Pratt & Whitney JT12

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
JT12
Pratt & Whitney Jt-12A Turbojet Engine.jpg
A Pratt & Whitney JT12A turbojet
Type Turbojet
Manufacturer Pratt & Whitney
First run 1957
Major applications North American Sabreliner
Number built 800+[1]
Variants Pratt & Whitney T73

The Pratt & Whitney JT12, (US military designation J60) is a small turbojet engine. The Pratt & Whitney T73 (Pratt & Whitney JFTD12) is a related turboshaft engine.[2]

Design and development[edit]

The J60 conception and project design began in July 1957 at United Aircraft of Canada (now Pratt & Whitney Canada) in Montreal. The project design details were transferred to the main P&W company in East Hartford and in May 1958, the first prototype, with military designation YJ60-P-1 commenced testing.

Flight tests were completed in early 1959; followed by the delivery of the new JT12A-5 engines in July 1959. These were for the two Canadair CL-41 prototype trainers with a rating of 12.9 kN (2,900 lb st). The modified JT12A-3 turbojets with a basic rating of 14.69 kN (3,300 lb st) were tested in the two Lockheed XV-4A Hummingbird VTOL research aircraft. The next version, JT12A-21, had an afterburner which delivered a maximum thrust of 17.91 kN (4,025 lb st).

Variants[edit]

Data from Janes[3]
YJ60-P-1
prototype
J60-P-3
J60-P-3A
J60-P-4
J60-P-5
J60-P-6
J60-P-9
T73
Military designation of the Pratt & Whitney JFTD12 free power turbine turboshaft version of the J60.
JT12A-3LH
JT12A-5
(J60-P-3 / -3A / -5 / -6 / -9) Take-off ratings from 2,900 lbf (12.9 kN) to 3,001 lbf (13.35 kN).
JT12A-6
Essentially similar to the -5
JT12A-6A
JT12A-7
(J60-P-4) up-rated to 3,300 lbf (15 kN)
JT12A-8
JT12A-8A
JT12A-21
An after-burning version developing 4,023 lbf (18 kN) thrust wet.
FT12
Turboshaft versions for marine use.
JFTD12
Company designation of the Pratt & Whitney T73 free power turbine turbo-shaft version of the J60.

Applications[edit]

Civilian (JT12)[edit]

Military (J60)[edit]

Specifications (JT12A-8A)[edit]

Data from Aircraft engines of the World 1966/67[4]

General characteristics

  • Type: Commercial turbojet
  • Length: 78 in (2,000 mm)
  • Diameter: 22 in (560 mm)
  • Dry weight: 468 lb (212 kg)

Components

  • Compressor: 9-stage axial compressor
  • Combustors: Cannular - 8 burner cans in an annular casing
  • Turbine: 2-stage axial turbine
  • Fuel type: ASTM-A-1 / MIL-J-5624 / JP-1 / JP-4 / JP-5
  • Oil system: Return pressure spray system at 45 psi (310 kPa)

Performance

See also[edit]

Related development

Comparable engines

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ Connors, p.285
  2. ^ Greg Goebel's Vectorsite
  3. ^ Janes: JT12
  4. ^ Wilkinson, Paul H. (1966). Aircraft engines of the World 1966/67 (21st ed.). London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons Ltd. p. 103.

External links[edit]