Republic of Cuba (1902–59)
|Republic of Cuba|
|República de Cuba|
"The Bayamo Song"
Unitary presidential republic
Authoritarian semi-presidential republic
|-||1902–1906||Tomás Estrada Palma (first)|
|-||1952–1959||Fulgencio Batista (last)|
|-||1940–1942||Carlos Saladrigas Zayas (first)|
|-||1959||José Miró Cardona (last)|
|-||Lower Chamber||House of Representatives|
|Historical era||Modern Era|
|-||Platt Amendment||2 March 1901|
|-||Constitution adopted||20 May 1902|
|-||Cuban–American Treaty||17 February 1903|
|-||Treaty of Relations||29 May 1934|
|-||Cuban Revolution||1 January 1959|
|Today part of||Cuba|
Part of a series on the
|History of Cuba|
|Captaincy General of Cuba|
|United States Military Government|
|Republic of Cuba (1902–1959)|
|Republic of Cuba (1959–)|
The Republic of Cuba (Spanish: República de Cuba) of 1902 to 1959, refers to the historical period in Cuba when Cuba seceded from US rule in 1902 in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War that took Cuba from Spanish rule in 1898 until the Cuban Revolution of 1959. Cuban independence from the United States was guaranteed in the Platt Amendment proposed to the United States Congress in 1901. It was officially a representative democracy though at times it became controlled by a military junta. The Cuban Revolution of 1959 massively changed Cuban society, creating a socialist state and ended US economic dominance in Cuba.
Cuba during this time has been regarded as a client state of the United States. In 1934, Cuba and the United States signed the Treaty of Relations in which Cuba was obligated to give preferential treatment of its economy to the United States, in exchange the United States gave Cuba a guaranteed 22 percent share of the US sugar market that later was amended to a 49 percent share in 1949.
- Louis A. Pérez. Cuba Under the Platt Amendment, 1902–1934. Paperback reprint edition. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 1991. Pp. 54.
- Louis A. Pérez. Cuba Under the Platt Amendment, 1902–1934. Paperback reprint edition. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 1991. Pp. xvi.
- John Miller, Aaron Kenedi. Inside Cuba: The History, Culture, and Politics of an Outlaw Nation. New York, New York, USA: Marlowe & Company, 2003. Pp. 35–36