St Nicholas' parish church
|Area||7.73 km2 (2.98 sq mi)|
|Population||1,649 (2011 census)|
|• Density||213/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Rotherfield Greys is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern Hills in South Oxfordshire. It is 2 miles (3 km) west of Henley-on-Thames and just over 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Rotherfield Peppard (locally known as Peppard). It is linked by a near-straight minor road to Henley.
The Domesday Book of 1086 mentions Rotherfield Greys under the ownership of the Norman knight Anchetil de Greye and in a period when the county was administered in hundreds, in Binfield Hundred. Rotherfield derives from the Old English redrefeld meaning "cattle lands". Around 1347, a castle was built at Rotherfield Greys; it is now in ruins. The parish church includes the 16th-century Knollys Chapel, which houses an ornate tomb of the Knollys family. This includes effigies of Sir Francis Knollys and his wife, who was lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth I.
In the parish is Greys Court, whose predecessor was the manor house of the Grey family. It is owned and maintained by the National Trust and its Dower House is likewise in the top category of listed building, Grade I. As to other buildings, ruins and monuments 31 are listed in the parish for historic or architectural merit, most in the Grade II starting category.
- "Area: Rotherfield Greys CP (Parish): Parish Headcounts". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- Open Domesday Online: Rotherfield Greys
- St. Nicholas' Church, Rotherfield Greys
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 734.
- The Maltsters Arms
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1181202)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
Sources and further reading
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 734–737. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- Townley, Simon C, ed. (2011). A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 16: Binfield Hundred (Part One): Henley-on-Thames and Environs. Victoria County History. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer. ISBN 978-1-904356-38-7.
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