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|• Total||760.27 km2 (293.54 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2014)|
|• Density||810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Vehicle registration||RE, GLA|
Recklinghausen (German pronunciation: [ʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzən]) is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Borken, Coesfeld, Unna, district-free cities Dortmund, Bochum, Herne, Essen, Gelsenkirchen and Bottrop, and the district Wesel.
In the medieval times, the area around Recklinghausen was known as 'Vest Recklinghausen', a territory which belonged to the Electorate of Cologne. From 1446 AD to 1576 AD, it was rented to the Lords of Gemen (now a part of the city Borken) and Schaumburg-Lippe. In 1811 AD, the territory was added to the Grand Duchy of Berg, and in 1815 AD it became a part of the Prussian Province of Westphalia.
The district was created in 1816 AD, and after several changes it got its present borders with the last reorganizations of 1975-76 AD. It is one of the oldest districts in Germany.
Coat of arms
|The coat of arms show a silver nettle leaf on green ground - the sign of the Herrlichkeit Lembeck, an Amt in the clerical state of Münster in the Recklinghausen area. The black cross is the sign of the bishops of Cologne who owned a big part of the district's area, the Vest Recklinghausen. The key inside the cross symbolizes St. Peter, the patron of Cologne.|
Media related to Kreis Recklinghausen at Wikimedia Commons: