Showcasing the finer articles and information on Wikipedia's R&B, soul, and funk singers, musicians, bands, songs, and record labels.
- Funk is an American musical style that originated in the mid- to late-1960s when African American musicians blended soul music, soul jazz and R&B into a rhythmic, danceable new form of music. Funk de-emphasizes melody and harmony, and brings a strong rhythmic groove of electric bass and drums to the foreground. Unlike R&B and soul songs, which had many chord changes, funk songs are often based on an extended vamp on a single chord.
Like much of African inspired music, funk typically consists of a complex groove with rhythm instruments such as electric guitar, electric bass, Hammond organ, and drums playing interlocking rhythms. Funk bands also usually have a horn section of several saxophones, trumpets, and in some cases, a trombone, which plays rhythmic "hits".
Voodoo is the second studio album by American R&B and neo soul musician D'Angelo, released January 25, 2000 on the Virgin Records-imprint label Cheeba Sound in the United States. Recording sessions for the album took place at Electric Lady Studios in New York City during 1998 to 1999, with an extensive line-up of soul, funk, jazz, and hip hop musicians associated with the Soulquarians musical collective, including Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson, Pino Palladino, James Poyser, and Russell Elevado. Voodoo contains an experimental, groove-based funk sound with live instrumentation and a vintage production style, which contrasts the conventional structure of D'Angelo's debut album Brown Sugar (1995). It also exhibits a maturity in his songwriting with personal themes of spirituality, sexuality, love, growth, and fatherhood.
Following heavy promotion and an anticipated release, Voodoo was met with a considerable amount of commercial and critical success. The album became a chart success within weeks after release with the help of its hit third single, "Untitled (How Does It Feel)", and its controversial music video. Despite some criticism for its loose, experimental structure, the album received mostly positive reviews from writers and music critics that praised its diverse musical style and vintage influences, and it was also voted at or near the top of many publications' "best album" lists. It has been recognized as a creative milestone of the neo soul genre and has been considered by music writers as a masterpiece. In spite of its chart success and critical praise, the album did not parallel the sales and single-oriented success of his debut album.
Along with its critical and commercial legacy, Voodoo has been noted for serving as D'Angelo's last studio album prior to his period of legal controversies and absence from the music scene after the end of the album's international supporting tour in late 2000. While successful early on, the tour eventually became marked by internal issues. On March 1, 2000, Voodoo was certified platinum in sales by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), following sales in excess of over one million copies. In 2003, the album was ranked number 488 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.
- Author: Tsui
- Picture Notes: Soul singer Dorretta Carter at the Museumsquartier in Vienna (Jazz-Fest Wien)
Eunice Kathleen Waymon, better known by her stage name Nina Simone (IPA: ninɐ sʌmɞnɑ) (February 21, 1933 – April 21, 2003), was a Grammy Award-nominated American singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger and civil rights activist.
Although she disliked being categorized, Simone is generally classified as a jazz musician. She preferred the term "Black Classical Music" herself. Simone originally aspired to become a classical pianist, but her work covers an eclectic variety of musical styles besides her classical basis, such as jazz, soul, folk, R&B, gospel, and pop music. Her vocal style (with a rich alto vocal range) is characterized by intense passion, breathiness, and tremolo. Sometimes known as the High Priestess of Soul, she paid great attention to the musical expression of emotions. Within one album or concert she could fluctuate between exuberant happiness or tragic melancholy. These fluctuations also characterized her own personality and personal life, worsened by a bipolar disorder with which she was diagnosed in the mid-sixties, but was kept secret until 2004.
Simone recorded over 40 live and studio albums, the biggest body of her work being released between 1958 (when she made her debut with Little Girl Blue) and 1974. Songs she is best known for include "My Baby Just Cares for Me", "I Put a Spell on You", "I Loves You Porgy", "Feeling Good", "Sinner Man", "To Be Young, Gifted and Black", "Strange Fruit", "Ain't Got No-I Got Life" and "I Want a Little Sugar in My Bowl". Her music and message made a strong and lasting impact on African-American culture, illustrated by the numerous contemporary artists who cite her as an important influence (among them Mary J. Blige, Alicia Keys, Jeff Buckley, and Lauryn Hill), as well as the extensive use of her music on soundtracks and in remixes.
Simone was born Eunice Kathleen Waymon in Tryon, North Carolina, one of eight children. She began playing piano at her local church and showed prodigious talent on this instrument. Her concert debut, a classical piano recital, was made at the age of ten. During her performance, her parents, who had taken seats in the front row, were forced to move to the back of the hall to make way for white people. Simone refused to play until her parents were moved back. This incident contributed to her later involvement in the civil rights movement.