Psilocybe aucklandii

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Psilocybe aucklandii
Psilocybe aucklandii 45433.jpg
Scientific classification
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P. aucklandii
Binomial name
Psilocybe aucklandii
Guzmán, King and Bandala
Synonyms

Psilocybe aucklandiae

Psilocybe aucklandii
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Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is conical or umbonate
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is purple-brown
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: psychoactive

Psilocybe aucklandii is a psychedelic mushroom, which has psilocybin and psilocin as main active compounds. It is in the section Zapotecorum of the genus Psilocybe, other members of this section include Psilocybe muliercula, Psilocybe angustipleurocystidiata, Psilocybe collybioides, Psilocybe graveolens, Psilocybe kumaenorum, Psilocybe zapotecorum, Psilocybe pintonii, Psilocybe subcaerulipes, Psilocybe moseri, Psilocybe zapotecoantillarum, Psilocybe zapotecocaribaea, and Psilocybe antioquiensis.[1][2]

Description[edit]

Psilocybe aucklandii has a farinaceous smell and taste. The cap is 2–5 cm, conical to plane, chestnut brown, hygrophanous, and bruises blue/green where damaged. It often has a broad umbo. The gills are cream-colored when young and violet yellowish brown in age, with an adnate attachment. Psilocybe aucklandii spores are dark violet brown, oblong to ellipsoid, and 7 x 4 µm. The stipe is 4–9 cm long and .2–.5 cm thick. It is brown and bruises blueish. The stipe is pruinose, with fibrils near the base.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Psilocybe aucklandii grows in clay based pine forest, directly from clay. Its type collection was in the Waitakere Ranges near Auckland, New Zealand, though it is more commonly found in the exotic pine plantation of Riverhead forest.[4][5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guzmán, Gastón (2012). "New Taxonomical and Ethnomycological Observations on Psilocybe S.S. From Mexico, Africa and Spain" (PDF). Acta Botanica Mexicana. 100: 79–106.
  2. ^ Ramírez-Cruz, Virginia; Guzmán, Gastón; Villalobos-Arámbula, Alma Rosa; Rodríguez, Aarón; Matheny, Brandon; Sánchez-García, Marisol; Guzmán-Dávalos, Laura (2013). "Phylogenetic inference and trait evolution of the psychedelic mushroom genus Psilocybe sensu lato (Agaricales)". Botany. 91 (9): 573–591. doi:10.1139/cjb-2013-0070.
  3. ^ Paul Stamets. Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. pp 89-90. 1996, Ten Speed Press. ISBN 978-0-89815-839-7
  4. ^ Guzman G, Bandala VM, King C (1991). "A new species of Psilocybe of section zapotecorum from New Zealand". Mycological Research. 95 (4): 507–508. doi:10.1016/S0953-7562(09)80856-3.
  5. ^ Johnston P, Buchanan PK. The genus Psilocybe (Agaricales) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 1995;33(3):379-388. Johnston, Peter(iR.}; Buchanan, Peter K. (1995). "The genus Psilocybe(Agaricales) in New Zealand". New Zealand Journal of Botany. 33 (3): 379–388. doi:10.1080/0028825X.1995.10412964.

External links[edit]

Psilocybe aucklandii from New Zealand