The Fountain at Bank Street
|Area||6.818 sq mi (17.66 km2)|
|Population||43,950 (mid-2020 est.)|
|• Density||6,038/sq mi (2,331/km2)|
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||33 mi (53 km) ENE|
|• London||341 mi (549 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Coatbridge (Scots: Cotbrig or Coatbrig, Scottish Gaelic: Drochaid a' Chòta) is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, about 8+1⁄2 miles (14 kilometres) east of Glasgow city centre, set in the central Lowlands. While the earliest known settlement of the area dates back to the Stone Age era, the founding of the town can be traced to the 12th century, when a Royal Charter was granted to the monks of Newbattle Abbey by King Malcolm IV. Along with neighbouring town Airdrie, Coatbridge forms the area known as the Monklands (population approximately 90,000 including outlying settlements), often considered to be part of the Greater Glasgow urban area – although officially they have not been included in population figures since 2016 due to small gaps between the Monklands and Glasgow built-up areas.
In the last years of the 18th century, the area developed from a loose collection of hamlets into the town of Coatbridge. The town's development and growth have been intimately connected with the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution, and in particular with the hot blast process. Coatbridge was a major Scottish centre for iron works and coal mining during the 19th century and was then described as 'the industrial heartland of Scotland' and the 'Iron Burgh'.
Coatbridge also had a notorious reputation for air pollution and the worst excesses of industry. However, by the 1920s, coal seams were exhausted and the iron industry in Coatbridge was in rapid decline. After the Great Depression, the Gartsherrie ironwork was the last remaining iron works in the town. One publication has commented that in modern-day Coatbridge 'coal, iron and steel have all been consigned to the heritage scrap heap'.
Coatbridge owes its name to a bridge that carried the old Edinburgh-Glasgow road over the Gartsherrie Burn, at what is now Coatbridge Cross. This first appears on Roy's survey of 1755 as Cottbrig, one of a number of places on the wider Coats estate. The name Coats most likely comes from the Scots word cot(t), meaning "cottage", although an alternative theory links it to the name of the Colt family, who owned land here as early as the 13th century.
Early history: from Bronze Age to Middle Ages
Settlement of the Coatbridge area dates back 3000 years to the Mesolithic Age. A circle of Bronze Age stone coffins was found on the Drumpellier estate in 1852. A number of other Bronze Age urns and relics have been found in Coatbridge. An Iron Age wood and thatch crannog dwelling was sited in the loch at the present day Drumpellier Country Park. Dependent upon the water level in the loch, the remains can still be seen.
Middle Ages to late 18th century
The Monklands area inherited its name after the area was granted to the Cistercian monks of Newbattle Abbey by King Malcolm IV in 1162. In 1323, the Monklands name appeared for the first time on Stewards' charter. The Monks mined coal and farmed the land until the time of the reformation when the land was taken from them and given to private landowners. In 1641, the parish of Monklands was divided between New Monkland (present day Airdrie) and Old Monkland (present day Coatbridge). In 1745, Bonnie Prince Charlie's Jacobite army seized Coatbridge from government troops on their march to Edinburgh in an action described as the "Canter of Coatbridge". Coatbridge was described in the 1799 Statistical Account as an "immense garden" with "extensive orchards" and "luxurious crops", where "rivers abound with salmon".
The Monkland Canal was constructed at the end of the 18th century initially to transport coal to Glasgow from the rich local deposits. The invention of the hot blast furnace process in 1828 meant that Coatbridge's ironstone deposits could be exploited to the maximum by the canal link and hot blast process. The new advances meant that iron could be produced with two-thirds less fuel. Summerlee Iron Works was one of the first iron works to use this technology. By the mid 19th century there were numerous hot blast furnaces in operation in Coatbridge.
The prosperous industry which had sprung up around the new iron industry required vast numbers of largely unskilled workers to mine ironstone and work in the blast furnace plants. Coatbridge therefore became a popular destination for vast numbers of Irish (especially from County Donegal in Ulster) arriving in Scotland. The iron bars and plates produced in Coatbridge iron works were the raw materials needed throughout the British Empire for railways, construction, bridge building and shipbuilding. One example of uses Coatbridge iron was put to included armour plating for British ships fighting in the Crimean War.
Over the course of the following forty years, the population of Coatbridge grew by 600%. The character of the Coatbridge area changed from a rural, Presbyterian landscape of small hamlets and farmhouses into a crowded, polluted, Irish Catholic industrial town. In 1840, Rev William Park wrote that:
'The population of this parish is at present advancing at an amazing rate, and this propensity is entirely owing to the local coal and iron trade, stimulated by the discovery of the black band of ironstone and the method of fusing iron by hot blast. New villages are springing up almost every month, and it is impossible to keep place with the march of prosperity and the increase of the population.'
One contemporary observer at this time noted that Coatbridge is "not famous for its sylvan beauties of its charming scenery" and "offers the visitor no inducements to loiter long". However, "a visit to the large Gartsherrie works is one of the sights of a lifetime".
Most of the town's population lived in tight rows of terraced houses built under the shadow of the iron works. These homes were often owned by their employers. Living conditions for most were appalling and tuberculosis was rife.
For a fortunate few though, fortunes could be won "with a rapidity only equalled by the princely gains of some of the adventurers who accompanied Pizarro to Peru", noted one observer. Among the most notable success stories were the six sons of Coatbridge farmer Alexander Baird. The Baird family had become involved in coal mining but opened an iron foundry in order to exploit the new hot blast process of iron smelting invented by James Beaumont Neilson. The Bairds subsequently constructed numerous iron foundries in Coatbridge including the famous Gartsherrie iron works. The waste heap or 'bing' from the Baird's Gartsherrie works was said to be as large as the great pyramid in Egypt. One son, James Baird, was responsible for erecting 16 blast-furnaces in Coatbridge between 1830 and 1842. Each of the six sons of Alexander Baird was reputed to have become a millionaire.
The town was vividly described by Robert Baird in 1845:
"There is no worse place out of hell than that neighbourhood. At night the groups of blast furnaces on all sides might be imagined to be blazing volcanoes at most of which smelting is continued on Sundays and weekdays, day and night, without intermission. From the town comes a continual row of heavy machinery: this and the pounding of many steam hammers seemed to make even the very ground vibrate under ones feet. Fire, smoke and soot with the roar and rattle of machinery are its leading characteristics; the flames of its furnaces cast on the midnight sky a glow as if of some vast conflagration. Dense clouds of black smoke roll over it incessantly and impart to all buildings a peculiarly dingy aspect. A coat of black dust overlies everything."
In the 19th century, the Baird family wielded a pervasive influence over Coatbridge. They were responsible for the design of the lay out of present-day Coatbridge town centre. The land for the Town Hall and the land which later came to form Dunbeth Park was given to the town by the Bairds. Gartsherrie church was built by the Baird family, the oldest and most significant landmark in the town. Despite being Protestant, the Bairds donated the site on the Main Street for the erection of St Patrick's Catholic Church.
Daniel (Dane) Sinclair, an engineer with the National Telephone Company, based in Glasgow, patented the automatic telephone switchboard. This system was installed in Coatbridge in 1886 and became the world's first automatic telephone exchange.
By 1885, the once plentiful Monklands ironstone deposits had been largely exhausted. It became increasingly expensive to produce iron in Coatbridge as raw materials had to be imported from as far afield as Spain. The growth of the steel industry (in nearby Motherwell) had also led to a start of a decline in demand for the pig iron Coatbridge produced. Living conditions remained grim. In the 1920s, Lloyd George's "Coal and Power" report described the living conditions in the Rosehall area of Coatbridge:
"...on the outskirts of Coatbridge, I found nearly the worst of all. In each of these single rooms lives a miner's family. There is no pantry. The coal is kept under the bed. Water has to be obtained from a standpipe outside, used by a number of houses. Conspicuously huddled together in the yards are filthy huts for sanitary purposes."
George Orwell's book The Road to Wigan Pier was illustrated by a photograph of homes in the Rosehall area of Coatbridge. In 1934, there was an exodus to Corby in England when the local Union Plant relocated. This had the effect of a hammer blow impact on the town's iron industry and ushered in the end of serious iron production. The decline of the Clydeside shipbuilding industry in the 1950s meant the demand for iron finally collapsed. A legacy of 'devastating' unemployment, appalling housing conditions and some of the worst overcrowding in Scotland left its stamp on the Coatbridge of the early 1930s. As late as 1936, Coatbridge was the most overcrowded place in Scotland.
In the 1930s and 1950s, however, massive state-sponsored programmes saw thousands of new homes built in Coatbridge and some of the worst examples of slum housing were cleared away. By the early 1980s, 85% of homes in Coatbridge were part of local authority housing stock.
The last of the blast furnaces, William Baird's famous Gartsherrie works, closed in 1967.
Since the 1970s, there have been various initiatives to attempt to regenerate Coatbridge. Urban Aid grants, European Union grants and, more recently, Social Inclusion Partnerships have attempted to breathe new life into Coatbridge. Despite these efforts the town's population has continued to fall and, in recent years, the town has been dubbed the "most dismal in Scotland".
At Central Lowlands. The town lies 88 metres (288 ft) above sea level, 9 miles (14.5 km) east of Glasgow, 6 miles (10 km) south of Cumbernauld and 2 miles (3 km) west of Airdrie. Although Coatbridge has no major river running through it, the North Calder Water runs east–west to the south and the now defunct Monkland Canal used to run straight through the centre of the town toward Glasgow. The canal route through Coatbridge can still be seen today. Several smaller burns run through Coatbridge, most of which drain into the North Calder Water. Coatbridge has four significant public parks: Dunbeth Park, West End Park, Whifflet park and Drumpellier Country Park. Lochend Loch (locally known as Drumpellier Loch) and Woodend Loch are situated on the north-west edge of Coatbridge.(55.861°, -4.047°), Coatbridge is situated in Scotland's
The topography of Coatbridge was an important feature in the town's development during the industrial revolution. Coatbridge rests 60 metres below the "Slamannan plateau" and neighbouring Airdrie sits on its edge. The low-lying flat ground of Coatbridge was a vital factor in the siting of the town's blast furnaces and the Monkland Canal route. Although Airdrie was an already established town and had local supplies of ironstone, the Monkland Canal link did not extend into Airdrie because of its higher elevation. The Clyde Valley plan of 1949 described Coatbridge as 'situated over a flooded coalfield'. Tenement buildings in Coatbridge were not built to the same level as Glasgow tenements due to danger of local subsidence from centuries of local mining.
Dunbeth Hill where the present local authority municipal buildings stand is a wedge of rock which was probably squeezed upwards by the force of two (now-extinct) fault lines. There are the remains of spreads of glacial sands along the crest of Drumpellier, the west bank of Gartsherrie Burn and along modern day Bank Street. Kirkwood, Kirkshaws and Shawhead sit on a sandstone capped ridge looking south over the Clyde Valley. The vital Coatbridge black band coal field extended from Langloan to beyond the eastern edge of the town.
Like much of the British Isles, Coatbridge experiences a temperate maritime climate with relatively cool summers and mild winters. The prevailing wind is from the west. Regular but generally light precipitation occurs throughout the year.
Coatbridge is the home of one of Scotland's most visited museums, Summerlee Museum of Scottish Industrial Life, which contains an insight into the lives of working people in the West of Scotland. A miners' row of 1900s–1980s houses, a working tramway and a reconstruction coal mine can all be experienced on site. The museum is situated on the remains of one of Coatbridge's historic blast furnaces, now a Scheduled Monument.
Literature, theatre and film
Janet Hamilton, the nineteenth century poet and essayist, died in Langloan in 1873. Present-day writers Anne Donovan (Orange prize winner), Brian Conaghan (the author of three novels 'The Boy Who Made it Rain' (2011) 'When Mr Dog Bites' (2014) and 'The Bombs That Brought Us Together' (2016)) and award-winning author Des Dillon are all from Coatbridge. Coatbridge has regularly featured in Des Dillon's work. Two of his books about Coatbridge have been turned into plays.
Mark Millar is a Coatbridge comic book writer whose Wanted comic book series has been translated into a feature film starring Angelina Jolie and Morgan Freeman, as well as the highly successful graphic novel Kickass which was adapted into the successful film of the same name in 2010. Coatbridge-born Dame Laurentia McLachlan was the Benedictine abbess of the Stanbrook Community whose correspondence with George Bernard Shaw and Sydney Cockerell was the subject of the film The Best of Friends.
Coatbridge is also home to the annual Deep Fried Film Festival. Local filmmakers Duncan and Wilma Finnigan have been described by The List as 'the John Cassavetes and Gena Rowlands of Coatbridge'.
Thomas McAleese (alias Dean Ford) was the lead singer of The Marmalade who had a UK number one single in 1969 with a cover of The Beatles' "Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da" and co-wrote "Reflections of My Life", Marmalade's biggest worldwide success. Coatbridge brothers Greg Kane and Pat Kane are the band Hue and Cry. Coatbridge born Alan Frew is the ex-pat lead singer of Canadian group Glass Tiger. Cha Burns (deceased), Jimme O'Neill and JJ Gilmour of The Silencers are from Coatbridge. Coatbridge sisters Fran and Anna were a famous duo on the Scottish traditional music scene. Cousins Ted and Hugh McKenna, of Tear Gas and the Sensational Alex Harvey Band, and Hugh's sister, Mae McKenna, a folk singer and renowned session singer, came from the Kirkshaws area of Coatbridge.
Coatbridge and Ireland
Coatbridge is especially noted for its historical links with Ireland. This is largely due to large scale immigration into the town from Ulster (especially from County Donegal) in the 19th century and throughout most of the 20th century. Indeed, the town has been called "little Ireland".
The most obvious manifestation of these links can be seen in the annual St Patrick's Day Festival. The festival is sponsored by the Irish Government and Guinness. The festival runs for over a fortnight and includes lectures, film shows, dance/Gaelic football competitions and music performances. The festival is the largest Irish celebration in Scotland.
The Coatbridge accent has been categorised as making less use of the Scots tongue and exhibiting a tendency to stress the "a" vowel differently from general Scots usage. Examples of this are seen in the pronunciation of the words stair ("sterr"), hair ("herr"), fair ("ferr") and chair ("cherr"). This different enunciation has been attributed to the impact of successive influxes of Ulster Catholic immigrants into Coatbridge. However, the distinctiveness of the Coatbridge accent and pronunciation has diminished as the various surrounding populations (especially Glasgow) have mingled with that of Coatbridge.
Coatbridge's local football team is Albion Rovers. Albion Rovers play in Scottish League Two, and Cliftonhill is where they play their home games. The "Wee Rovers" were founded in 1882 when two local Coatbridge clubs, Rovers and Albion, amalgamated to form the club bearing the name.
Coatbridge CC a local amateur club founded in 1976 became Scottish Champions in 1986 and again in 1988.
Drumpellier Cricket Club has been in continuous existence for over 150 years and the club has a ground in the Drumpellier area.
Greyhound and speedway racing also took part in the town, using the Albion Rovers FC ground. Greyhound Racing began on 11 December 1931 and lasted until 1986. The Edinburgh Monarchs rode there in 1968–69 (as the Coatbridge Monarchs) after losing their track at Meadowbank Stadium to the developers for the 1970 Commonwealth Games. Glasgow Tigers moved from Hampden Park to Coatbridge in 1973, and stayed there until June 1977, when they were forced out by the greyhound racing.
Coatbridge was the home of former boxer Bert Gilroy, Scotland's longest-reigning champion. Coatbridge is also home to the former WBO Super-featherweight, lightweight and light-welterweight world champion Ricky Burns. Walter Donaldson, former World Snooker champion, also hailed from Coatbridge.
There are two golf courses: the municipal course bordering Drumpellier Country Park and the nearby private member's club Drumpellier Golf Course. Clare Queen, Scotland's number one female golfer on the women's European tour, is from Coatbridge.
Coat of arms
Coatbridge was given burgh status in 1885, and was granted a coat of arms by the Lord Lyon in 1892. The arms have a black field and on it a flaming tower to represent a blast furnace and Coatbridge's industrial tradition. The crest is a monk holding a stone in his left hand. The stone relates to the old parish of Monklands and the legend of the "aul' kirk stane". The legend of the "aul' kirk stane" is that a pilgrim undertaking a penance from Glasgow carried a stone in the direction of Monklands. When he could carry the stone no further (or in another version of the legend, when an angel spoke to him) he laid the stone down. It was where the stone came to rest that he was to build a church. The church is the present-day Old Monkland Kirk, at which the alleged stone can still be seen.
The Latin motto Laborare est orare translates as "to work is to pray", which originated in the writings of St Benedict and is commonly associated with the Cistercian Order, whose monks came to Monklands in the 12th century.
Coatbridge is represented by three tiers of elected government. North Lanarkshire Council, the unitary local authority for Coatbridge, is based at Motherwell, and is the executive, deliberative and legislative body responsible for local governance. The Scottish Parliament is responsible for devolved matters such as education, health and justice, while reserved matters are dealt with by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Up until 1975, Coatbridge had its own Burgh Council based at Coatbridge Town Hall. Between 1975 and 1996, Coatbridge was part of Monklands District Council and Strathclyde Regional Council. During the campaign for the 1994 by-election in Monklands East of 1994, there were accusations of sectarianism and nepotism in favour of Coatbridge over neighbouring Airdrie by Monklands District Council (see Monklandsgate for more information). The fact that all seventeen Labour councillors were Roman Catholic led to Coatbridge being seen as a "Catholic town". Subsequent inquiries showed no evidence of sectarianism, but allegations of nepotism were shown to be true.
Coatbridge is presently part of the burgh constituency of Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill, electing one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Before the constituency's creation in 2005, Coatbridge lay in the Coatbridge and Chryston constituency. Steven Bonnar of the Scottish National Party has been the MP since the 2019 general election. For the purposes of the Scottish Parliament, Coatbridge forms part of the Coatbridge and Cryston constituency, which is represented by Fulton MacGregor of the Scottish National Party. Coatbridge is further represented by seven regional MSPs from the Central Scotland electoral region. A small part of the eastern fringes of the town forms part of the Airdrie and Shotts constituency which is represented by Alex Neil in the Scottish Parliament and Neil Gray in the Westminster Parliament, both of the SNP.
Notable politicians from Coatbridge include: Baroness Liddell, a former Member of Parliament (MP) who was formerly both Secretary of State for Scotland and Britain's High Commissioner in Australia, and Lord Reid, also a former MP who was the former Secretary of State for Northern Ireland and Home Secretary. Lord Reid is a former Chairman of Celtic.
- Coatbridge North (2019 population 15,146): Townhead, Greenhill, Sunnyside, Dunbeth, Blairhill, Drumpellier, Clinftonville, town centre
- Coatbridge South (2019 population 16,889): Greenend, Sikeside, Whifflet, Kirkshaws, Shawhead and Carnbroe
- Coatbridge West (2019 population 14,910): Kirkwood, Dundyvan, Langloan, Old Monkland, Barrowfield plus Bargeddie
|Over 75 years old||6.1%||5.6%||7.1%|
According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, the census locality of Coatbridge had a total resident population of 41,170, or 13% of the total of North Lanarkshire. This figure, combined with an area of 6.818 square miles (17.7 km2), provides Coatbridge with a population density figure of 6,038 inhabitants per square mile (2,331/km2).
The median ages of males and females living in Coatbridge were 35 and 38 years respectively, compared to 37 and 39 years in the whole of Scotland. 34% were married, 6.1% were cohabiting couples, 14.7% were single parent families and 32.5% of households were made up of individuals.
The place of birth of the town's residents was as follows: 98.7% United Kingdom (including 96% from Scotland), 0.32% Republic of Ireland, 0.30% from other European Union countries, and 0.72% from elsewhere in the world. The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 39.3% in full-time employment, 9.4% in part-time employment, 3.6% self-employed, 5.3% unemployed, 2.5% students with jobs, 3.2% students without jobs, 13.4% retired, 5.7% looking after home or family, 12.0% permanently sick or disabled, and 5.7% economically inactive for other reasons. Compared with the average demography of Scotland, Coatbridge has low proportions of people born outside the United Kingdom, and people over 75 years of age.
During the 19th century, Irish people began to arrive in large numbers in Coatbridge. The 1851 UK Census recorded that Irish people constituted 35.8% of the local population. A significant proportion of these immigrants were Protestant, but the majority were Catholic. By 1901 UK Census, the percentage of Irish-born people in Coatbridge had fallen to around 15%, but remained the highest of all the major towns in Scotland. In the 2001 UK Census, Irish ethnicity was recorded at just over 1%, although just over half the population claimed their religious denomination as Roman Catholicism. In 1985, 56% of the population of Coatbridge were Roman Catholic.
In 2006, Coatbridge (along with Port Glasgow and Clydebank) was identified as "the least Scottish town in Scotland" due to having the highest percentage of Irish names in the country. Reportedly more than 28% of adults in Coatbridge had names with Irish origins.
Other immigrants to Coatbridge have included in the 1880s a small number of Lithuanians. In 1905, part of a "wave" of immigrants from Monte Cassino in Italy settled in Coatbridge. A small number of Polish people had stayed in Coatbridge after a Polish tank regiment was stationed in the town during World War II.
21st century Coatbridge is the site of Scotland's inland container base; it was chosen as the site in part due to the proximity of various rail and motorway networks. Makers of PA systems and loudspeakers Tannoy Ltd. are headquartered in the town. Lees of Scotland is a local confectionery and bakery products company and are the manufacturers of the Lees Macaroon bar, and has been operating in Coatbridge since 1931. William Lawson's Scotch Whisky distillery has been located in the town since 1967. It was home to one of the first B&Q Depots, which was closed in 2006 and moved to the new retail park. The oldest family business in Coatbridge and Airdrie is funeral directors Donald McLaren Ltd, which was founded in 1912.
In terms of housing, property prices in Coatbridge have undergone rapid growth since 2000. In 2005, house prices rose by 35%, reportedly the largest such increase in Scotland.
The built environment around Coatbridge's town centre is a mixture of late 19th- and early 20th-century sandstone buildings and late 20th-century precast concrete shops. The leafy Blairhill and Dunbeth conservation areas to the west and north of the town centre comprise detached, semi-detached and terraced sandstone residential buildings. The bulk of the remaining surrounding areas consist of various 20th-century local authority housing buildings. Several high rise flats dominate the skyline. Due to the decline of industries, several private housing estates have been built on reclaimed land.
In 2007, Coatbridge was awarded Prospect architecture magazine's carbuncle award for being the 'most dismal town in Scotland'. The town was also described by Scottish comedian Frankie Boyle as 'like Bladerunner... without the special effects'.
Drumpellier Country Park is set around Lochend Loch (more commonly known to locals as 'Drumpellier Loch'). There are extensive woodlands, a visitor centre and a butterfly house. Monkland Canal runs through a section of the park.
The Time Capsule is a multi-purpose leisure centre containing a swimming pool, an adventure pool set in a prehistoric environment, an ice skating facility, sauna/steam room and a sports complex with gym halls and other facilities. The Showcase Leisure Park contains a 14-screen cinema, a 10-pin bowling complex and numerous restaurants.
Landmarks in Coatbridge include:
- Coatbridge Leisure Centre – Peter Womersley 1970s brutalist, modernist cantilevered building sited on the main road into Coatbridge
- The former Coatbridge Library – an Andrew Carnegie-sponsored 1905 pink sandstone structure. Imposing B-listed structure sited on Academy Street
- St Augustine's Church and buildings – Built in 1873 and located in the Dundyvan area. A red sandstone B-listed Rowand Anderson Gothic church
- The Quadrant Shopping Centre - Has been described in one article: '...from the set of Camberwick Green. A new clock tower, which looks as if it was designed on the back of a beer mat, marks the town centre, a throwaway gesture compounded by the addition of some appalling public art-cum street furniture'
- St Andrew's Church – 1839 early Victorian Gothic church by Scott Stephen & Gale in the Whitelaw hill area. Its steeple towers over the town centre.
- Coatbridge railway bridges – The B-listed 1898 bridges span Bank Street, West Canal Street and the former Monkland Canal. The bridges underwent specialist restoration in 2009
- St Mary's Church – B-listed Gothic church in Whifflet designed by Pugin and Pugin in 1896. Contains an elaborate and ornate interior ceiling.
- The former Cattle Market Building – erected in 1896, B-listed façade of the sandstone cattle market building, facing West Canal Street and within the Blairhill and Dunbeth conservation area
- Summerlee Heritage Park 2008 extension – Spaceship style glass and metal addition to existing building by North Lanarkshire Council's in-house Design Services Team
The Monkland Canal (completed 1791) was used in the 19th and 20th century to transport coal and iron to Glasgow. The town centre section of the canal was interred in pipe between Sikeside and Blair Road in the mid-1970s. Some sections of the Monkland Canal can still be seen today between Townhead and Drumpellier. Coatbridge is adjacent to the M8 and M73 motorways. The M74 motorway is also a short drive away. The major cities of Edinburgh, Stirling and Glasgow are all within commuting distance.
Due to the number of rail lines running through Coatbridge, it was once dubbed the "Crewe of the North". There are six railway stations on the four railway lines that bisect the town: Motherwell-Cumbernauld Line; Argyle Line; Whifflet Line; and North Clyde Line. The six stations within Coatbridge and on these lines are: Blairhill; Coatbridge Central; Coatbridge Sunnyside; Coatdyke; Kirkwood; and Whifflet.
Coatbridge has had additional passenger stations, such as Langloan and Calder Station (Greenend); these stations have been closed for many years.
McGill's Buses are responsible for most of the bus services in the town, after buying out most of the smaller local companies. The buses are all in Go Zone 8 on the McGill's network. The buses link all the major neighbourhoods with the 212 continuing on to Airdrie, Plains and Caldercruix.
The earliest map showing Coatbridge is by Timothy Pont, published in Johan Blaeu's Nether warde of Clyds-dail (1654). The districts of Dunpelder (Drumpellier), Gartsbary (Gartsherrie), Kanglon (Langloan), Kirkwood, Kirkshawes (Kirkshaws) and Wheetflet (Whifflet) are all evident.
The present day neighbourhoods of Coatbridge are Barrowfield, Blairhill, Brownshill, Carnbroe, Cliftonhill, Cliftonville, Coatbank, Coatdyke, Cuparhead, Drumpellier, Dunbeth, Dundyvan, Espieside, Gartsherrie, Greenhill, Greenend, Kirkshaws, Kirkwood, Langloan, Old Monkland, Rosehall, Shawhead, Sikeside, Summerlee, Sunnyside, Townhead and Whifflet. The Blairhill and Dunbeth neighbourhoods are part of the Blairhill and Dunbeth conservation area.
The Whitelaw Fountain (named in honour of Alexander Whitelaw, an industrialist and MP) is situated in the town centre on the corner of Main Street and South Circular Road, but was formerly about 50 m west, at what is now the centre of a roundabout.
Coatbridge College was built as Scotland's first college in the 1860s. As Coatbridge has moved away from the traditional heavy industries the teaching focus has shifted from traditional industry courses towards commerce, care and the arts. After resisting previous mergers, it became a campus of the multi-site New College Lanarkshire in 2014.
St Ambrose High School (which opened a new building in 2013), St Andrew's High School (which opened in 2006 following a merger of the defunct Columba H.S. and St Patrick's H.S.) and Coatbridge High School (new building opened in 2008 on the site of St Patrick's previous campus – Coatbridge's old campus is now occupied by Greenhill Primary and Drumpark Primary) are the main secondary schools serving the town. The first two are Roman Catholic; it is one of few places in Scotland where the number of denominational schools is greater than non-denominational. St Ambrose was the subject of an HMI follow-up assessment visit in January 2009. Sports journalist and broadcaster Bob Crampsey was formerly headmaster of St Ambrose, prominent football referee Willie Collum taught religious education at the school in the early 2000s, and singer/television presenter Michelle McManus is among the former pupils. Rosehall H.S. was a previous school in the town, whose pupils now typically attend Coatbridge.
Coatbridge also has several special needs schools including Pentland School (primary school), Portland High School, Drumpark School (now primary department only), Willowbank School (high school) and Buchanan High School.
Coatbridge forms part of the Western water and sewerage regions of Scotland. Waste management is provided by the North Lanarkshire local authority. Water supplies are provided by Scottish Water, a government-owned corporation of the Scottish Government. Coatbridge's distribution network operator for electricity is Scottish Power. Coatbridge is served by Monklands Hospital, sited on the Airdrie side of the Coatbridge/Airdrie border. The NHS board is NHS Lanarkshire. Scottish Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service which operates in Coatbridge. Policing in Coatbridge is provided by the Police Service of Scotland (Lanarkshire Division). The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport, a public body in Scotland, has direct operational responsibilities, such as supporting (and in some cases running) local bus services, and managing integrated ticketing in Coatbridge and other areas from the former Strathclyde region. Transport Scotland manages the local rail network.
The local authority responsible for community-based service in Coatbridge is North Lanarkshire Council. The council provides local services related to education, social work, the environment, housing, road maintenance and leisure.
- Admiral Sir James Stirling, first Governor of Western Australia
- Rev William Currie McDougall, poet and subject of the Coatbridge Free Church scandal
- Jock Cunningham, miner, mutineer and Republican Brigade commander during the Spanish Civil War
- Alan Frew, songwriter and lead vocalist for Canadian band Glass Tiger
- Anti-child sexual abuse and bullying activist, Sandra Brown, attended Coatbridge High School
- Rev Dr Peter Marshall (27 May 1902 – 26 January 1949) Chaplain of the United States Senate, whose biography was the basis of the Oscar-nominated film A Man Called Peter, was born in Coatbridge
- Robert Lees, member of the Wisconsin State Senate
- Willie McDonald, footballer for Manchester United and Coventry City
- Cha Burns (1957–2007), guitarist with the Scottish folk band, The Silencers
- JJ Gilmour, vocalist with the Scottish folk band, The Silencers
- John "Jock" Stein (footballer and football manager) who led Celtic to the European Cup in 1967, the first British club to win this trophy, played for Albion Rovers
- Prof James Clark Gentles FRSE, first specialist in fungal diseases of the human body
- George Graham (footballer and football manager) played with Aston Villa, Chelsea, Arsenal, Manchester United and managed Arsenal and Tottenham Hotspur lived in Bargeddie
- Hue and Cry a successful band from the 1980s; brothers Greg and Pat Kane are from the Blairhill area of Coatbridge
- Frank Gallagher, actor (River City, Taggart, etc.) was born in Coatbridge
- Bill Carroll, radio host
- Heather Suttie, DJ and radio presenter
- Gerry Maher QC (Jurist), Professor of Criminal Law, University of Edinburgh, attended St Patrick's High School
- Neil Walker (Jurist), Professor of Public Law and the Law of Nure and Nations, University of Edinburgh attended Coatbridge High School
- Mark Kerr, Scottish footballer, played for Aberdeen, currently Ayr United manager
- Iain Munro (footballer) St Mirren, Hibernian, Rangers, Sunderland, Stoke and Scotland, taught at Coatbridge High School
- Hugh Murray, rugby union player
- Johnny Russell, Dundee United footballer attended Coatbridge High School
- Joe Kissock, former New Zealand international footballer
- Ricky Burns (boxer), World Super Featherweight, Lightweight, Super Lightweight Champion
- Tony Watt, former Celtic FC striker, scored for Celtic in win against Barcelona in 2012, now plays for Motherwell
- Mark Millar, writer (Wanted, Kick-Ass, Super Crooks and many other creator owned, Marvel & DC titles)
- Jock Kane, intelligence officer and GCHQ whistleblower
- Joseph Parker (mining engineer) FRSE born in Coatbridge
- Mark Meechan (Count Dankula), YouTuber and politician
- Stephen Trainer, football player
- Stephen Welsh, football player
Coatbridge is twinned with:
- The Online Scots Dictionary
- Scottish Place Names in Scots Scots Language Centre
- "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
- "Locality and settlement population 2016". North Lanarkshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
- Coatbridge (Images of Scotland) By Helen Moir. The History Press (2001). ISBN 0-7524-2132-8
- Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland (1994) Eds. J & J Keay, HarperCollins Publishers, p.175
- Drummond, Peter (2014). An analysis of toponyms and toponymic patterns in eight parishes of the upper Kelvin basin (PDF) (PhD). Glasgow University. pp. 392–94.
- "Lanarkshire". Scottish Place-Name Society. Archived from the original on 8 May 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- "Monklands Timeline". Monklands Memories. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
- The Raddle – Journal of Monklands Historical Society; Volume 10, September 2005.
- Lanarkshire – An Inventory Of The Prehistoric And Roman Monuments – Royal Commission On The Ancient And Historical Monuments Of Scotland. HMSO – RCHMS, Edinburgh. 1978. pp. 40, 71, 75
- Helen Moir, Coatbridge (Images of Scotland) The History Press (2001) ISBN 0-7524-2132-8; pg. 7
- Anne S. Robertson. "Roman Coins found in Scotland, 1961–70" (PDF). Archaeology Data Service. University of York. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
- "APPLICATION NO. S/041/00130/0UT – REPORT" (PDF). Residential Planning Application Refusal. North Lanarkshire Council. 8 July 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
- Scottish Burgh and County Heraldry – RM Urqhuart. Heraldry Today (1973); pg. 188
- Helen Moir: Coatbridge (Images of Scotland), The History Press (2001) ISBN 0-7524-2132-8; pg. 7
- Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland (1994) Eds. J & J Keay, HarperCollinsPublishers, pg. 175
- "Coatbridge". Frost's Scottish Gazette. Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
- "Parish of Old or West Monkland, Statistical Account 1799". Edinburgh University. Retrieved 28 May 2008.[dead link]
- Drummond, Peter and James Smith (1982). Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change. Monkland Library Services; pg. 15
- Miller, Thomas Roland (1958) The Monkland Tradition; Thomas Nelson and Sons, pg. 26
- "Summerlee Iron Works – Graces Guide". www.gracesguide.co.uk. Grace's Guide Ltd. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
- Miller, Thomas Roland (1958) The Monkland Tradition; Thomas Nelson and Sons, pg. 36
- Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland (1994) Eds. J & J Keay, Harper Collins Publishers, pg. 175
- Historical, biographical and literary sketches of Glasgow and Lanarkshire, part 1&2. Hamilton herald printing and publishing. 1904, pg. 26
- Historical, Biographical and Literary Sketches of Glasgow and Lanarkshire, Part 1&2. Hamilton Herald Printing and Publishing. 1904. p26
- Peden, Allan (1992) The Monklands: Illustrated Architectural Guide, Edinburgh: RIAS; pg. 38
- Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change – Peter Drummond and James Smith, Monkland Library Services, 1982
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 603. .
- Quoted in "The County of Lanark" by George Thomson (Collins, 1960), pg. 32
- "The Political Meaning of the Great Strike". The Communist Party of Great Britain. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change – Peter Drummond and James Smith, Monkland Library Services, 1982; p.39
- "Frost's Scottish Gazette". Retrieved 10 February 2009.[dead link]
- The Oxford Companion to Scottish History, Michael Lynch (ed.) OUP Oxford (2007); pg. 394
- The Monklands: Illustrated Architectural Guide by Peden, Allan (pg. 38), RIAS, Edinburgh; 1992
- Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change – Peter Drummond and James Smith, Monkland Library Services, 1982; pg. 42
- "Coatbridge named Scotland's most dismal town". Airdrie & Coatbridge Advertiser. Scottish & Universal Newspapers. 29 November 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2009.[dead link]
- Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change – Peter Drummond and James Smith, Monkland Library Services, 1982. P.7
- Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change – Peter Drummond and James Smith (Monkland Library Services, 1982) p.25
- Drummond, Peter and James Smith (1982). Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change. Monkland Library Services, p.40
- Historical, Biographical and Literary Sketches of Glasgow and Lanarkshire, Parts 1 & 2. Hamilton Herald Printing and Publishing. 1904. pg. 101
- "Writers – Des Dillon". British Council. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2008.
- "Theatre review: Monks". EdinburghGuide.com. 18 March 2007. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
- "The Best of Friends". IMDb.com. Retrieved 12 February 2009.
- "Duncan and Wilma Finnigan – A couple of auteurs". The List. 16 August 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
The John Cassavetes and Gena Rowlands of Coatbridge
- The population of Monklands by Peter Drummond. Monkland District Library Services. 1985, pg. 7
- Burrell, Kathy and Panikos Panayi (2003) Histories and Memories: Migrants and Their History in Britain. I.B. Tauris & Co, pg. 238
- Bradley, Joseph M. (2008), "Celtic Football Club, Irish Ethnicity, and Scottish Society" In: New Hibernia Review, vol. 12, 1, Earrach/Spring 2008, pp. 96-110.
- "Irishinbritain.com". Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- "Glasgow Herald". Herald Scotland. Archived from the original on 4 August 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- "What's On – St Patrick's Day Festival Coatbridge 2008 – 29 February to 15 March 2008". Lanarkshire.com. Retrieved 18 March 2009.
- Celtic Minded – Joseph M. Bradley (Ed.)
- The Population of Monklands in the 1980s Monkland Library Services Dept. (1985), pg. 7
- "History". Albion Rovers FC. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Greyhound Racing History". Archived from the original on 2 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
- "Club Information". Edinburgh Speedway. Archived from the original on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "History". Glasgow Tigers. Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- "Google news archives".
- "Past players – Walter Donaldson". World Snooker. 11 November 2010. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Clare's aiming to be queen of the European golf tour". Airdrie & Coatbridge Advertiser. Scottish & Universal Newspapers. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2009.
- Scottish Burgh and County Heraldry – RM Urqhuart. Heraldry Today (1973), pg. 188
- "Reserved and Devolved Matters". Scotland Office. Archived from the original on 4 October 2006. Retrieved 14 November 2006.
- "Candidates and Constituency Assessments". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 24 January 2009.
- Bruce, et al; Sectarianism in Scotland, Edinburgh University Press: 2004
- "Central Scotland Regional MSPs". Scottish Parliament. 19 May 2006. Archived from the original on 19 May 2006. Retrieved 28 May 2008.
- Electoral Ward: Coatbridge North, Scottish Government Statistics
- Electoral Ward: Coatbridge South, Scottish Government Statistics
- Electoral Ward: Coatbridge West, Scottish Government Statistics
- "Comparative Population Profile: Coatbridge Locality Scotland". Scottish Census Results OnLine. General Register Office for Scotland. 2001. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- "Comparative Population Profile: North Lanarkshire Council Area Scotland". Scottish Census Results OnLine. General Register Office for Scotland. 2001. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- "Comparative Employment Profile: Coatbridge Locality Scotland". Scottish Census Results OnLine. General Register Office for Scotland. 2001. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- "Comparative Population Profile: Coatbridge Locality Scotland". Scottish Census Results OnLine. General Register Office for Scotland. 2001. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- List of census localities in Scotland: North Lanarkshire Wikipedia
- Old Coatbridge. Stenlake Publishing (2000) Oliver Van Helden. p3
- Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change – Peter Drummond and James Smith (Monkland Library Services, 1982) p.44
- "Comparative Household Profile: Coatbridge Locality, Scotland". Scottish Census Results OnLine. General Register Office for Scotland. 2001. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- The Irish in Scotland by James Handley, 1962
- Gutcher, Lianne (11 September 2006). "Island takes title of most Scottish place..." Scotsman.com. Johnston Publishing. Retrieved 26 January 2009.
- "Barra – the most Scottish place in Scotland" (PDF). Sunday Times. Origins Info. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2009.
- "The Raddler" – The Journal of Monklands Historical Society. Vol. 4, September 1999 (pg. 21)
- "More of the same please, for Lees". Daily Record. 21 July 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- "William Lawson's Blended Scotch Whisky". ScotchWhisky.net. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Scots towns head house price list". BBC News. 24 December 2005. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- "Frankie Goes to Coatbridge". Urban Realm. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Academy Street, Carnegie Library, including Boundary Wall and Gatepiers (Category B Listed Building) (LB23012)". Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- "Sir Robert Rowand Anderson". Edinburgh Architecture. Retrieved 27 January 2009.
- "Scots blots on landscape". Daily Record. Media Scotland. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- "Coatbridge Bridges Enjoy a Full Makeover". Airdrie & Coatbridge Advertiser. Scottish & Universal Newspapers. 21 January 2009. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2009.
- "Building Talk". Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2009.
- "Overview of Coatbridge". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 11 January 2009.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Railway Bridge over Coatbridge Cross (Category B Listed Building) (LB49872)". Retrieved 22 March 2019.
- Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change – Peter Drummond and James Smith, Monkland Library Services, 1982 p8
- Scottish Executive (2009). "PLANNING APPEAL" (PDF). NHS Scotland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- Neighbourhoods and landmarks of Coatbridge Google Maps
- Coatbridge Campus, New College Lanarkshire
- New College Lanarkshire, College Development Network
- Our School, St.Ambrose High School
- Home, St Andrew's High School
- About Us, Coatbridge High School
- "HMI follow up report for St Ambrose High". North Lanarkshire Council. January 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2009.
- "Electricity Distribution Network Operators". Energylinx. 23 April 2007. Archived from the original on 14 January 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2008.
- "Who we are". Strathclyde Partnership for Transport. 5 September 2007. Archived from the original on 8 April 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
- Services North Lanarkshire Council
- "Obituary: Jock Kane". The Daily Telegraph. 20 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "MINUTE OF MEETING OF COATBRIDGE AREA COMMITTEE" (PDF). North Lanarkshire Council. 23 June 1998. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2009.
- Dillon, Des (2007) Monks, Luath Press Ltd
- Drummond, Peter and James Smith (1982) Coatbridge: Three Centuries of Change, Monkland Library Services
- Drummond, Peter (1985) The Population of Monklands in the 1980s, Monkland Library Services Dept
- Miller, Andrew (1864) The Rise of Coatbridge and the Surrounding Neighbourhood, Glasgow
- Miller, Thomas Roland (1958) The Monkland Tradition, Thomas Nelson and Sons
- Moir, Helen (2001) Coatbridge (Images of Scotland), The History Press; ISBN 0-7524-2132-8
- Van Helden, Oliver (2000) Old Coatbridge, Stenlake Publishing
- Coatbridge Museum
- Out of The Darkness Evening Times, 27 October 2008 – Article on Coatbridge's industrial past