Graharipu

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Graharipu
Chudasama King
Predecessor Vishwarah
Born 10th century
Died 10th century

Ra Graharipu was a 10th century Chudasama king of Saurashtra region of western India.

Graharipu was the successor of Vishwarah. He had a good relationship with Laksha (Lakha), the son of King Phula of Kutch, and other kings such as Turks.[1] He was a contemporary of Mularaja, the first Chaulukya ruler of Anhilwad Patan.

The Chudasamas grew very powerful during the reign of Graharipu in the middle of the 10th century AD.[2] Graharipu built the ancient fort in Junagadh known as Uparkot.[3]


Battle with Mularaja[edit]

According to Hemachandra, who was patronized by the Chaulukyas, the Chaulukya king Mularaja defeated Graharipu. No other Chaulukya-era accounts mention this victory.[4]

According to Hemachandra, one night, Mahadeva appeared in Mularaja's dream, and ordered him to vanquish Graharipu. In the morning, Mularaja consulted his ministers. The minister Jehula described Graharipu as a tyrant who harassed the pilgrims visiting Prabhasa (Somnath), and indulged in many vices. Therefore, Mularaja launched a campaign against Graharipu. After a failed attempt to negotiate peace, Graharipu started preparations for war. He was joined by Laksha of Kachchha and several other kings. Mularaja emerged victorious after capturing Graharipu, and killing Laksha.[5][6]

Hemchandra has mentioned him as an Abhira and a Yadava chief.[7]

Historian Asoke Majumdar theorizes that Mularaja attacked Graharipu on "some flimsy pretext", as Mahadeva-in-a-dream was a popular device used by Sanskrit authors to justify the otherwise inexcusable actions of their heroes.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Banaras Hindu University. College of Indology; Banaras Hindu University. Dept. of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology (2001). Bhāratī: bulletin of the College of Indology. The College. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Ramesh Chandra Majumdar (1 January 1994). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 303–. ISBN 978-81-208-0436-4. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  3. ^ K. V. Soundara Rajan; Archaeological Survey of India (1985). Junagadh. Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  4. ^ Majumdar 1956, p. 25.
  5. ^ Majumdar 1956, pp. 25-26.
  6. ^ Lalit Kalā Akademi (1979). Lalit kalā. Lalit Kalā Akademi. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  7. ^ R. E. Enthoven. The Tribes and Castes of Bombay. Asian Educational Services. p. 25. ISBN 978-81-206-0630-2. 
  8. ^ Majumdar 1956, p. 27.

Bibliography[edit]