Prince Kung's Mansion

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Prince Kung's Mansion
Literal meaning Official Residence of the Respectful Prince
The library at the mansion
Classical Suzhou gardening style
A corridor at the mansion

Prince Kung's Mansion,[1] also known as the Prince Gong Mansion, is a museum and tourist attraction located in Xicheng District, Beijing, just north of the Shichahai Lake. It consists of large siheyuan-style mansions and gardens. Originally constructed for Heshen, an official highly favoured by the Qianlong Emperor, it was later renamed after Prince Gong, a Manchu prince and influential statesman of the late Qing dynasty, who inhabited the mansion in the late 19th century.


"Kung" is the older, Wade-Giles romanisation of the same Chinese character now spelled "Gong" in pinyin. It was not Yixin's personal name, but a title meaning the "Respectful Prince" or "King".


Prince Kung's Mansion was constructed in 1777 during the Qing dynasty for Heshen, a prominent court official in the reign of the Qianlong Emperor.[2] From a young age, Heshen earned the favour of the Qianlong Emperor and rose swiftly through the ranks in the imperial administration to become one of the top and wealthiest officials in the imperial court. In 1799, the Jiaqing Emperor, successor to the Qianlong Emperor, accused Heshen of corruption and had him executed and his property confiscated. The mansion was given to Prince Qing, the 17th and youngest son of the Qianlong Emperor.

In 1851, the Xianfeng Emperor gave the mansion to his sixth brother, Prince Gong, whom the mansion is named after.

In 1921, after the collapse of the Qing dynasty, Prince Gong's grandson, Puwei, offered the property as a mortgage to the Order of Saint Benedict of the Catholic Church. The Benedictines invested significant resources into restoring the dilapidated mansion for use as a university. It was then known as Furen Catholic University until the priests were evicted from China in 1951.

During the Cultural Revolution, the mansion was used by the Beijing Air Conditioning Factory until it experienced a revival in the 1980s. In 1982, it was declared a Major Historical and Cultural Site Protected at the National Level in Beijing. Since November 1996, the buildings and the gardens have become a tourist attraction. Renovation works on the mansion were completed on 24 August 2008 during the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

Structure of the compound[edit]

Prince Kung's Mansion is one of the most exquisite and best-preserved imperial mansions in Beijing and used to house several families, and has a total area of 60,000 square metres.

The mansion buildings are located in the south; the gardens are in the north. The buildings include several siheyuan courtyards, two story buildings, and a grand Beijing opera house. Some of the courtyards house permanent exhibitions on the history of the mansion as well as temporary art exhibitions.

In addition to the mansion, there is a 28,000-square-metre garden, with 20 scenic spots, pavilions, artificial hills including rock originating from the Lake Tai in Jiangsu, and ponds.

There is an eight-metre-long stele which bears the Chinese character 福 (fú: lit "fortune") based on the calligraphy of the Kangxi Emperor.

Restoration works and future[edit]

Since 2005, the mansion has undergone renovation worth 200 million yuan.[2] In November 2006, restoration works started on the buildings. The mansion reopened as "Prince Kung's Mansion" on 24 August 2008.[2] It showcases the lives of Manchu nobles and aspects of the Qing dynasty.

The Beijing opera house inside the mansion not only stages Beijing operas, but also other prominent forms of Chinese opera. In August 2008, the kunqu performance group from the "Jiangsu Kunqu House" performed at Prince Kung's Mansion for a week with their programme Floating Dreams.[3]

It is included on the World Monuments Fund's 2018 list of monuments at risk. [4]




  1. ^ Official site, Beijing: Prince Kung's Palace Museum, 2014 .
  2. ^ a b c SCMP. "" Mansion of notorious Qing official draws large crowds for opening. Retrieved on 2008-08-24.
  3. ^ "Kunqu returns to its debut venue". China Economic Net. 2008-08-19. 
  4. ^ "Grand Theater, Prince Kung's Mansion". 2018 World Monuments Watch. World Monuments Foundation. 


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°56′11.52″N 116°22′45.53″E / 39.9365333°N 116.3793139°E / 39.9365333; 116.3793139