Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Seoul

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Archdiocese of Seoul
Archidioecesis Seulensis
서울 대교구
Myeong-dong Cathedral of the Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception
Country South Korea
Area 17,349 km2 (6,698 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2014)
1,472,815 (14.5%)
Rite Latin Rite
Cathedral Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception in Seoul
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Andrew Yeom Sou-jeong
Suffragans Diocese of Chuncheon
Diocese of Daejeon
Diocese of Hamhung
Diocese of Incheon
Diocese of Pyongyang
Diocese of Suwon
Diocese of Uijeongbu
Diocese of Wonju
Auxiliary Bishops Basil Cho Kyu-man
Timothy Yu Gyoung-chon
Peter Chung Soon-taek
Benedictus Son Hee-Song
Emeritus Bishops Nicolas Cheong Jin-suk Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus (2006-2012)
Archdiocese of Seoul.svg
Website of the Archdiocese

The Archdiocese of Seoul (Latin: Archidioecesis Seulum, Korean: 서울 대교구) is a particular church of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church comprising Seoul, South Korea, whose province comprises parts of South Korea (which has two more provinces) and all North Korea.

Its Metropolitan bishop, the Archbishop of Seoul, has his cathedral episcopal see at Myeongdong Cathedral in Myeongdong, Jung-gu, Seoul. Its other special churches, all in Seoul, are the National Shrine Joeldusan National Shrine of Korean Martyrs, the Shrine of Saenamteo and Shrine: Yakhyeon Church Yakhyeon Church.

The Archbishop of Seoul is also the Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Pyongyang in North Korea.

As the episcopal see is the oldest one in Korea and that of its capital city, he is often considered to be the primate of Korea, though the title has not been granted by the Holy See.


The see was erected on September 9, 1831 by Pope Gregory XVI, who created it as a missionary pre-diocesan jurisdiction, the Apostolic Vicariate of Corea, on territory split off from the then Diocese of Peking.

It was renamed the Apostolic Vicariate of Seoul on April 8, 1911, when it also lost territory to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Taiku (now the Archdiocese of Daegu).

It lost more territory repeatedly: on 1920.08.05 to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Wonsan, on 1927.03.17 to establish the Apostolic Prefecture of Hpyeng-yang and on 1939.04.25 to establish the Apostolic Prefecture of Shunsen.

It was renamed the Apostolic Vicariate of Seul on 12 July 1950. It lost territories again: on 1958.06.23 to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Cheongju and the Apostolic Vicariate of Daijeon, and again on 1961.06.06 to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Incheon, all three now its suffragans.

It was promoted to Metropolitan Archdiocese on March 10, 1962.[1]

It lost territories again on 1963.10.07 to establish the Suwon and again on 2004.06.24 to establish the Uijeongbu, now both its suffragans.

It enjoyed papal visits from Pope John Paul II in May 1984 and October 1989 and from Pope Francis in August 2014.


Apostolic Vicars of Korea[edit]

Apostolic Vicars of Seoul[edit]

Archbishops of Seoul[edit]


The Metropolitan's ecclesiastical province comprises his own Archdiocese and the following suffragan bishoprics, mostly in South Korea :

Vicars General[edit]

Auxiliary Bishops[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Archdiocese of Seoul". 

Source and External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°33′48″N 126°59′13″E / 37.5633°N 126.9870°E / 37.5633; 126.9870