Province of Arezzo
|Province of Arezzo|
Map highlighting the location of the province of Arezzo in Italy
|• President||Vincenzo Ceccarelli (PD)|
|• Total||3,235 km2 (1,249 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
The province of Arezzo or Arretium (Italian: provincia di Arezzo) is the easternmost province in the Tuscany region of northern Italy. Its capital is the city of Arezzo. The province is bordered by the regions of Marche, Emilia-Romagna, Umbria, and the provinces Siena and Florence of Tuscany. It has an area of 3,235 square kilometres (1,249 sq mi), a total population of about 347,000 in 37 comuni (singular: comune), and a density of 107.2 people per square kilometer.
The north of the province of Arezzo contains the Pratomagno and Casentino mountain ranges and valleys, and the southern areas of the region contain the fertile Tiber and Chiana valleys. It is believed that the province was a major Etruscan urban centre known as Arretium, and a wall was built around the province in this period of rule. In Roman times, the settlement expanded down from the hills, and the settlement assisted Ancient Rome in the Punic Wars against Ancient Carthage. After attacks from barbarians, the settlement mostly disappeared in around 400 AD.
Towards the end of the 1000s, the settlement grew again into a city, despite being located between the powerful nations of Siena and Florence. Its location led to its ownership changing repeatedly; Florence owned the province after the Battle of Campaldino, later lost authority over it, and then annexed it again in 1384. Florence possessed the province until 1859 when Italy was unified. The province is in close proximity to Camaldoli, where the Camaldolese monks originate from.
The main comuni by population are:
|San Giovanni Valdarno||17,159|
|Foiano della Chiana||9,552|
|Civitella in Val di Chiana||9,091|
|Monte San Savino||8,825|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Province of Arezzo.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Arezzo (province).|
- (Italian) Province homepage