Born in Amman on 27 September 1996 to then Prince Abdullah and Princess Rania, Princess Iman is a member of the Hashemite family. She is the 42nd-generation descendant of Muhammad. Her paternal grandfather was the then-reigning King Hussein and her grandmother is the English-born Princess Muna, who is his second wife. Iman has one elder brother, Crown Prince Hussein and two younger siblings, Princess Salma and Hashem. She and her sister have birthdays that are one day apart.
Princess Iman attended the International Academy Amman (IAA) with her paternal cousin, Muna Juma. On 4 June 2014, she graduated from IAA and was awarded as the top female athlete in her class. She is currently attending Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., the same university as her brother Crown Prince Hussein.