Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Seoul
Archdiocese of Seoul
Cathedral of the Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception (Mother church)
|Territory||Seoul, Hwanghae Province|
|Area||17,349 km2 (6,698 sq mi)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2017)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||September 9, 1831|
(as Apostolic Vicariate)
March 10, 1962
|Cathedral||Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception in Seoul|
|Patron saint||Blessed Virgin Mary|
|Archbishop||Andrew Yeom Sou-jeong|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Basil Cho Kyu-man|
Timothy Yu Gyoung-chon
Peter Chung Soon-taek
Benedictus Son Hee-Song
Job Koo Yobi
|Bishops emeritus||Nicolas Cheong Jin-suk Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus (2006-2012)|
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Seoul (Latin: Archidioecesis Seulensis, Korean: 서울대교구) is a Metropolitan archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church comprising the metropolitan area of Seoul, South Korea, whose province comprises parts of South Korea (which has two more provinces) and all North Korea, yet depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
Its Metropolitan bishop as the Archbishop of Seoul resides at his Myeongdong Cathedral in Jung-gu, Seoul. The Archbishop of Seoul is also the Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Pyongyang in North Korea. As the episcopal see is the oldest one in Korea and that of its capital city, he is often considered to be so called the Primate of Korea, though the official title has not been expressly granted by the Holy See by canonical decree.
As per 2014, it pastorally served 1,472,815 Catholics (14.5% of 10,143,645 total) on 17,349 km² in 229 parishes and 183 missions with 908 priests (683 diocesan, 225 religious), 2,282 religious (445 brothers, 1,837 sisters) and 266 seminarians.
List of territorial losses
- (Background) Pope Leo XIII was the first to approve to separate the community from the control of diocese of Beijing and assigned priests from the Paris Foreign Missions Society but never went due to the Anti-Christian sentiment and persecutions during that time.
- Pope Gregory XVI granted a Papal bull declaring it as an official See on 9 September 1831, referring to it as the Apostolic Vicariate of Korea 조선 / Corea (Curiate Italian) / 朝鮮 (正體中文), on territory split off from the then Diocese of Peking, of what used to be part of Imperial China.
- It was renamed on 8 April 1911 as Apostolic Vicariate of Seoul 서울 / 漢城 (正體中文), when it also lost territory to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Taiku (Daegu).
- It lost more territories, beginning on 8 May 1920 to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Wonsan
- On 17 March 1927, it lost again to establish the Apostolic Prefecture of Hpyeng-yang
- On 25 April 1939, it lost again to establish the Apostolic Prefecture of Shunsen.
- It was again officially renamed on 12 July 1950 after its See as Apostolic Vicariate of Seul.
- It lost territories again on 23 June 1958 to establish the Apostolic Vicariate of Cheongju and the Apostolic Vicariate of Daijeon,
- On 6 June 1961, it lost again to make the Apostolic Vicariate of Incheon, all three now have Suffragan bishops.
- The diocese was raised to the level of Metropolitan Archdiocese on 10 March 1962.
- It lost again on 7 October 1963 to establish the Roman Catholic Diocese of Suwon
- It lost again on 24 June 2004 to establish the Roman Catholic Diocese of Uijeongbu, now both its suffragans.
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Chuncheon 춘천
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Daejeon 대전
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Hamhung 함흥 (in North Korea)
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Incheon 인천
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Pyongyang 평양 (in North Korea)
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Suwon 수원
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Uijeongbu 의정부
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Wonju 원주
Apostolic Vicars of Korea
- Barthélemy Bruguière, M.E.P. (1831–1835)
- Saint Laurent-Joseph-Marius Imbert, M.E.P. (1836–1839)
- Jean-Joseph-Jean-Baptiste Ferréol, M.E.P. (1843–1853)
- Saint Siméon-François Berneux, M.E.P. (1854–1866)
- Saint Antoine-Marie-Nicolas Daveluy, M.E.P. (1866)
- Félix-Clair Ridel, M.E.P. (1869–1884)
- Marie-Jean-Gustave Blanc, M.E.P. (1884–1890)
- Gustave-Charles-Marie Mutel, M.E.P. (1890–1911)
Apostolic Vicars of Seoul
- Gustave-Charles-Marie Mutel, M.E.P. (1911–1933), appointed Archbishop (personal title) in 1926
- Adrien-Joseph Larribeau, M.E.P. (1933–1942), appointed Apostolic Vicar and later Bishop of Daijeon
- Paul Roh Ki-nam (1942–1962)
Archbishops of Seoul
- Paul Roh Ki-nam (1962–1967)
- Victorinus Youn Kong-hi (1967–1968; apostolic administrator)
- Cardinal Stephen Kim Sou-hwan (1968–1998)
- Cardinal Nicolas Cheong Jin-suk (1998–2012)
- Cardinal Andrew Yeom Sou-jeong (2012–present)
- Jean-Joseph-Jean-Baptiste Ferréol, M.E.P. (1838–1843)
- Saint Siméon-François Berneux, M.E.P. (1844–1854)
- Saint Antoine-Marie-Nicolas Daveluy, M.E.P. (1855–1866)
- Marie-Jean-Gustave Blanc, M.E.P. (1877–1884)
- Émile-Alexandre-Joseph Devred, M.E.P. (1920–1926), never succeeded to see
- Adrien-Joseph Larribeau, M.E.P. (1926–1933)
- Joseph Kyeong Kap-ryong (1977–1984), appointed Bishop of Daejeon
- Paul Kim Ok-kyun (1985–2001)
- Peter Kang U-il (1985–2002), appointed Bishop of Cheju
- Andreas Choi Chang-mou (1994–1999), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop and later Archbishop of Gwangju
- Joseph Lee Han-taek (2001–2004), appointed Bishop of Uijeongbu
- Andrew Yeom Sou-jeong (2001–2012), appointed Archbishop of Seoul
- Lucas Kim Woon-hoe (2002–2010), appointed Bishop of Chunchon
- Basil Cho Kyu-man (2006–2016), appointed Bishop of Wonju
- Peter Chung Soon-taek (2014–present)
- Timothy Yu Gyoung-chon (2014–present)
- Benedict Son Hee-song (2015–present)
- Job Koo Yobi (2017–present)