people have a gender identity
or gender expression
that differs from their assigned sex
. Transgender people are sometimes called transsexual
if they desire medical assistance to transition
from one sex to another. Transgender
is also an umbrella term
: in addition to including people whose gender identity is the opposite of their assigned sex (trans men
and trans women
), it may include people who are not exclusively masculine or feminine (people who are genderqueer or non-binary
, including bigender
, genderfluid, or agender). Other definitions of transgender
also include people who belong to a third gender
, or else conceptualize transgender people as
a third gender. Infrequently, the term transgender
is defined very broadly to include cross-dressers
, regardless of their gender identity.
Being transgender is independent of sexual orientation: transgender people may identify as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, asexual, or may decline to label their sexual orientation. The term transgender is also distinguished from intersex, a term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics "that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies". The counterpart of transgender is cisgender, which describes persons whose gender identity or expression matches their assigned sex.
The degree to which individuals feel genuine, authentic, and comfortable within their external appearance and accept their genuine identity has been called transgender congruence. Many transgender people experience gender dysphoria, and some seek medical treatments such as hormone replacement therapy, sex reassignment surgery, or psychotherapy. Not all transgender people desire these treatments, and some cannot undergo them for financial or medical reasons.
Most transgender people face discrimination in the workplace and in accessing public accommodations, and healthcare. In many places they are not legally protected from discrimination.
But if we cannot know what causes transsexuality, we can know a great deal about it. We can acknowledge its power and its reality, we can learn about other transsexual people and their experiences, and we can discover its ancient worldwide history.
Christine Jorgensen (born George William Jorgensen, Jr. 30 May 1926 in The Bronx, New York City, USA; died 3 May 1989) was famous in the USA for having been the first widely-known individual to have sex reassignment surgery—in this case, male to female.
The second child of George William Jorgensen Sr., a carpenter and contractor, and his wife, the former Florence Davis Hansen, Jorgensen grew up in the Bronx and later described herself as having been a "frail, tow-headed, introverted little boy [sic] who ran from fistfights and rough-and-tumble games".