Command & Conquer: Red Alert
|Command & Conquer: Red Alert|
Cover art (Windows 95 version)
Sony Computer Entertainment (PSN)
|Series||Command & Conquer|
Command & Conquer: Red Alert is a real-time strategy computer game of the Command & Conquer franchise, produced by Westwood Studios and released by Virgin Interactive in 1996. The second game to bear the "C&C" title, Red Alert is the prequel to the original Command & Conquer of 1995, and takes place in the alternate early history of Command & Conquer when Allied Forces battle an aggressive Soviet Union for control over the European mainland.
It was initially available for PC (MS-DOS and Windows 95 versions included in one package), and was subsequently ported to PlayStation. The PlayStation version was also re-released as a download on the PlayStation Network for PSP and PS3. On August 31, 2008, Electronic Arts who acquired Westwood Studios in 1998 officially rendered Command & Conquer: Red Alert freeware.
Red Alert was praised for its user interface, which claimed to be more developed than the competing games of its time. Players could queue commands, create unit groups that could be selected by a number key, and control numerous units at a time. The game was known to be easy to control, simple to learn and responsive to users' commands. It also featured two factions that had differing styles of play. Red Alert is also hailed as one of the first games to feature competitive online play. The single player campaign also received high praise for its detailed story line and missions, which often required the player to defeat the enemy with various sets of circumstances before continuing. Like Tiberian Dawn, the game has split routes for most missions. The objective stays the same but only the map layout differs. The single player campaign was also complemented by live action cinematic sequences that are a feature of all Command & Conquer RTS games since the original, except for Command & Conquer: Generals.
The game balance between the forces of the Allied and Soviet armies differed from other games at its time. Unlike the 'rock-paper-scissors' balancing of modern games, Red Alert required each player to use their side's strengths in order to compensate for their weaknesses. This stood in contrast to games such as Total Annihilation or Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness, in which both sides had units with similar abilities and relied instead on outnumbering or possessing a better balanced force than their opponent.
Players acquire credits to purchase structures and equipment by mining for ores and minerals (as the valuable, yet hazardous Tiberium in the regular C&C series has not yet been discovered in this timeline). Rare gems generate more credits and are faster to mine, but unlike ores, do not regenerate within the map. Players can gain more credits and increase their buying power by building more ore factories and ore trucks.
The Soviets' vehicles tend to be more durable and powerful than Allied vehicles, but are often slower moving and more expensive. The Soviets also have superior defensive capabilities against ground attacks, with the Flame Towers and Tesla coil, the latter able to destroy most Allied armor in 1-2 hits although it has high power consumption. The Soviets' weakness is at the sea, their only offensive naval unit is the submarine which exists to counter Allied warships and gain intelligence, it is normally invisible except when surfacing to attack where it is vulnerable to destroyers and gunboats. The Soviets' secret weapon is the Iron Curtain, a device that renders a selected unit invulnerable to attacks for a short period of time. They also have a wide selection of air units for assault (MiG-27, Yak-7 and Mi-24 Hind) and map revelation through spy planes, and could deploy infantry by air through paratroops or by the Chinook transport helicopter (the latter only present in multiplayer). The Soviet "tank rush" was a popular strategy online, involving building many heavy tanks and overwhelming the opponent with sheer numbers, often preceded by a MiG airstrike to knock out power plants and the construction yard.
The Allies' forces are generally cheaper, faster to build and more agile. Their infantry can survive longer with good use of their Medic unit. The Allies' strongest tank (the Medium Tank) is weaker in a one-on-one engagement against the Soviets' starting tank (the Heavy Tank), however the Allies also have anti-tank minelayers to counter the superior Soviet armor. The Allies have only one air unit, the AH-64D Apache Longbow specialized for anti-tank, compared to three Soviet air units, however the Allies also have anti-aircraft guns (more powerful but shorter range than Soviet Surface to Air Missiles). The Allied defences against a ground assault, pillboxes and turret emplacements, are less powerful than the Soviets' Tesla Coil, but stronger and less dependent on power. On maps with water, Allies possess an advantage in naval power thanks to the Cruiser, which has the longest-ranged and most powerful surface-to-surface attack in the game as its naval artillery can destroy buildings quickly, and the Destroyer, which is versatile and capable of adeptly taking on any type of unit type in the game—land, sea or air. The Allies' secret weapon is the Chronosphere, which temporarily relocates a selected unit to another part of the map. They also possess several other tools of subterfuge and military intelligence, such as spies to gain information on or disabling enemy facilities, thieves for stealing enemy resources, hiding their own units and structures from detection, and revealing the whole game map with a GPS satellite.
In online play and computer skirmish, both Allied and Soviet forces have access to the nuclear Missile Silo, not available to either side in single-player mode although present in the Allied campaign. In online play and computer skirmish, the Soviets have access to two of the Allied side's infantry: the Rocket Soldier (for anti-air and anti-tank) and Tanya, a commando capable of easily killing infantry and destroying structures.
Command & Conquer: Red Alert takes place during an unspecified year in the 1940s or '50s of a parallel universe.
At the Trinity site in New Mexico in 1946, Albert Einstein prepares to travel backward in spacetime. He activates his experimental time machine to find himself in Landsberg, Germany, on 20 December 1924, where he meets a young Adolf Hitler just after the latter's release from Landsberg Prison. Following a brief conversation between the two, Einstein shakes Hitler's hand, which stops Hitler from rising to power as leader of Nazi Germany. (Apparently Hitler is killed by this act, although the details are fuzzy.) Einstein returns to his point of origin.
This creates a new timeline, where eliminating Hitler's actions has caused worse change than World War II: without Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union grew powerful under the rule of Joseph Stalin. Unweakened, the USSR seizes land from China and then invades Eastern Europe, to achieve Joseph Stalin's vision of a Soviet Union stretching across the entire Eurasian landmass. In response, the nations of Europe form the Alliance, and start a guerrilla war against the invading Soviet army. Over the course of the game's story, the Allies and Soviets fight for control over the European mainland in an alternate World War II.
- Allied ending: Following the siege of Moscow, an Allied platoon discovers Stalin buried alive in the rubble of the Kremlin. Before they begin to remove the debris from the fallen leader, General Stavros stops them. He convinces them that they saw nothing and orders them to leave the premises. Stavros then stuffs a handkerchief down Stalin's mouth before covering his head with a large stone and walking away. This outcome forces Kane - who was using the Soviet Union to get to power - and his Brotherhood underground, leading to the events of Command & Conquer. This ending also paves the way to the sequel Red Alert 2.
- Soviet ending: As the Soviets celebrate their victory in the newly-captured Buckingham Palace, Stalin commends the Commander, but is poisoned by Nadia. Nadia guns him down as the poison overcomes his body. Following Stalin's death, Nadia tells the Commander that the Soviet Union is now under the rule of the Brotherhood of Nod, who plan to return to the shadows again and re-emerge in the 1990s, leaving the player as the puppet ruler of the USSR, ready to do the Brotherhood's bidding for "the foreseeable future". She is betrayed and shot in the back by Kane, who reveals himself to be the true mastermind.
- Grand Marshal Günther von Esling, German Army officer of the Weimar Republic, Commander-in-Chief of European forces, and apparent leader of the military governing Europe. Played by Arthur Roberts.
- General Nikos Stavros, Greek officer, Second-in-Command to General von Esling. Played by Barry Kramer.
- Tanya Adams, a special ops. Commando. Played by Lynne Litteer.
- Professor Albert Einstein, German-American physicist. Played by John Milford.
- General Ben Carville, USA officer. The player's commanding officer in Red Alert: Retaliation. Played by Barry Corbin.
- Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Soviet Union. Played by Eugene Dynarski.
- Nadia, Chief of the NKVD. Played by Andrea C. Robinson.
- General Gradenko, Russian commander. Played by Alan Terry.
- Marshal Georgi Kukov, commander of the Red Army. In one chapter, he is in charge of the invasion of Berlin, an allusion to General Georgi Zhukov who did this in real life in 1945. Played by Craig Cavanah.
- General Topolov. High ranked Soviet military mastermind and mentor to the player in Red Alert: Retaliation. Played by Alan Charof.
- Kane, obscure advisor to Joseph Stalin. Played by Joseph D. Kucan.
Connection to the Tiberian games
During the course of the Soviet's campaign, Kane is seen to make infrequent appearances as a mysterious counselor to Joseph Stalin, and the story implies that he has in fact been the instigator of the world war between the USSR and the Allied nations in order to further the long-term goals of the Brotherhood of Nod. Indeed, Nadia, the head of the NKVD, Stalin's mistress and evidently a secretive member of the Brotherhood herself as early as the 1950s, instructs the player to "keep the peace" until Nod would "tire of the USSR in the early 1990s" upon the campaign's successful conclusion. Kane however shoots her without warning, and proclaims to the player that he "[is] the future". Moreover, during the fifth cutscene of the Allied campaign, a news announcer reporting on the Allies' loss of Greece is suddenly heard stating that the United Nations are in the process of bringing about a unique military task force aimed at preventing future globalized conflicts. This task force is heavily implied to have been "Special Operations Group Echo: Black Ops 9"—the covert and international peace enforcing unit of the United Nations and the precursor of the Global Defense Initiative, one of the two main and iconic factions of the Tiberian series alongside the Brotherhood of Nod.
A much debated theory intended to resolve the apparent timeline error which came to exist between Command & Conquer: Tiberian Dawn and Command & Conquer: Red Alert 2 is to consider Red Alert as the genesis of two parallel storylines. If the Soviet campaign were to be completed in Red Alert, the USSR would emerge as the dominant Eurasian power and Kane and the Brotherhood of Nod would subsequently take control of this new empire. Conversely, if the Allied campaign were to be completed, the Allies would emerge victorious and the timeline would instead lead into the events of Red Alert 2 (though Red Alert 2 completely ignores anything that could connect it to the Tiberium timeline). According to former C&C designer Adam Isgreen, however, Tiberian Dawn in fact follows on the conclusion of Red Alert's Allies campaign, while Red Alert 2 and Yuri's Revenge take place in a second parallel universe, created by a new attempt to alter history in "Tiberian Incursion", the working title of Westwood Studios' cancelled version of Command & Conquer 3. Isgreen also implied that Nikola Tesla may have been responsible for inadvertently having attracted the attention of the Scrin through his experiments, and thus for the arrival of Tiberium on Earth.
When the Command & Conquer: The First Decade compilation pack was released in February 2006, Electronic Arts adopted the policy of considering the C&C franchise to consist of three distinct universes, with this decision apparently violating the storyline connections between Red Alert and Tiberian Dawn established by Westwood Studios. With the release of Command & Conquer 3: Tiberium Wars in March 2007 however, Electronic Arts published a document wherein an explicit reference to Kane's appearance in Red Alert is made—revealing that GDI's "InOps" intelligence division is in the possession of photos of Kane which were taken by CIA operatives during the 1950s era of Red Alert.
Internet gameplay was officially supported by Westwood Chat up until 1996. Since then many unofficial places do support it. The de facto place to play online today is CnCNet, which has 50-100 players online most of the day.
To mark the 13th anniversary of Command and Conquer and the announcement of Red Alert 3, EA has released Command and Conquer: Red Alert as freeware. After the promotion ended they allowed third-party mirrors to pick up and also ship the addons for free. The community has started repackaging it to installers that do not require burning the original ISO images and included their latest fan patches that modernize the renderer, remove duplicate files, fix bugs and include content from the PlayStation release, too. Those repacks typically also include modding tools as well as network utilities for multiplayer matches.
Counterstrike and The Aftermath (1997)
In 1997, two expansion packs for Red Alert were released for the PC, Command & Conquer: Red Alert: Counterstrike, and Command & Conquer: Red Alert: The Aftermath. The expansion packs were designed by Westwood Studios with the "apprenticeship" of Intelligent Games; a London based game developer. Much of the development on multiplayer maps was undertaken by players from the Compuserve Red Alert ladder. New units, missions, maps and music were included in the expansions.
Of particular note with the Counterstrike add-on is the addition of the secret Ant Missions titled "It Came from Red Alert", where the player battles against an army of giant, mutant ants with Allied Forces and Soviet units.
The Aftermath add-on added many new units available in single and multiplayer modes. New Allied units include the Field Mechanic and the Chrono Tank. New Soviet units include the Missile Sub, the Shock Trooper, the M.A.D Tank and the Tesla Tank. In addition, both sides receive the Demolition Truck. The add-on also includes hundreds of new maps as well as a new, significantly larger, map size.
On August 28, 1998, Westwood Studios released Red Alert Retaliation for the PlayStation, a compilation of the two PC expansion packs, including the secret Ant Missions. It is almost identical to the PlayStation port of the original Red Alert, except it introduced some new units like Tesla Tank, Shock Trooper, Chrono Tank and Mechanic, and included 105 skirmish maps. Gameplay also included an in-game sidebar code called Soylent Green Mode. In this mode all ore fields turn to people/civilians, and ore trucks harvest them with grisly sound effects.
It also included 19 exclusive briefing FMV (full-motion video) clips that were not in any of the PC expansion packs, which had none. All of the videos are shown when the player either starts playing through the operational theatre from the beginning or when all the missions of the theatre are accomplished. In other cases, the briefing text is shown. The FMVs include a general for each side, telling the player the mission objectives; The Allied General Carville later appears in Red Alert 2 while Soviet General Topolov has made no further appearances in the Red Alert series.
The Retaliation videos are available for the PC Red Alert in the Red Alert modification The Lost Files. This modification adds the Retaliation videos to the Counterstrike and Aftermath missions. It requires Red Alert patch v3.03 or Red Alert patch v3.03 TFD (for the Red Alert version of the C&C The First Decade package).
Just like its predecessor Command & Conquer: Tiberian Dawn, Red Alert attracted many open source game engine recreation attempts, which share source code because the file formats and gameplay mechanics are very similar.
A modern re-implementation of the engine in C# is still in active development called OpenRA, which allows high screen resolutions. It uses the original game graphics but is re-balanced and optimized for multiplayer matches. The graphical user interface uses unit movement lines as in Red Alert 2, and a live map as the main-menu background like C&C: Generals. It also features capturable oil derricks that generate income over time as a new game-play element inspired by Generals and adds such new units as a flak truck like the one in Red Alert 2. It is also highly moddable.
- PSN Update at Three Speech
- Westwood Studios (1997-10-24). "Westwood Studios Official Command & Conquer: Red Alert FAQ List". Westwood Studios. Retrieved April 23, 2007.
- Westwood Studios (1998-10-23). "Official Command & Conquer FAQ v3.0". Retrieved 2007-05-13.
- Westwood Studios (1998-10-23). "Official Command & Conquer Gold FAQ v1.3". Retrieved 2007-05-13.
- "Kane's Dossier". EA Games, Command and Conquer 3 official website. 2006-10-29. Archived from the original on 2007-01-09. Retrieved January 20, 2007.
- Download Red Alert for free! at the Wayback Machine (archived September 1, 2008)
- Nadia: Well, General -- this temporary chaos in Europe will only help to fuel the Brotherhood's cause. For centuries we have waited to emerge from the shadows and now we will make ourselves known. And Cain went out from the presence of The Lord. And took up residence... in the Land of Nod. (Command & Conquer: Red Alert) Westwood Studios, 1996
- Nadia: We estimate that the Brotherhood will... tire of the USSR... in the early 1990s. Until then, you'll keep the peace. (Command & Conquer: Red Alert) Westwood Studios, 1996
- Kane: For the foreseeable future... Comrade Chairman, I am the future. (Command & Conquer: Red Alert) Westwood Studios, 1996
- Allied newscaster: That, in approving a unique military funding initiative aimed at increasing global Allied support. This proposal calls for the formation of a Global Defense agency, to be temporarily established in an as yet unnamed European capital. (Command & Conquer: Red Alert) Westwood Studios, 1996
- Command & Conquer For Windows 95, English manual. Virgin Interactive Entertainment. 1995.
- Adam Isgreen (2006-10-17). "C&C Story". Petroglyph Games. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- Adam Isgreen (2006-12-18). "C&C Timeline (ii)". Petroglyph Games. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- Adam Isgreen (2006-12-18). "C&C Timeline (i)". Petroglyph Games. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- Adam Isgreen (2006-12-21). "C&C Timeline (iii)". Petroglyph Games. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
- "Kane's Dossier". EA Games, Command and Conquer 3 official website. 2006-10-29. Retrieved January 20, 2007.
- "CnCNet Statistics".
- commandandconquer.com Forum - Global Command Center - The Ultimate Collection / The First Decade - Download Red Alert and Tiberian Sun
- PortableRA website
- Play Red Alert 1 Online
- Red Alert Archive, largest Red Alert fan site.
- Soundtrack Geek. "Press: Selected Quotes from Reviews: Command & Conquer: Red Alert". Frank Klepacki's website. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- GameRankings: Command & Conquer: Red Alert
- CGW 154 (May 1997)
- Red Alert: The Lost Files
- "Command & Conquer: Red Alert Retaliation". GameSpy. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "The PSN Update!!!". ThreeSpeech. 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- Greg Duncan: OpenRA = C# Red Alert/Command and Conquer Clone, MSDN Channel 9
- ModDB: Year in Review Quarter 03 July through September 2013.
- Red Horizon
- Command & Conquer: Red Alert at MobyGames
- Red Alert on EVA Database, an external wiki
- Command & Conquer: Red Alert at DMOZ
- Red Alert Installer bundled with a CnCNet multiplayer client