|Song by Rush|
|from the album Moving Pictures|
|Released||February 28, 1981|
|Genre||Progressive rock, hard rock|
|Songwriter(s)||Neil Peart, Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson|
|Producer(s)||Rush & Terry Brown|
The song was inspired by the futuristic short story "A Nice Morning Drive", written by Richard Foster and published in the November 1973 issue of Road & Track magazine. The story describes a similar future in which increasingly stringent safety regulations have forced cars to evolve into massive Modern Safety Vehicles (MSVs), capable of withstanding a 50-mile-per-hour (80 km/h) impact without injury to the driver. Consequently, drivers of MSVs have become less safety-conscious and more aggressive, and "bouncing" (intentionally ramming) the older, smaller cars is a common sport among some.
Rush drummer and lyricist Neil Peart made several attempts to contact Foster during the recording of Moving Pictures but Road & Track did not have an up-to-date address and Rush were forced to settle for a brief "inspired by" note in the lyric sheet mentioning the story. In July 2007, Foster and Peart finally made contact with each other. Foster later posted on his website an account of their journey by motorcycle through the backwoods of West Virginia between stops on Rush's 2007 Snakes & Arrows Tour.
Barchetta, literally "small boat" in Italian, is the diminutive form of barca ("boat" or "craft"). In the automotive industry, the term is used for a two-seat car without any kind of roof. The proper Italian pronunciation is Italian pronunciation: [barˈketta], although it is sung with // by Geddy Lee.  Neil Peart's favorite car was the 1948 Ferrari 166MM ″Barchetta″. 
The song's lyrics tell a story set in a future in which many classes of vehicles have been prohibited by "the Motor Law". The narrator's uncle has kept one of these now-illegal vehicles (the titular red Barchetta sports car) in pristine condition for some "fifty-odd years" and keeps it hidden at his secret country home (previously a farm before the enactment of the aforementioned Motor Law). Every Sunday, the narrator sneaks out to this location and goes for a drive in the countryside, which he describes as "his weekly crime". During one such drive, he encounters a "gleaming alloy air car" that begins to chase him along the roads. A second such vehicle soon joins the pursuit, which continues until the narrator drives across a one-lane bridge that is too narrow for the air cars. The song ends with the narrator returning safely to his uncle's farm.
In the book Rush and Philosophy: Heart and Mind United, Jim Berti & Durrell Bowman wrote of the song:
"Red Barchetta" itself repeatedly "fixes" its temporal complications at the ends of many sections. In the exciting passage that most closely approximates the feeling of speeding, unhindered, down an empty road (when the protagonist "commits his weekly crime", 2:28-2:58), the music is filled with syncopated accents that keep thrusting us forward. In addition, each phrase takes away two beats from normative four-measure groups in 4/4; we're moving faster than can be contained within standard phrases. But the last group, punctuated with Lee's "adrenaline surge", brings back those two beats—we're entering a new zone, where time can now flow freely. And indeed, in the next section (2:58-3:18), while changing harmonies takes us on a bit of a journey, the phrases lock comfortably into relaxed four-bar groups in 4/4.
The following guitar solo (3:18-3:41) introduces further metric complications, alternating 4/4 and 3/4 bars for eight units of seven beats each. But again the last unit brings back the "missing" beat, making for a satisfying conclusion of eight beats before we head back into the main song. And for the final, peaceful phrases built around Lifeson's guitar harmonics (from 5:10), while the initial groups imply 4/4 phrases lasting a somewhat unexpected two, six and again six bars, from 5:32 to the song's fade normative eight-bar groups sound the rest of the way.
- Fitzpatrick, Rob (2011-03-24). "Rush: 'Our fans feel vindicated'". The Guardian.
- "BMWBMW • View topic - the Drummer, the Private Eye, and Me (Rush Fans Take Note)".
- Berti, Jim; Bowman, Durrell (2011-04-12). Rush and Philosophy: Heart and Mind United. ISBN 9780812697292.
- Greene, Andy (2015-03-04). "Readers' Poll: The 10 Best Rush Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
- Reed, Ryan. "All 167 Rush Songs Ranked Worst to Best". Ultimate Classic Rock.
- Foster, Richard S. (November 1973). "A Nice Morning Drive". Road & Track: 148–150 – via The MG Experience.
- Foster, Richard S. (July 11, 2007). "The Drummer, the Private Eye, and Me (Rush Fans Take Note)". BMW Bikers of Metropolitan Washington.