Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bucharest
|Archdiocese of Bucarest
Arhidieceza De Bucureşti
|Area||91,120 km2 (35,180 sq mi)|
|(as of 2012)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||27 April 1883|
|Cathedral||Saint Joseph Cathedral, Bucharest|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Ioan Robu|
|Suffragans||Diocese of Iași, Diocese of Oradea Mare, Diocese of Satu Mare, Diocese of Timişoara|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Cornel Damian|
|Vicar General||Cornel Damian|
|Episcopal Vicars||Martin Cabalaș, eronim Iacob, Francisc Ungureanu|
Administrative map of the Roman Catholic Church in Romania
|Website of the Archdiocese|
It was established on 27 April 1883. There had been a Catholic presence in the city since at least the 18th century, but only in 1847 Bishop Josephus Molajoni was able to establish his residence there. His successor, Angelus Parsi, restored the episcopal palace, which had been destroyed by fire in 1847, and in 1852 brought to Bucharest the English Ladies, and in 1861 the Brothers of the Christian Schools. In 1863 Bishop Parsi was succeeded by Josephus Pluym, from 1869 Patriarchal Vicar of Constantinople, who in turn was followed by Ignatius Paoli.
After the establishment of the Kingdom of Romania in 1881, a movement was initiated by the government to release the Catholic subjects from dependence on a foreign bishop, and negotiations were begun with Rome. Two years later, Pope Leo XIII raised the Apostolic Vicariate of Wallachia to an archdiocese, with Bucharest as residence, which was exempt, i.e. directly subordinate to the Vatican.
It comprises 91,120 square kilometers (35,195 Square Miles). In addition to national capital Bucharest, the archdiocese covers the rest of Wallachia (Oltenia, Muntenia and Dobrudja)—the counties of Mehedinţi, Gorj, Dolj, Vâlcea, Olt, Argeş, Teleorman, Dâmboviţa, Giurgiu, Prahova, Ilfov, Buzău, Ialomiţa, Călăraşi, Brăila, Tulcea and Constanţa, of which 0.9% are Roman Catholic, with the largest number of parishes in Bucharest. Its adherents are predominantly Romanian.
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Iași
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Oradea Mare
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Satu Mare
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Timişoara
- Romanian Catholic Eparchy of Saint Basil the Great of Bucharest (Byzantine Rite)
- History of Christianity in Romania