Putnam Memorial State Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Putnam Memorial State Park
Connecticut State Park
PUTNAM MEMORIAL STATE PARK.jpg
General Israel Putnam statue at the entrance to Putnam Memorial State Park
Country  United States
State  Connecticut
County Fairfield
Towns Bethel, Redding
Elevation 600 ft (183 m) [1]
Coordinates 41°20′20″N 73°22′51″W / 41.33889°N 73.38083°W / 41.33889; -73.38083Coordinates: 41°20′20″N 73°22′51″W / 41.33889°N 73.38083°W / 41.33889; -73.38083 [1]
Area 183 acres (74 ha) [2]
Established 1887
Management Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
Location in Connecticut
Website: Putnam Memorial State Park
Putnam Memorial State Park
Location Jct. of Rtes. 58 (Black Rock Tpke.) and 107 (Park Rd.), Redding, Connecticut
Area 183 acres (74 ha)
Built 1778
NRHP Reference # 70000683
Added to NRHP December 29, 1970

Putnam Memorial State Park is a state-operated historic park and public recreation area in the New England town of Redding, Connecticut.[3] The state park preserves the site that Major General Israel Putnam chose as the winter encampment for his men in the winter of 1778/1779 during the American Revolutionary War. It is Connecticut's oldest state park, created in 1887 at the instigation of Redding town residents. The park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.[4]

In addition to its historic features, the park's 183 acres (74 ha) include facilities for hiking, picnicking, pond fishing, and winter sports. The park is located at the intersection of Route 107 and Route 58 and is managed by the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection.[3]

History[edit]

Over 3,000 men were sent into winter quarters spread throughout three camps in Redding. The camps were established to keep an eye on the storehouses in Danbury, Connecticut, and to protect Long Island Sound and the Hudson River Valley. Many of these men were the same who had suffered at Valley Forge the previous winter. The 2nd Canadian Regiment, or Congress' Own, under the command of Moses Hazen and the 2nd New Hampshire Regiment under the command of Enoch Poor were stationed at this location.[5][6]

Preservation of the park grounds was initiated in 1887 when Aaron Treadwell, at the encouragement of Redding historian Charles Burr Todd, sold 12.4 acres to the state for one dollar. In 1955, the Park and Forest Commission took over park management. The park was decommissioned with maintenance performed by local volunteers during most of the 1990s. It reopened under state auspices in 1997.[7][8]

Activities and amenities[edit]

  • Museum: The park's visitors center and museum display artifacts found at the park as well as donated items. The exhibits demonstrate colonial life and honor the men who were stationed here.
  • Putnam Statue: In 1969 at age 93, the sculptress Anna Hyatt Huntington donated the equestrian statue of General Israel Putnam which is situated at the entrance to the park. It depicts the horse going down steps. The legend states in February 1779, General Putnam escaped a cohort of British Dragoons by riding his horse down 100 stone steps at Horses Neck, Greenwich, Connecticut.
  • Grounds: There are numerous firebacks, which are the remains of the enlisted soldiers' chimneys, as well as reconstructed replicas of the guard house and an officers' quarters. A 40-foot-tall (12 m) monument commemorates the commanding officers and men who were stationed here. Natural features found in the park include a rock-shelter cave[9] and large glacial erratics.
  • Events: The park hosts an annual reenactment in late October and a guided winter walk in December as well as weekend events in late July and early August. Events are hosted by the organization Friends & Neighbors of Putnam Park.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Putnam Memorial State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Appendix A: List of State Parks and Forests" (PDF). State Parks and Forests: Funding. Staff Findings and Recommendations. Connecticut General Assembly. January 23, 2014. p. A-3. Retrieved December 21, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Putnam Memorial State Park". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. July 18, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2016. 
  4. ^ Constance Luyster, Administrative Trainee, Connecticut Historical Commission. "National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: Putnam Memorial State Park" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  5. ^ Cruson, Daniel (2011). Putnam's Revolutionary War Winter Encampment: The History and Archaeology of Putnam Memorial State Park. Charleston, S.C.: The History Press. ISBN 978-1609492311. 
  6. ^ "Park History". Friends & Neighbors of Putnam Park. Retrieved March 17, 2016. 
  7. ^ "History of the Park: Creation of the Israel Putnam Memorial Camp Ground". Friends & Neighbors of Putnam Park. Retrieved March 17, 2016. 
  8. ^ "The History of Putnam Memorial State Park". History of Redding. Archived from the original on February 24, 2004. 
  9. ^ "The Geology of Putnam Memorial State Park". State Parks and Forests. Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Park Activities". Friends & Neighbors of Putnam Park. Retrieved March 17, 2016. 

External links[edit]