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Traditional ham of Chaves, Portugal
Presunto (European Portuguese: [pɾɨˈzũtu], Brazilian Portuguese: [pɾeˈzũtu]) is the name given to dry-cured ham from Portugal, similar to Spanish jamón or Italian prosciutto crudo.
Among the wide variety of presuntos in Portugal, the most famous are presunto from Chaves, produced in the north of Portugal, and that from the Alentejo, in the south, made from local Alentejano pigs.
In Brazil, the wet-cured ham called fiambre ([ˈfjɐ̃bɾɨ] or [fiˈɐ̃bɾi]) is often also called presunto.
Several varieties of presunto are protected by European law with geographical indications.
The word is from Vulgar Latin persunctus, and is unrelated to identical words in Italian and Spanish (see wikt:presunto).
Presunto PDO and IGP
In March 2014, there were six varieties of presunto protected by European law registed with protected designation of origin:
- Presunto de Barrancos (PGO)
- Presunto do Alentejo and Paleta do Alentejo (PDO)
- Presunto de Barroso (PGI)
- Presunto de Campo Maior e Elvas and Paleta de Campo Maior e Elvas (PGI)
- Presunto de Santana da Serra and Paleta de Santana da Serra (PGI)
- Presunto de Vinhais or Presunto Bísaro de Vinhais (PGI)