|This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. (October 2012)|
Ravenscraig site in January 2012, with Motherwell in the background
Ravenscraig shown within North Lanarkshire
|OS grid reference|
|– Edinburgh||41 mi (66 km)|
|– London||393 mi (632 km)|
|Council area||North Lanarkshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||ML1, ML2|
|UK Parliament||Motherwell and Wishaw|
|Scottish Parliament||Motherwell and Wishaw|
Ravenscraig is an area of land located in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, due to become a small town. Ravenscraig was previously inhabited by steel industry workers, as it was formerly the site of Ravenscraig steelworks. Once the largest hot strip steel mill in Western Europe, the steelworks closed in 1992, and is now almost totally demolished.
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Ravenscraig is located in one of the most accessible places in Scotland, with over two-thirds of Scotland’s population within 90 minutes drive time.
Ravenscraig is only some ten minutes drive from both the M74 and the M8 motorways, which lead to Glasgow and Edinburgh – Scotland's two largest cities – respectively. This allows easy access for commuters and visitors to the area.
A rail line travels directly through the site and another travels around the opposite end of the site.
Ravenscraig Steel Works, took its name, as well as the former settlement of the same title, from the nearby secluded cliff face called Ravenscraig. This translates as Raven's Cliff or Cliff of the Ravens. It is situated in the valley of the North Calder Water, north of the steelworks site. This is first shown on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map of 1859.
In 1954 the first stages of development began in Ravenscraig turning a green field into a site for steelworks. By 1957 several coke ovens, a by-products plant, a blast furnace and an open hearth melting shop with three steelmaking furnaces were built, and by 1959 a stripmill was complete.
The closure of Ravenscraig in 1992 signaled the end of large scale steel making in Scotland, and was the cause of a loss of 770 jobs, with another 10,000 job losses directly and indirectly linked to the closure.
In its current state, Ravenscraig is one of the largest derelict sites in Europe measuring over 1,125 acres (4.55 km2) in size, an area equivalent to 700 football pitches or twice the size of Monaco. The main spine of the new road network has been constructed and there are facilities onsite to help decontaminate the River Calder which suffered during the years Ravenscraig was in operation. There are also plantations designed to encourage diversity in the site wildlife.
After many years of planning, Ravenscraig will be 'regenerated' and rebuilt by three equal shareholders: Wilson Bowden Developments Ltd, Scottish Enterprise and Corus. The project will be one of the largest regenerations in Europe, with 400 acres (1.6 km2) being developed.
Ravenscraig will be home to several new facilities:
|3,500 new homes|
|A new town centre with 84,000 m² of retail and leisure space|
|Up to 216,000 m² of business and industrial space|
|Major parkland areas|
|A new transport network|
|New sports facility|
|A new college campus|
|Two new schools|
Part of the development will be to create new habitats for the wildlife already living in the area, such as deer, foxes, hares, otters, badgers, watervoles, butterflies and birds such as the wader, song thrush and the little ringed plover, with an Ecological Clerk of Works appointed to 'ensure compliance with Ravenscraig Ltd.’s aims and objectives by all developers and contractors.'
The new £29million sports complex (completed October 2010) will be used as training camps for the 2012 London Olympics and the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. The complex was also the host facility for the 2011 International Children's Games.
The plans for the regeneration generated a certain amount of controversy; local residents and businesses were worried about the proposed shopping facilities. It is feared that new shopping facilities in the town centre will destroy jobs and nearby businesses and town centres (e.g. Motherwell and Wishaw) will suffer. Nearby shopping centres such as Motherwell Shopping Centre, the Regent Shopping Centre in Hamilton and East Kilbride Shopping Centre have complained that new shopping facilities may take away their regular customers, a statement that North Lanarkshire Council leader Jim McCabe disputes.
The first major development, the new Motherwell College, has been completed, and has been formally opened. The building will attract in excess of 20,000 students. The new regional sports facility has also been completed and opened on 4 October 2010.
The final part of phase one, which is construction of houses to the north of the new town, is well underway. The housing development of Phoenix Park will eventually hold 850 new homes, some of which have been completed.
Also, another important step towards full completion of the project has been met, with funding being approved for the second phase. Phase two of the construction, which includes shopping facilities, is planned to start around mid-2012.
A new dual carriageway, that would link the new town with the M8 and M74 motorways, has been given approval, with an extra 10 million to bring the project forward agreed on June 2012. The new carriageway would also travel through neighboring North Lanarkshire settlements, Motherwell and Carfin.
On September 2012, the first building of a new BRE Innovation Park was opened, with the visitor centre building officially completed. Five more buildings will be completed during 2012, with a total of 10 buildings expected to be built in the park.
On 14 November 2012, plans were also un-veiled to build a new Marston's pub-restaurant directly to the north-east of the Sports Facility. Despite favorable first impressions, the proposal has yet to receive planning permission.
As part of the regeneration, the transport links to Ravenscraig will be greatly improved. There will be a new transport interchange within walking distance of the new town centre offering bus services to Glasgow and Lanark. There will be easy access to public transport throughout the site including dedicated business routes. There will also be a new railway station built that will link to the broader public transport network. The Argyle Line travels through the area, so trains could easily travel to major Scottish railway stations such as Glasgow Central from Ravenscraig.
There will also be a new road network, as well as a new dual carriageway, which will connect to the M8 and M74, Scotland's busiest motorways, potentially leading to reduced traffic flow and easier access to Ravenscraig and neighbouring towns such as Motherwell and Wishaw. Local politicians want the area well signposted due to the many benefits the town will bring to the wider area, stretching from Glasgow to Edinburgh to as far as the northern parts of England.
Some benefits of note that may well attract people from a wider area will include the following:
- The town being host to an established educational facility (i.e. Motherwell College).
- The town being five minutes from a large hospital (i.e. Wishaw General).
- The town being host to a Town Centre (that will contain a lot of shopping and leisure facilities).
- The town being host to a large regional sports facility, tipped as one of the largest in the UK.
- The town being near (and possibly in the future, host) an SPL club (i.e. Motherwell F.C).
The local Scottish Premier League football team, Motherwell Football Club is one of the possible purchasers of the site for a new stadium, leaving behind their home of 113 years, Fir Park. Mark McGhee, then-manager of the club, had said that he and the directors have held tentative discussions with North Lanarkshire Council about building the new stadium on the site. Despite the fact there have been stronger indications that the move may be in progress of becoming a reality, a move to Ravenscraig in the short-term would be impossible.
- The Company and Its Allied Concerns - Colville's Magazine, 1920
- Campbell, R. H. (1958). Iron and Steel. Chapter 5, In: Cunnison, J. and Gilfillan, J. B. S. (Editors) (1958). The Third Statistical Account of Scotland, Volume V, The City of Glasgow. Glasgow: William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd.
- Ravenscraig Steel Works History 1954–1992
- Stratton, Michael and Trinder, Barry (2000). Twentieth Century Industrial Archaeology. London: E & FN Spon. ISBN 0-419-24680-0.
- "Scottish Government - (Henry McLeish backs plans for Ravenscraig Regeneration)". The Scottish Government. 26 January 2000. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Land Regeneration Network – Nov-2005 » Apr-2006" (PDF). GRC Engineering. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Steel site forges new future". BBC News. 27 June 2001. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Ravenscraig project starts". BBC News. 15 December 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Developing homes at Ravenscraig". Motherwell Times. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "New Year start for sports facility". Motherwell Times. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Ravenscraig – Natural Heritage". Ravenscraig.co.uk. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Scottish Government - (£29m for Ravenscraig sports complex)". The Scottish Government. 30 October 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "BBC News – Controversy over steelworks plan". BBC News. 2 January 2004. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Ravenscraig regeneration aimed at boosting economy". STV Local. 27 June 2004. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "First Residents move into Ravenscraig project". Wishaw Press. 29 December 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Rise of the 'Craig". Evening Times. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "The start date for Ravenscraig Town Centre". Motherwell Times. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Scottish Government approves council's £73m business plan". North Lanarkshire Council. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Ravenscraig project to progress with £10m for M8 link". BBC News. 27 June 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Alex Neil MSP opens BRE Innovation Park@ Ravenscraig". BRE Group. 5 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Marston's to spend £3m on new Ravenscraig pub and create 45 jobs". Wishaw Press. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "The Greenlink" (PDF). Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- "Well in talks for Ravenscraig". Motherwell Times. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "The Manager Speaks". Fir Park Corner. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Motherwell Boss – We need a new stadium". Wishaw Press. 7 January 2009. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
- "Dempster – My Fir Park pitch nightmare". Wishaw Press. 18 August 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "Dempster leading Well fans to a bright future". Evening Times. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
- "Fir Parkers ‘nowhere near’ a ground move". Motherwell Times. 7 September 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ravenscraig.|
- North Lanarkshire Council
- Ravenscraig Website
- National Library of Scotland: Scottish Screen Archive (Film clip from “The Big Mill”, 1963, about Ravenscraig and Gartcosh steelworks)