Red Cloud Indian School
|Red Cloud Indian School
Maȟpíya Lúta Owáyawa
|100 Mission Drive
Pine Ridge, South Dakota, (Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota), 57770
|Religious affiliation(s)||Roman Catholic
|Sister school||Our Lady of Lourdes Elementary School|
|President||Fr. George Winzenburg, S.J.|
|Principal (HS)||Marice Ashley|
|Principal (ES)||Jennifer Sierra|
|Assistant Principal (HS)||Tim Sullivan|
|Chaplain||Fr. Peter Klink, SJ|
|Color(s)||Blue and White|
Capped at $200 per Family
|Athletic Director||Christian McGhee|
Red Cloud Indian School is a private, Roman Catholic K–12 school in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. It is located in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rapid City and serves Oglala Lakota Native American children on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
"The mission of Red Cloud Indian School, a Catholic Institution administered by the Jesuits and the Lakota people, is to develop and grow as a vibrant Church, through an education of the mind and spirit that promotes Lakota and Catholic values."
The school was founded in 1888 as Holy Rosary Mission. The Jesuits and Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity founded the institution at the request of Chief Red Cloud. Once the school had been approved, the construction of the main mission building began. All of the bricks for the building were made from local clay and lime on the grounds of what is today Red Cloud Indian School’s Pine Ridge campus. It was the only two-story building in the area. The four-school K-12 school system, was renamed Red Cloud in 1969.
Later that year, the first classes began and quickly grew to more than 100 students. Students at the school were divided into three classes: one for all younger students attending, another for older girls and lastly one for older boys. The older students spent half their day learning reading, writing and arithmetic and the other half performing domestic duties to keep the mission running. The young women often worked in the kitchen and laundry rooms, while the young men spent their time in the wood and metal shops, or farming the land.
Red Cloud High School first began classes in 1937. Five students graduated from the school in 1942, with Oryal Cuny as the salutatorian and Lyle Clifford as the valedictorian. Classes became integrated, the boarding parts of the school were closed and the farms associated with the school turned into football fields, fieldhouses, parking lots and more. As enrollment grew, a second kindergarten through eighth grade campus, Our Lady of Lourdes, was opened in Porcupine, about 30 minutes from the original Pine Ridge campus.
In 1969, Holy Rosary Mission was officially renamed Red Cloud Indian School, both as a token of respect for the man whose work had made it possible to found the school and as part of a program of re-identification meant to demonstrate to the world that Red Cloud was not meant to be an organization of cultural imperialism, but rather the product of a lasting bond between groups of two separate cultures who wanted to enhance the best parts of both world to serve the people of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
The Institution in the Present Day
- 100 percent of graduates have plans to further their education and training, attending more than 25 colleges today, like Princeton, Arizona State, New Mexico and Black Hills State.
- 100 percent of high school students volunteer on the reservation. Some travel as far as Washington DC to give back to other communities.
- The Heritage Center is home to 10,000 pieces of the Native American contemporary and historical Lakota art, all of which was recently digitally cataloged.
- The Red Cloud Indian Art Show welcomes nearly 200 artists, both seasoned professions and emerging young artists, to showcase their work each year.
- Outreach programs confront addictions like alcohol and drugs head-on, and offer health and wellness initiatives to families who may not have access to these programs otherwise.
- More than 800 families are served through pastoral ministry programs in the various church communities.
- Red Cloud Indian School Website
- The Heritage Center at Red Cloud Indian School Website
- Red Cloud Indian School Facebook Page
- The Heritage Center at Red Cloud Indian School Facebook Page
- Holy Rosary Mission - Red Cloud Indian School Digital Image Collection
- The Indian Sentinel, 1941-1960
- Wichahpi. "NCA-Council on Accreditation and School Improvement". Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- Marquette University. "Holy Rosary Mission/Red Cloud Indian School, Notable events and leaders". Retrieved 2010-05-05.
- Wichahpi. "Red Cloud History". Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- Wichahpi. "Our Story". Retrieved 2012-05-15.