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Coordinates: 36°08′33″N 74°29′21″E / 36.14250°N 74.48917°E / 36.14250; 74.48917
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Highest point
Elevation7,788 m (25,551 ft)[1]
Ranked 27th
Prominence2,818 m (9,245 ft)[2]
Ranked 122nd
Coordinates36°08′33″N 74°29′21″E / 36.14250°N 74.48917°E / 36.14250; 74.48917[2]
Native nameراکاپوشی / رَکی پُوشِہ (Urdu)
Rakaposhi is located in Pakistan
Location in Nagar valley, Bagrote valley Gilgit-Baltistan
Rakaposhi is located in Gilgit Baltistan
Rakaposhi (Gilgit Baltistan)
Locationbetween Nagar Valley ,Bagrote valley District Gilgit, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Parent rangeRakaposhi, Karakoram
First ascent1958 by Mike Banks and Tom Patey
Easiest routeSouthwest Spur - glacier/snow/ice

Rakaposhi (Burushaski: رآکاپوݜی, lit.'Shining Wall';[3] Urdu: راکاپوشی) also known as Dumani (Burushaski: دومآنی, lit.'Mother of Mist') is a mountain within the Karakoram range. It is situated in the middle of the Nagar Valley and the Bagrote Valley, which is part of the Gilgit-Baltistan territory in Pakistan. The mountain is extremely broad, measuring almost 20 km from east to west. It is the only peak on earth that descends directly and without interruption for almost 6,000 meters from its summit to its base.[3]


Rakaposhi is a mountain in the Karakoram mountain range in the Gilgit-Baltistan territory, about 100 km (62 mi) north of the city of Gilgit.[1] It is the 27th-highest mountain in the world. Rakaposhi rises over the Nagar Valley.

Rakaposhi is the only mountain in the world with more than 5,000 meters height between its base camp and its summit; by contrast, all of the other tallest mountains in the world have less than 5,000 meters from base camp to top.[citation needed]

The first successful recorded ascent was in 1958 by Mike Banks and Tom Patey, members of a British expedition, via the southwest Spur/Ridge route.[4]


(THE following statement is wrong, according to five local sources in Karimibad and Aliabad (in The Hunza Gilgit Valleys). They say that Dumani is a separate peak to the east of Rakaposhi. Dumani is indeed the Mother of mists; it is often dressed on its hills with many clouds) - Tony Hoffman

Rakaposhi is also known as Dumani ("Mother of Mist" or "Mother of Clouds").[5] The people of Nagar and Bagrot Valley have dedicated the Rakaposhi range mountain area as a community park. The minister for the northern areas inaugurated the park.[citation needed] The Rakaposhi mountain range is the home of endangered species such as Marco Polo sheep, snow leopard, brown bear, and wolves.[6]

Rakaposhi as viewed from the road across the valley.

Notable features[edit]

Rakaposhi is notable for its exceptional rise over local terrain. On the north, it rises 5,900 metres (19,357 ft) in only an 11.2 km (7 mi) horizontal distance from the Hunza River. There are views of Rakaposhi from the Karakoram Highway on the route through Nagar. A tourist spot in the town of Ghulmet (located in the Hunza Valley) called "Zero Point of Rakaposhi" is the closest view point of the mountain.

Rakaposhi is the only mountain in the world which rises straight from beautifully cultivated fields to the height of 25,550 feet. From many places this wonderful spectacle can be viewed right from the base to the top.[7]

Time line[edit]

Front view of Rakaposhi Peak from Bagrote Valley, Gilgit
  • 1892 Martin Conway explored the south side of Rakaposhi.[8]
  • 1938 M. Vyvyan and R. Campbell Secord made the first reconnaissance and climbed a north-western forepeak (about 5,800 m (19,030 ft)) via the northwest ridge.[9]
  • 1947 Secord returned with H. W. Tilman and two Swiss climbers, Hans Gyr and Robert Kappeler; they ascended via the Gunti glacier to 5,800 m (19,000 ft) on the south-west spur.
  • 1954 A Cambridge University team, led by Alfred Tissières, attempted the peak via the south-west spur but only reached 6,340 m (20,800 ft).[10] Tissières' party included Major General Mian Hayaud Din, the Chief of General Staff of the Pakistan Army, and George Band who was a member of the team that made the first ascent of Everest in 1953 and was later to be part of the team who made the first ascent of Kangchenjunga. An Austro-German expedition led by Mathias Rebitsch also attempted the same route on the mountain a couple of months earlier in the season but, because of the avalanche risk in the Rakaposhi area at the time, they moved to climb in an area c. 40 km to the NE.[11]
  • 1956 A British-American expedition, led by Mike Banks, reached 7,163 m (23,500 ft) on the Southwest Ridge, above the Gunti glacier.[8]
  • 1958 The first successful recorded ascent: Mike Banks and Tom Patey, members of a British expedition, via the Southwest Spur/Ridge route.[12][13] They both suffered minor frostbite during the ascent to the summit on June 25. Another climber slipped and fell on the descent and died during the night.
  • 1964 An Irish expedition, led by Paddy O’Leary with Joss Lynam as deputy, attempted the long and difficult Northwest Ridge.[14]
  • 1971 Karl Herrligkoffer [de] led an attempt on the elegant but difficult North Spur (or North Ridge).[15]
  • 1973 Herrligkoffer returned to the North Spur but was again unsuccessful due to time and weather problems.[15]
  • 1979 A Polish-Pakistan expedition ascended the Northwest Ridge from the Biro Glacier.[16]
  • 1979 A Japanese expedition from Waseda University, led by Eiho Ohtani, succeeded in climbing the North Spur. Summit party: Ohtani and Matsushi Yamashita. This ascent was expedition-style, done over a period of six weeks, with 5000 m of fixed rope.[17]
  • 1984 A Canadian team achieves a semi-alpine-style ascent of the North Spur, using much less fixed rope than the Japanese team had. Summit party: Barry Blanchard, David Cheesmond, Kevin Doyle.[18]
  • 1985-1987 Various unsuccessful attempts on the long East Ridge.
  • 1986 A Dutch team climbs a variation of the Northwest Ridge route.
  • 1995 An ascent via the Northwest Ridge.
  • 1997 An ascent via the Southwest Spur/Ridge (possibly the original route).
  • 2000 An attempt from the east side Bagrot Valley Hinercha Glacier.
  • 2002 A Canadian caliber attempt period of 2 weeks from front side of base camp Hinercha glacier Bagrote valley gilgit east side.[clarification needed]
  • 2004 An attempt from the east side Bagrot Valley Hinercha Glacier.

In 2021, it was successfully climbed by Wajidullah Nagari and two Czech climbers, Jacob Vicek and Peter Macek.

Climbing routes[edit]

A view of Diran from Tagaferi Base Camp after Sunrise.
Incredible beauty of Rakaposhi from Bagrot Valley, Gilgit.

The routes with successful summits so far have been (see the timeline as well):

  • Southwest Spur/Ridge (first ascent route). Long, but not exceedingly technical. Some tricky gendarmes (rock pinnacles).[19] Has been repeated.
  • From the east side, it is short route to climb
  • Northwest Ridge. Long, and more technically difficult than the Southwest Spur/Ridge.[16] Has been repeated.
  • North Spur (a.k.a. North Ridge). Shorter than the above two routes, but much more technically difficult.[17] Has been repeated, including a semi-alpine style (capsule-style) ascent.

Attempts have also been made from the east side Bagrot Valley Hinearcha Glacier, the East Ridge, and the North Face.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Rakaposhi". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Karakoram ultras". peaklist.org. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Rakaposhi : Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering : SummitPost". www.summitpost.org. Retrieved 2023-02-17.
  4. ^ Banks, Capt. Mike (1958). "Rakaposhi Climbed". Himalayan Journal. 21: 55–59. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  5. ^ "Rakaposhi". PeakVisor. Retrieved 2023-02-17.
  6. ^ "Hunza Adventure Tours". HunzaATP.
  7. ^ Karakuram Hunza: The Land of Just Enough. S. Shahid Hamid. Karachi, 1979, p. 10.
  8. ^ a b Irvin, Richard K. (1957). "Rakaposhi — Almost". Feature Article. American Alpine Journal. 10 (2). New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club: 54. Retrieved 2016-06-24.
  9. ^ Secord, R. Campbell; Vyvyan, M. (1939). "Reconnaissances of Rakaposhi and the Kunyang Glacier". Himalayan Journal. 11: 156–164. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  10. ^ Chorley, Roger (1956). "To the Monk's Head on Rakaposhi". Himalayan Journal. 19: 109–119. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  11. ^ "Asia, Pakistan, Rakaposhi". American Alpine Journal. 9 (29): 180–181. 1955. ISSN 0065-6925. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  12. ^ Banks, Michael (1959). "Himalaya, Pakistan, Rakaposhi". Climbs And Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. 11 (2). New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club: 328. Retrieved 2016-06-24.
  13. ^ "Climbing details". summitpost.org. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  14. ^ Lynam, Joss P. O’F. (1965). "Rakaposhi – The North-west Ridge". Himalayan Journal. 26: 70–81. Retrieved 6 April 2024.
  15. ^ a b Herrligkoffer, Karl (1975). "Rakaposhi (7788 m.) 1973". Himalayan Journal. 33: 156–158. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  16. ^ a b Nyka, Józef (1980). "Rakaposhi, Second Ascent by New Route, Northwest and Southwest Ridges". Climbs And Expeditions. American Alpine Journal. New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club. Retrieved 2017-10-08.
  17. ^ a b Kodama, Shigeru (1981). "Rakaposhi from the north" (PDF). Alpine Journal. 86 (330): 185–188. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  18. ^ Cheesmond, David M. (1985). "The North Face of Rakaposhi". Feature Article. American Alpine Journal. 27 (59). New York, NY, USA: American Alpine Club: 53. Retrieved 2016-06-24.
  19. ^ Brooke, Leut. Commander F.R. (1958). "The Ascent of Rakaposhi" (PDF). Alpine Journal. 63 (297): 159–168. Retrieved 6 April 2024.


External links[edit]