard. When the television station reports that it is receiving no video, Silva exits the helicopter's cockpit to climb onto its landing skid while it hovers at 1,500 feet (457 m) so that he can investigate the microwave transmitter bolted to its side, where he discovers that a vacuum tube has failed due to vibration and hot weather. After Silva fixes the problem overnight, the Telecopter makes its first successful news flight the following day.
- July 15–16 – Aircraft from the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Essex (CVA-9) cover United States Army and U.S. Marine Corps landings in Lebanon in Operation Blue Bat, the American intervention in the 1958 Lebanon crisis. Air support begins with a flight by 50 Essex jets over Beirut on July 15.
- July 29 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the National Aeronautics and Space Act, disestablishing the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) and creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), both effective October 1, 1958.
- Pacific Southwest Airlines inaugurates service to Los Angeles International Airport.
- August 9 – A Central African Airways Vickers Viscount crashes near Benina International Airport outside Benghazi, Libya, killing 36 of the 54 people on board. It is the deadliest aviation accident in Libyan history at the time.
- August 14 – The KLM Lockheed Super Constellation Hugo de Groot (PH-LKM) crashes in the Atlantic Ocean 180 km (112 mi) west of Shannon Airport, Ireland, perhaps due to mechanical failure, killing all 99 on board. Six members of Egypt's national fencing team are among the dead.
- August 23
- The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis begins with People's Republic of China artillery shelling the Nationalist Chinese-held islands of Quemoy and Matsu. During the crisis, the U.S. Navy attack aircraft carriers USS Midway (CVA-41) and USS Lexington (CVA-16) patrol nearby, and F8U Crusader fighters from them make 1,000-knot (1,150-mph; 1,852-km/hr) sweeps along the coast of China.
- President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, dissolving the Civil Aeronautics Administration and Civil Aeronautics Board and transferring all authority over aviation operations in the United States to the newly created Federal Aviation Agency (FAA, later renamed Federal Aviation Administration).
- September 2 – An Independent Air Travel Vickers VC.1 Viking cargo aircraft carrying a cargo of two Bristol Proteus turboprop engines suffers engine trouble soon after takeoff from London Heathrow Airport. While attempting to reach Blackbushe Airport for an emergency landing, the Viking crashes into a row of houses in Southall, London, England, killing its entire crew of three and a mother and three children on the ground.
- September 6 – The U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff recommend that U.S. Navy forces be given permission for more aggressive action the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, including carrier air strikes against the territory of the People's Republic of China, but President Dwight D. Eisenhower rejects the idea.
- September 18 – East Germany establishes the airline Interflug as a hedge against its national airline, Deutsche Lufthansa (DLH), losing a trademark lawsuit to the West German airline Lufthansa, which in August 1954 had purchased the right to use the name of the defunct pre-1945 German airline Deutsche Luft Hansa. Pending legal developments, Interflug operates as a charter airline until taking over DLH's assets upon the liquidation of DLH in September 1963.
- September 20 – During a high-speed flyby in an air show at RAF Syerston, Nottinghamshire, England, prototype Avro Vulcan bomber (serial number VX770) suffers total collapse of the starboard wing and crashes, killing its entire crew and three people on the ground.
- September 24 – During the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, a dogfight breaks out between 32 Republic of China Air Force F-86F Sabres and over 100 People's Republic of China MiG aircraft. During the engagement, guided air-to-air missiles are employed in combat for the first time when the Sabres use AAM-N-7 Sidewinder IA – later known as AIM-9B Sidewinder IA – missiles to down several MiG-15 (NATO reporting name "Fagot") fighters and at least ten MiG-17s (NATO reporting name "Fresco").
- September 30 – Britain's last flying boat is withdrawn from commercial service when Aquila Airways terminates its service on the Southampton--Funchal (Madeira) route.
- October 1 – In the United States, in accordance with the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) is dissolved and its successor, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), begins operations.
- October 4 – BOAC de Havilland Comet 4 G-APDB makes the first commercial transatlantic crossing by a jet airliner, from London Heathrow Airport to New York International Airport, Anderson Field via Gander.
- October 8 – In Manhigh III, the third and final flight of the United States Air Force's Project Manhigh, Air Force Lieutenant Clifton M. McClure ascends to an altitude of 29,900 meters (98,097 feet) in a helium balloon, the second-highest altitude achieved in Manhigh.
- October 10 – A C-123B Provider serving as a maintenance support aircraft for the United States Air Force Thunderbirds air demonstration team flies into a flock of birds and crashes near Payette, Idaho, killing the entire flight crew of five and all 14 maintenance personnel on board. It remains the worst accident in Thunderbirds history.
- October 15 – The first North American X-15 is rolled out at North American Aviation's facility at Los Angeles, California.
- October 19 – A People's Republic of China-owned Tupolev Tu-104 crashes at Kanash in the Soviet Union during a regular flight between Beijing and Moscow, killing all 65 passengers and crew members. Among those killed are 16 Chinese government officials, one Briton, four East Germans and the son of the Cambodian ambassador to China.
- October 22 – The Vickers Viscount 701 G-ANHC, operating as British European Airways Flight 142, collides with an Italian Air Force F-86E Sabre over Anzio, Italy. Both aircraft crash; the F-86E pilot ejects and survives, but all 31 people aboard the Viscount die.
- October 25 – The Short SC.1 experimental VTOL aircraft makes its first free vertical flight.
- October 26
- Snowy Mountains Scheme worker Tom Sonter accidentally discovers the wreckage of the Australian National Airways Avro 618 Ten Southern Cloud, which had disappeared without trace in bad weather over the Snowy Mountains in New South Wales, Australia, with the loss of all eight people on board on March 21, 1931, in Australia's first airline disaster.
- The first commercial flight by a Boeing 707 jet airliner takes place, on Pan American World Airways transatlantic service from New York City to Paris.
- Trans-Pacific Airlines changes its name to Aloha Airlines.
- November 25 – The English Electric P.1B, the first fully developed prototype of the English Electric Lightning, exceeds Mach 2 for the first time.
- An operational Royal Navy fighter squadron fires air-to-air missiles for the first time, when three de Havilland Sea Venoms of No. 893 Squadron, Fleet Air Arm, embarked aboard the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious fire Firestreak missiles at target drones off Malta, scoring 80 percent hits.
- December 10 – National Airlines becomes the first airline to offer jet service on domestic flights within the United States, using a Boeing 707 leased from Pan American World Airways for flights between Miami, Florida, and New York City.
- December 18 – The Bell XV-3 Tiltrotor makes the first true mid-air transition from vertical helicopter-type flight to fully level fixed-wing flight.
- December 23 – Syrian Airways merges into United Arab Airlines (the future EgyptAir). United Arab Airlines takes over all of Syrian Airways' routes and aircraft.
- December 24 – During a test flight to renew its certificate of airworthiness, the BOAC Bristol Britannia 312 G-AOVD crashes near Sopley and Winkton, England, killing nine of the 12 people on board and injuring all three survivors.
- Aerfer Ariete
- March 5 – Yakovlev Yak-28
- March 25 – Avro CF-105 Arrow RL201 at Malton, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- April 17 – LIPNUR Belalang
- April 22 – Boeing Vertol 107-II
- April 30 – Blackburn Buccaneer XK 486
- May 12 – Dassault Mirage III
- May 12 – Morane-Saulnier M.S. 1500 Epervier
- May 27 – McDonnell XF4H-1, prototype of the F-4 Phantom II
- August 14 – Grumman Gulfstream I
- August 28 – Beechcraft Queen Air Model 65
- August 31 – North American A3J-1 Vigilante
- September 16 – North American NA265-40 Sabreliner
- September 24 – Beijing 1
- September 24 – HAL Pushpak
- December 4 – Baade B-152 V1 Prototype
- December 12 – Dornier Do 29
- December 17 – Wassmer WA-30 Bijave
- January 26 – Lockheed F-104 Starfighter with the United States Air Force's 83rd Fighter Interceptor Squadron at Hamilton Air Force Base, California.
- April 9 - Handley Page Victor with No. 10 Squadron RAF at RAF Cottesmore
- April 21 - Vertol Model 44 with New York Airways
- Canadair CL-28 Argus with No. 405 Squadron RCAF
- May 26 - Republic F-105B Thunderchief with the 335th Tactical Fighter Squadron USAF at Eglin AFB
- Wikipedia HMS Warrier (R31) article.
- Scheina, Robert L., Latin America: A Naval History 1810–1987, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987, ISBN 0-87021-295-8, p. 196.
- Scheina, Robert L., Latin America: A Naval History 1810–1987, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987, ISBN 0-87021-295-8, p. 218.
- Aviation Hawaii: 1950–1959 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
- Chinnery, Philip D., Vietnam: The Helicopter War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1991, ISBN 1-55750-875-5, p. 2.
- planecrashinfo.com Famous People Who Died in Aviation Accidents: 1950s
- Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Anness Publishing Ltd., 2006, ISBN 978-1-84476-917-9, p. 289.
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- noaa.gov Bell Masayuki Shimada (1922-1958)
- Chronology of Significant Events in Naval Aviation: "Naval Air Transport" 1941 -- 1999
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- Pool, Bob, "Obituary: John D. Silva, 92; TV Engineer Devised the World's First News Helicopter," The Washington Post, December 11, 2012, Page B6.
- Potter, E. B., ed., Sea Power: A Naval History, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1981, ISBN 0-87021-607-4, p. 371.
- Isenberg, Michael T., Shield of the Republic: The United States Navy in an Era of Cold War and Violent Peace, Volume I: 1945–1962, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-09911-8, p. 712.
- Anonymous, "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, July 29, 2013, p. 26.
- jetpsa.com The History of PSA
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- Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World's Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Anness Publishing Ltd., 2006, ISBN 978-1-84476-917-9, pp. 41, 42.
- Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles: AIM-9.
- Hollway, Don, "Fox Two!", Aviation History, March 2013, p. 56.
- Hallion, Richard P., "Across the Hypersonic Divide," Aviation History, July 2012, p. 41.
- "65 Passengers, All Crew Killed in Red Plane Crash". The Daily Reporter. 20 October 1948. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
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- Thetford, Owen, British Naval Aircraft Since 1912, Sixth Edition, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1991, ISBN 1-55750-076-2, p. 112.
- National Airlines history, at Nationalsundowners.com, the Organization of Former Stewardesses and Flight Attendants with the Original National Airlines.
- Taylor 1961, p. 61.
- [Stevenson, Roy, "Doak's One-Off," Aviation History, July 2014, p. 15.]
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- "World Air News: First Flights". Air Pictorial February 1959, p. 44.
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- Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: Great But Impractical Aircraft," Naval History, June 2012, p. 13.
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