Carter performing at Berkeley Jazz Festival in May 1980
|Birth name||Ronald Levin Carter|
|Born||May 4, 1937|
Ferndale, Michigan, U.S.
Ronald Levin Carter (born May 4, 1937) is an American jazz double bassist. His appearances on 2,221 recording sessions make him the most-recorded jazz bassist in history. Carter has two Grammy awards. Carter is also a cellist who has recorded numerous times on that instrument.
Some of his studio albums as a leader include: Blues Farm (1973); All Blues (1973); Spanish Blue (1974); Anything Goes (1975); Yellow & Green (1976); Pastels (1976); Piccolo (1977); Third Plane (1977); Peg Leg (1978); A Song for You (1978); Etudes (1982); The Golden Striker (2003); Dear Miles (2006); Ron Carter's Great Big Band (2011).
Carter was born in Ferndale, Michigan. He started to play cello at the age of 10, and switched to bass while in high school. He earned a B.A. in music from the Eastman School of Music (1959) and a Masters in Music from the Manhattan School of Music (1961).
Carter's first jobs as a jazz musician were playing bass with Chico Hamilton in 1959, followed by free-lance work with Jaki Byard, Cannonball Adderley, Randy Weston, Bobby Timmons, and Thelonious Monk. One of his first recorded appearances was on Hamilton alumnus Eric Dolphy's Out There, recorded on August 15, 1960, and featuring George Duvivier on bass, Roy Haynes on drums, and Carter on cello. The album's advanced harmonies and concepts were in step with the third stream movement. In early October 1960, Carter recorded How Time Passes with Don Ellis, and on June 20, 1961, he recorded Where?, his first album as a leader, featuring Dolphy on alto sax, flute, and bass clarinet, Mal Waldron on piano, Charlie Persip on drums, and Duvivier playing bass lines on tracks where Carter played cello.
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Carter came to fame via the second Miles Davis Quintet in the mid 1960s, which also included Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter and drummer Tony Williams. Carter joined Davis's group in 1963, appearing on the album Seven Steps to Heaven and the follow-up E.S.P., the latter being the first album to feature only the full quintet. It also featured three of Carter's compositions (the only time he contributed compositions to Davis's group). He stayed with Davis until 1968 (when he was replaced by Dave Holland), and participated in a couple of studio sessions with Davis in 1969 and 1970. Although he played electric bass occasionally during this era of early jazz-rock fusion, he has subsequently stopped playing that instrument, and in the 2000s plays only double bass.
Carter also performed on some of Hancock, Williams and Shorter's recordings during the sixties for Blue Note Records. He was a sideman on many Blue Note recordings of the era, playing with Sam Rivers, Freddie Hubbard, Duke Pearson, Lee Morgan, McCoy Tyner, Andrew Hill, Horace Silver, and others. He also played on soul-pop star Roberta Flack's album First Take.
After leaving Davis, Carter was for several years a mainstay of CTI Records, making albums under his own name and also appearing on many of the label's records with a diverse range of other musicians. Notable musical partnerships in the 1970s and 1980s included Joe Henderson, Houston Person, Hank Jones, Gabor Szabo and Cedar Walton. During the 1970s he was a member of the New York Jazz Quartet. In 1986, Carter played double bass on "Big Man on Mulberry Street" on Billy Joel's album The Bridge.
In 1987, Carter won a Grammy for "an instrumental composition for the film" Round Midnight. In 1994, he won another Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Group for a tribute album to Miles Davis. He appears on the alternative hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest's influential album The Low End Theory on a track called "Verses from the Abstract". He appeared as a member of the jazz combo the Classical Jazz Quartet. In 1994, Carter appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool. The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African-American community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by TIME. In 2001, Carter collaborated with Black Star and John Patton to record "Money Jungle" for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Red Hot + Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington.
Carter is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of the Music Department of City College of New York, having taught there for 20 years, and received an honorary Doctorate from the Berklee College of Music in Spring 2005. He joined the faculty of the Juilliard School in New York City in 2008, teaching bass in the school's Jazz Studies program. Carter made an appearance in Robert Altman's 1996 film, Kansas City. The end credits feature him and fellow bassist Christian McBride duetting on "Solitude".
Carter sits on the Advisory Committee of the Board of Directors of The Jazz Foundation of America and on the Honorary Founder's Committee. Carter has worked with the Jazz Foundation since its inception to save the homes and the lives of America's elderly jazz and blues musicians including musicians that survived Hurricane Katrina.
Carter appeared as himself in an episode of the HBO series Treme entitled "What Is New Orleans". His authorized biography, Ron Carter: Finding the Right Notes, (ISBN 978-0989982511) by Dan Ouellette, was published by ArtistShare in 2008.
2010s and later
In 2010 Carter was honored with France's premier cultural award, the medallion and title of Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Carter was elected to the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame in 2012.
- Where? (New Jazz, 1961)
- Uptown Conversation (Embryo, 1969)
- Alone Together (Milestone, 1972) with Jim Hall
- Blues Farm (CTI, 1973)
- All Blues (CTI, 1973)
- Spanish Blue (CTI, 1974)
- Anything Goes (Kudu, 1975)
- Yellow & Green (CTI, 1976)
- Pastels (Milestone, 1976)
- Piccolo (Milestone, 1977)
- Third Plane (Milestone, 1977)
- Peg Leg (Milestone, 1978)
- A Song for You (Milestone, 1978)
- 1 + 3 (JVC, 1978)
- Carnaval (Galaxy, 1978 ) with Hank Jones, Sadao Watanabe and Tony Williams
- Pick 'Em (Milestone, 1978 )
- Parade (Milestone, 1979)
- New York Slick (Milestone, 1979)
- Patrão (Milestone, 1980)
- Parfait (Milestone, 1980 )
- Empire Jazz (RSO, 1980)
- Super Strings (Milestone, 1981)
- Heart & Soul (Timeless, 1981) with Cedar Walton
- Etudes (Elektra/Musician, 1982)
- Live at Village West (Concord Jazz, 1982 ) with Jim Hall
- Telephone (Concord Jazz, 1984) with Jim Hall
- All Alone (EmArcy, 1988)
- Something in Common (Muse, 1989 ) with Houston Person
- Duets (EmArcy, 1989) with Helen Merrill
- Now's the Time (Muse, 1990) with Houston Person
- Eight Plus (Victor (Japan), 1990)
- Panamanhattan (Dreyfus Jazz, 1990 ) with Richard Galliano
- Mr. Bow-tie (Somethin' Else, 1995)
- The Bass and I (Somethin' Else, 1997)
- So What? (Somethin' Else, 1998)
- Orfeu (Somethin' Else, 1999)
- When Skies Are Grey... (Somethin' Else, 2000)
- Dialogues (HighNote, 2000 ) with Houston Person
- Stardust (Somethin' Else, 2001)
- The Golden Striker (Somethin' Else, 2002)
- Just Between Friends (HighNote, 2005 ) with Houston Person
- Dear Miles (Somethin' Else, 2006)
- Chemistry (HighNote, 2015 ) with Houston Person
- An Evening with Ron Carter and Richard Galliano (In+Out, 2017) with Richard Galliano
- Remember Love (HighNote, 2018) with Houston Person
- 2003: Ron Carter & Art Farmer: Live at Sweet Basil with Cedar Walton and Billy Higgins
- 2002: Herbie Hancock Trio: Hurricane! with Ron Carter and Billy Cobham
- Feather, Leonard; Gitler, Ira (1999). "Carter, Ron (Ronald Levin)". The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 115.
- Rachel Swatman (January 7, 2016). "Ron Carter earns world record as the most recorded jazz bassist in history". Guinness Book of World Records. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- "Ron Carter". GRAMMY.com. November 19, 2019. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- Wynn, Ron. "Ron Carter Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
- Marsh, Peter (2002). "Eric Dolphy Out There Review". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "37th Annual GRAMMY Awards". GRAMMY.com. November 28, 2017. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "Ron Carter and the Low End Theory". KQED. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "The Classical Jazz Quartet Catalog". www.jazzdisco.org. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- Kohlhaase, Bill (December 16, 1994). "ALBUM REVIEW : VARIOUS ARTISTS, "Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool" ( GRP ) ***". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "The Best Music of 1994". Time. December 26, 1994. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "Red Hot | Red Hot + Indigo". redhot.org. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "Jazz Studies at City College". Jazz at City History. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients | Berklee College of Music". Berklee.edu. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Ron Carter". The Juilliard School. December 24, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "Let the Music Do the Talking". Chicago Reader. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Pt. 2 Jazz Angels Jazz Foundation of America's Wendy Oxenhorn on HammondCast KYOURADIO.
- Schu, John. "Ron Carter: Finding the Right Notes by Dan Ouellette". JazzTimes. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
- "Ron Carter Receives Recognition from French Government". BMI.com. February 17, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- "DownBeat Magazine". Downbeat.com. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Ron Carter DVD | Art Farmer DVD | Cedar Walton DVD | Billy Higgins DVD". View.com. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Herbie Hancock DVD | Herbie Hancock Concert Video". View.com. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- Ron Carter Official Website
- DTM Interview 1
- DTM Interview 2
- 2006 Interview with Ron Carter
- Ron Carter's dedicated page on the Party Of The Century project
- on YouTube
- Ron Carter Interview - NAMM Oral History Library (2005)