Prime Minister of Cuba

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Prime Minister of Cuba
Primer Ministro de Cuba
PrimeMinisterOfCubaFlag.jpg
Official Standard
Miguel Diaz Canel.jpg
Incumbent
Miguel Díaz-Canel

since 19 April 2018
StylePremier (informal)
Member ofCouncil of Ministers,
Council of State
SeatHavana
NominatorPresident of Cuba
AppointerNational Assembly of People's Power
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderCarlos Saladrigas Zayas
Formation10 October 1940
Unofficial namesPremier
Websitewww.cubagob.cu
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The Prime Minister of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Ministro de Cuba), known as the President of the Council of Ministers (Spanish: Presidente del Consejo de Ministros de Cuba) between 1976 and 2019, is the head of the Council of Ministers of Cuba.

The office of Prime Minister was first instituted in 1940 in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of Cuba as amended in that year. The first Prime Minister of Cuba was Carlos Saladrigas Zayas (1900–1957), the nephew of former President Alfredo Zayas. The prime minister was also sometimes referred to as "premier". Between 1940 and 1959, Cuba saw fifteen changes of prime minister; Félix Lancís Sánchez exercised the role twice (1944–1945 and 1950–1951) while Fulgencio Batista held the position concurrently with that of President of Cuba for one month (April 1952) following a military coup. Fidel Castro became prime minister in 1959, replacing José Miró Cardona.[1]

The title of the office was officially changed on 2 December 1976 when a new national constitution, restructuring the government, came into force. Under that constitution, the post of President was abolished and replaced by a Soviet-style collective head of state, the Council of State, elected by the National Assembly of People's Power.

However, unlike the USSR's arrangements, where the Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and the Council of Ministers were distinct posts, the Cuban Council of Ministers was chaired by the same person as the Council of State. Furthermore, unlike English and Russian, Spanish does not distinguish between the terms "chairman/председатель" and "president/президент", translating both as "presidente".

The incumbent since 19 April 2018 has been Miguel Díaz-Canel, who took over from Raúl Castro on that date.

On February 24, 2019, another constitution – Cuba's current – was adopted in a referendum. Under it, the government was again re-organized, and the posts of President and Prime Minister were restored. This reorganization, however, has yet to enter into effect.[2]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 1959: Castro sworn in as Cuban PM BBC online.
  2. ^ Mimi Whitefield (February 25, 2019). "Cuba approves new constitution: What changes, what doesn't?". Miami Herald. Retrieved February 25, 2019.