Billy Cobham

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Billy Cobham
Billy Cobham.jpg
Cobham performing at WOMAD, July 2005
Background information
Birth name William Emanuel Cobham, Jr.
Born (1944-05-16) May 16, 1944 (age 72)
Panama
Genres
Occupation(s) Musician, songwriter, bandleader, instructor
Instruments Drums, percussion, keyboards
Years active 1968–present
Labels Atlantic, Columbia, CTI, Elektra, GRP
Associated acts Miles Davis, Mahavishnu Orchestra, Jack Bruce, New York Jazz Quartet, Jazz Is Dead, Bobby and the Midnites, Mark-Almond
Website billycobham.com

William Emanuel "Billy" Cobham (born May 16, 1944) is a Panamanian American jazz drummer, composer and bandleader, who came to prominence in the late 1960s and early 1970s with trumpeter Miles Davis and then with Mahavishnu Orchestra, and on countless CTI releases. According to AllMusic's reviewer, Cobham is "generally acclaimed as fusion's greatest drummer".[1] He has an influential style that combines explosive power and exacting precision. He was inducted into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1987,[2] and the Classic Drummer Hall of Fame in 2013.[3]

Biography[edit]

Early life and career[edit]

Billy Cobham live at Leverkusener Jazztage (Germany) on November 8th 2016

Born in Panama, Cobham moved with his family to New York City during his early childhood. A drummer from his youth, Cobham attended New York's High School of Music and Art, graduating in 1962.[4]

He played in a U.S. Army Band from 1965 to 1968. Following his discharge, Cobham joined an ensemble led by pianist Horace Silver for about a year, also playing or recording with saxophonist Stanley Turrentine, organist Shirley Scott, and guitarist George Benson.[4]

Jazz fusion work[edit]

Cobham branched out to jazz fusion, which blended elements of jazz, rock and funk, playing and recording with the Brecker Brothers (notably in their 1970-founded group Dreams), and guitarist John Abercrombie, before recording and touring extensively with trumpeter Miles Davis. Cobham's work with Davis appears on A Tribute to Jack Johnson (1971), among other recordings.

Cobham is one of the first drummers to play open-handed lead:[citation needed] a drummer that plays on a right-handed set but leads with his left hand on the hi-hat instead of crossing over with his right (and also has his ride cymbal on the left side, instead of the traditional right). He typically plays with multiple toms and double bass drums and was well known in the 1970s for his large drum kits.

In 1970, Cobham worked on guitarist John McLaughlin's album My Goal's Beyond.[4] McLaughlin and Cobham co-founded Mahavishnu Orchestra, a definitive jazz fusion ensemble. Cobham toured extensively from 1971 to 1973 with the Mahavishnu Orchestra, who released two studio albums, The Inner Mounting Flame (1971) and Birds of Fire (1973), and one live album, Between Nothingness and Eternity (1973). The original studio versions of tunes on the live album were later released as The Lost Trident Sessions in 1999.

In May 1973, while still with the Mahavishnu Orchestra, Cobham recorded his first solo album, Spectrum with Mahavishnu Orchestra bandmate Jan Hammer, guitarist Tommy Bolin, and bassist Lee Sklar.

Just before the Mahavishnu Orchestra's last touring leg in late 1973, Cobham played drums for guitarists Carlos Santana and John McLaughlin on the 10-city U.S. tour to promote the duo's Love Devotion Surrender (which Cobham played drums on), featuring Coltrane covers, McLaughlin originals, and a greatly expanded version of "Taurian Matador" from Cobham's Spectrum. The entire near 3-hour Chicago show was an FM stereo simulcast.[citation needed]

As bandleader and composer, Cobham recorded a number of other groundbreaking fusion records during the 1970s: Crosswinds (1974), Total Eclipse (1974), A Funky Thide of Sings (1975), and The Billy Cobham – George Duke Band: "Live" on Tour in Europe (1976).

In the 1970s, Cobham recorded extensively for the fusion-oriented CTI Records, founded by producer Creed Taylor. Also during that period he was a member of the New York Jazz Quartet.[citation needed]

In 1976 Cobham played drums on the album To the Heart by Mark-Almond.[citation needed]

1980s work and later[edit]

In 1980, he worked with Jack Bruce, in a band named Jack Bruce & Friends.

On October 30, 1980, he joined up with the Grateful Dead during the band's concert at Radio City Music Hall. He performed a long drum solo session with the band's two percussionists, Bill Kreutzmann and Mickey Hart, also known as the Rhythm Devils.

In 1981, Billy Cobham's Glass Menagerie was formed, featuring Michael Urbaniak on violin & EWI, Gil Goldstein on piano, Tim Landers on bass, and Mike Stern on guitar. Dean Brown replaced Stern when he left to play with Miles Davis. Glass Menagerie released two records for the Elektra Musician label.

In 1984 he played in the band Bobby and the Midnites (which was the primary side project for Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead) with among others Dave Garland, Bobby Cochran, Kenny Gradney (of Little Feat) and recorded the album Where the Beat Meets the Street (1984).[5]

In 1994, he joined an all-star cast at the Los Angeles Greek Theatre and the results appeared on Stanley Clarke, Larry Carlton, Billy Cobham, Najee and Deron Johnson Live at the Greek. The concert was predominantly Clarke's music, but all the musicians contributed material.

In 1998, he joined up with Jimmy Herring (Aquarium Rescue Unit, Frogwings, Widespread Panic), Alphonso Johnson (Weather Report), and T Lavitz (Dixie Dregs) to form the Grateful Dead cover band Jazz Is Dead.[citation needed]

A number of solo albums followed (as of July 2005, Cobham has released more than 30 recordings under his own name), and continues to record, perform and teach.

In 2006, Cobham released Drum'n'Voice 2. This was a return to the 1970s jazz-funk sound, with guests including Jan Hammer, Buddy Miles, John Patitucci, Jeff Berlin, Dominic Miller, Mike Lindup, Airto Moreira, Frank Gambale, Brian Auger, Guy Barker and the band Novecento. The CD was produced and arranged by Pino and Lino Nicolosi for Nicolosi Productions.[6][7]

Cobham was announced as a patron and visiting artist of top London drum college Drumtech in June 2008.[8]

Billy Cobham performing on Réunion in October 2006

Billy Cobham received the award "Bratislav Bata Anastasijevic" at Nisville jazz festival 2008.

In 2009, Cobham released Drum'n'Voice 3. Guests included Chaka Khan, Gino Vannelli, George Duke, Alex Acuna, Bob Mintzer, Brian Auger, John Scofield and Novecento. The CD was produced and arranged by Pino and Lino Nicolosi for Nicolosi productions.

Billy Cobham performed with John McLaughlin at the 44th Montreux Jazz Festival, in Montreux, Switzerland, on Friday, July 2, 2010, for the first time since the band split up.

As of March 2010, Cobham had begun working on a new project with acclaimed Jordanian guitarist Kamal Musallam.[9]

In August 2011 the album Rock the Tabla was released, featuring Cobham, A.R. Rahman, Hossam Ramzy, Omar Faruk Tekbilek & Manu Katché.[10]

In December 2011, Cobham began teaching drums online at the Billy Cobham School of Drums, a school within the ArtistWorks Drum Academy.

He now lives in Switzerland, where he has lived for many years, and when asked about the relocation, he has said that he wanted to study.[11][12]

Comments from other musicians[edit]

Many artists have cited Cobham as an influence, including Jon Theodore of The Mars Volta and Queens of the Stone Age,[13] Mike Portnoy of Dream Theater,[14] Opeth,[15] Brann Dailor of Mastodon,[16] Danny Carey of Tool,[17] Thomas Pridgen of The Mars Volta and Giraffe Tongue Orchestra,[18] Chris Pennie of The Dillinger Escape Plan and Coheed and Cambria,[19] Mac McNeilly of The Jesus Lizard,[20] John Clardy of Tera Melos,[21] Tobias Ralph of the The Adrian Belew Power Trio,[22] and KC Howard of Odious Mortem and Decrepit Birth.[23]

In addition, other artists have been quoted expressing admiration for his work including Steven Wilson of Porcupine Tree,[24] Chris Hornbrook of Poison the Well and Senses Fail,[25] Dave Bainbridge of Iona,[26] and Tony Scaglione of Whiplash.[27]

Equipment[edit]

Drums[edit]

Billy Cobham endorses Tama Drums and regularly uses a Tama STAR bubinga kit[28] with the following sizes:

  • (2x) 18" x 24" bass drums
  • 7" x 8" rack tom
  • 8" x 10" rack tom
  • 9" x 12" rack tom
  • 10" x 13" rack tom
  • 11" x 14" rack tom
  • 12" x 15" rack tom
  • 16" x 16" floor tom
  • 16" x 18" floor tom
  • 6.5" x 14" snare drum
  • 5.5" x 12" snare drum

Over the years, Cobham has endorsed and used Fibes Drums, Mapex Drums and Yamaha Drums, even having his own Yamaha Billy Cobham signature snare drum.[29]

Cymbals[edit]

Billy Cobham endorses Sabian Cymbals and his current setup, as shown on Sabian's website, consists of:

  • 14" Vault Hats
  • 16" AAX El Sabor Picante Hand Crash
  • 16" Artisan Crash
  • 18" Artisan Crash
  • 20" Artisan Crash
  • 22" Artisan Medium Ride
  • 20" HHX Chinese

Before switching to Sabian, he previously played Zildjian cymbals.

Drum heads[edit]

  • Evans EMAD2 Clear (batter) and EMAD Reso on bass drums
  • Evans G2 Coated (top) and 200 (bottom) on snare drum
  • Evans EC2 (top) and G1 Clear (bottom) on toms

In the past, Cobham has endorsed Remo heads.

Sticks[edit]

For many years, Cobham used Pro-Mark drumsticks,[30] but now uses his Vic Firth Billy Cobham Signature Model (SBC).[31]

Percussion and microphones[edit]

Cobham previously endorsed Latin Percussion[32] and Toca Percussion,[33] but now endorses Gon Bops percussion[34] and Shure microphones.[35]

Discography[edit]

  • 1973 – Spectrum
  • 1974 – Crosswinds
  • 1974 – Total Eclipse
  • 1975 – Shabazz
  • 1975 – A Funky Thide of Sings
  • 1976 – Life & Times
  • 1977 – Magic
  • 1978 – Inner Conflicts
  • 1979 - BC
  • 1980 – Flight Time
  • 1981 – Stratus
  • 1982 - Observations & Reflections
  • 1983 - Smokin'
  • 1985 – Warning
  • 1986 – Powerplay
  • 1987 – Picture This
  • 1992 – By Design
  • 1994 – The Traveler
  • 1996 – Nordic
  • 1998 – Focused
  • 1999 – Off Color
  • 2000 – North by Northwest
  • 2001 – Drum & Voice 1 (All That Groove)
  • 2002 – Culture Mix
  • 2003 – The Art of Three
  • 2006 – Art of Four
  • 2006 – Drum & Voice 2
  • 2007 – Fruit from the Loom
  • 2008 – De Cuba y Panama
  • 2009 – Drum & Voice 3
  • 2010 – Palindrome
  • 2014 – Tales From The Skeleton Coast
  • 2015 - Spectrum 40 Live

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/artist/billy-cobham-mn0000767741/biography
  2. ^ "Modern Drummer's Readers Poll Archive, 1979–2014". Modern Drummer. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Billy Cobham Hall of Fame Induction". Classic Drummer. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Steve Huey (May 16, 1944). "Billy Cobham | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  5. ^ "Interview: Billy Cobham ", Hit Channel, 2014.
  6. ^ "Nicolosi Productions". Nicolosi Productions. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  7. ^ [1] Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ [2] Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Billy Cobham, Kamal Musallam & Friends on Facebook". Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  10. ^ ARC Music Productions International limited. "Rock The Tabla website". Rockthetabla.com. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  11. ^ https://www.ft.com/content/eb09778e-ca3c-11e3-bb92-00144feabdc0
  12. ^ http://www.drumminfool.com/article13.htm
  13. ^ Worley, Gail (23 June 2004). "My Favorite Martian: An Interview with Jon Theodore of The Mars Volta". Ink19.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. I have to say that my all-time favorite guy ever is Billy Cobham. I even listen to The Traveler and Power Play, his ’80s records. [...] I’m totally infatuated with him. I love the way he plays and I think it’s so natural, powerful and dynamic at the same time. I pattern a lot of stuff after him. 
  14. ^ "FAQ home - » Drum Playing (Techniques)". www.mikeportnoy.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  15. ^ Hodgson, Peter (16 September 2011). "INTERVIEW: Opeth's Mikael Åkerfeldt". iheartguitarblog.com. Retrieved 14 March 2017. Q: There’s an obvious fusion feel to a lot of the material on Heritage. Where did that come from?
    Mikael Åkerfeldt: [...] the fusion aspect comes from Mahavishnu Orchestra, Billy Cobham... [...]
     
  16. ^ Kearns, Kevin (12 May 2004). "Brann Dailor of Mastodon". Modern Drummer. Q: You must have a big list of drummer influences.
    Brann Dailor: [...] for jazz, Elvin Jones, Tony Williams, and Billy Cobham [...]
     
  17. ^ Oriel, Jane (21 November 2006). "Handyman: Danny Carey, Tool's drummer, talks to DiS". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 14 March 2017. [...] I drew my influences from some of the more jazzier guys like Billy Cobham (John McLaughlin's Mahavishnu Orchestra, Miles Davis) [...] 
  18. ^ Jones, Dave (20 July 2013). "Thomas Pridgen". sightsoundrhythm.tumblr.com. Manchester, United Kingdom. Retrieved 14 March 2017. [...] when I was growing up played with so many different types of people, and did so many different styles. Everyone from Billy Cobham to Art Blakey [...] 
  19. ^ Worley, Gail (7 February 2009). "Coheed & Cambria's Chris Pennie". ink19.com (published 10 April 2009). Retrieved 16 March 2017. Q: Which players have most influenced that aspect of your style, especially with respect to the polyrhythms?
    Chris Pennie: [...] Billy Cobham from the Mahavishnu Orchestra are important influences.
     
  20. ^ "From The Desk Of The Jesus Lizard: Rock Drummers". Magnet. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  21. ^ Sutton, Christopher (19 September 2016). "Drummer John Clardy Does the Math: Practice + Patience + Time". www.musical-u.com. Retrieved 16 March 2017. [...] I discovered Bill Bruford and Billy Cobham, who were also serious game changers for me. I could feel the energy and innovation in their playing, and it spoke to me as being very musical in addition to being creative and virtuosic. 
  22. ^ Haid, Mike (14 October 2014). "The Essence of Progressive Drumming". Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "KC Howard". www.sickdrummermagazine.com. 9 September 2006. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  24. ^ Prasad, Anil (2013). "Steven Wilson - Past presence". Innerviews. [...] Listen to Billy Cobham on a Mahavishnu Orchestra album. It’s like a juggernaut heading towards a cliff edge. It has a feeling of momentum and rushing towards something. 
  25. ^ Mohler, Jordan (9 March 2015). "Interview: Chris Hornbrook (Senses Fail, Poison The Well)". killthemusic.net. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  26. ^ Strik, Henri (January 2015). "Interview Dave Bainbridge - "With this album I was aiming to recapture some of the emotions that first motivated me to devote my life to music"". www.backgroundmagazine.nl. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  27. ^ "Tony Scaglione". www.sickdrummermagazine.com. 26 March 2010. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  28. ^ "Billy Cobham", Tama.
  29. ^ http://usa.yamaha.com/products/musical-instruments/drums/snaredrums/snaredrum-signature/asd-1460bc/
  30. ^ http://www.operarex.com/Fotos4/J5122%20-%20Pro%20Mark.jpg
  31. ^ http://vicfirth.com/products/drum-sticks/signature-sticks/billy-cobham/
  32. ^ http://drumminfool.com/images/Cobham%20timbales.jpg
  33. ^ http://www.independent.com.mt/articles/2005-05-21/news/renzo-spiteri-receives-international-endorsement-releases-solo-album-75726/
  34. ^ http://www.gonbops.com/artists/billy-cobham/
  35. ^ http://www.billycobham.com/flash/links.php

External links[edit]