Province of Arezzo

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Province of Arezzo
Province
Valmareccia
Valmareccia
Map highlighting the location of the province of Arezzo in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Arezzo in Italy
Country  Italy
Region Tuscany
Capital(s) Arezzo
Comuni 37
Government
 • President Vincenzo Ceccarelli (PD)
Area
 • Total 3,235 km2 (1,249 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 346,661
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code n/a
Telephone prefix n/a
Vehicle registration AR
ISTAT 051

The province of Arezzo or Arretium (Italian: provincia di Arezzo) is the easternmost province in the Tuscany region of northern Italy. Its capital is the city of Arezzo. The province is bordered by the regions of Marche, Emilia-Romagna, Umbria, and the provinces Siena and Florence of Tuscany.[1] It has an area of 3,235 square kilometres (1,249 sq mi), a total population of about 347,000 in 37 comuni (singular: comune), and a density of 107.2 people per square kilometer.[2][3]

The north of the province of Arezzo contains the Pratomagno and Casentino mountain ranges and valleys, and the southern areas of the region contain the fertile Tiber and Chiana valleys.[1] It is believed that the province was a major Etruscan urban centre known as Arretium, and a wall was built around the province in this period of rule. In Roman times, the settlement expanded down from the hills, and the settlement assisted Ancient Rome in the Punic Wars against Ancient Carthage. After attacks from barbarians, the settlement mostly disappeared in around 400 AD.[1]

Towards the end of the 1000s, the settlement grew again into a city, despite being located between the powerful nations of Siena and Florence. Its location led to its ownership changing repeatedly; Florence owned the province after the Battle of Campaldino, later lost authority over it, and then annexed it again in 1384.[1] Florence possessed the province until 1859 when Italy was unified. The province is in close proximity to Camaldoli, where the Camaldolese monks originate from.[1]

Communes[edit]

The main comuni by population are:[3]

Comune Population
Arezzo 99,232
Montevarchi 24,502
Cortona 22,607
San Giovanni Valdarno 17,159
Sansepolcro 16,109
Castiglion Fiorentino 13,386
Bibbiena 12,512
Terranuova Bracciolini 12,401
Bucine 10,103
Cavriglia 9,633
Foiano della Chiana 9,552
Civitella in Val di Chiana 9,091
Monte San Savino 8,825

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-30733-1. 
  2. ^ "Province of Arezzo". Comuni-Italiani. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Province of AREZZO". Urbistat. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°28′24″N 11°52′12″E / 43.47333°N 11.87000°E / 43.47333; 11.87000