|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
For Al Ruwais in Qatar, see Ar Ru'ays.
|Country||United Arab Emirates|
|Emirate||Emirate of Abu Dhabi|
|Municipal Region||Al Gharbia|
Al Ruwais is a town located some 240 kilometers west of Abu Dhabi city in the Western Region of Abu Dhabi Emirate. The Ruwais industrial and housing complex has been developed by ADNOC as a major contributor to the national economy and represents a series of multimillion-dollar investments by the company. Once a small fishing headland from which a handful of people scratched a seasonal living, Ruwais today is one of the most modern industrial complexes in the Middle East.
In the 1970s, plans were laid to transform a remote desert site into a self-contained industrial town, geared to fulfilling the downstream requirements of Abu Dhabi's booming oil and gas industry. Centered on Takreer's Ruwais Refinery, the complex was officially inaugurated in 1982 by Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the late President of the UAE and Ruler of Abu Dhabi, and the visionary behind Abu Dhabi's remarkable development and prosperity. In addition to the original 120,000 barrels (19,000 m3)-per-day refinery, which was expanded in 1985 with the commissioning of a 27,000 bbl/d (4,300 m3/d) hydro cracker complex, major facilities at Ruwais include a natural gas liquids fractionation plant operated by Abu Dhabi Gas Industries Ltd (GASCO), a fertilizer plant run by Ruwais Fertilizer Industries, Borouge, a marine terminal and a sulfur handling terminal.
Ruwais has also been developed into a model 'new town' with a population of several thousand. The Ruwais Housing Complex, covering an area of six square kilometers, is located 10 kilometers away from the industrial plants. The complex has its own shops, schools, banks, mosques, clinic and hospital, and a wide range of sporting and leisure amenities including a beach club and an 'in-house' TV station.
- 1 Takreer Ruwais Refinery
- 2 Ruwais Housing Complex
- 3 Ruwais Mall
- 4 RHC Hospital and Clinic
- 5 Ruwais site conditions
- 6 Inside Ruwais
- 7 Schooling
- 8 DANAT Hotel
- 9 Investments in Ruwais
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Takreer Ruwais Refinery
The Ruwais Refinery was commissioned in June, 1981, and was inaugurated officially in March 1982.
The following are the Refinery Installations:
- Crude Distillilation and Desalting Unit
- Naphtha HydroDesulphurisation Unit
- Catalytic Reformer Unit
- Kerosene HydroTreater Unit
- Heavy Gas Oil HydroDesulphuriser Unit
- Vacuum Unit
- Unibon Unit
- Hydrogen Unit
- Acid Gas removal Unit
- Refinery Utilities
- Tank Farm and Offsites
- Marine Terminal
- Unleaded Gasoline Unit
- Green Diesel
- General Utility Plant
- BeAAT Plant (Central Environmental Facilities)
Ruwais Housing Complex
Ruwais Housing Complex (RHC) — which has its own shopping centers, schools, mosques, medical services, sports and recreation centers, banking and postal services, and a cable TV and video station — covers an area of six square kilometers. It lies between Ruwais Industrial Complex and Jebel Dhana, just off the main highway running westwards into Saudi Arabia. RHC was built in two phases between 1979 and 1984; in line with ADNOC's policy of ensuring that employees and their families have the very best of social and welfare facilities, all efforts have been made to make it a fully integrated community.
The complex has 1,357 residential units, ranging from one-bedroom apartments to four-bedroom, double-story 'executive' villas. All have modern furnishing and fittings and are set amidst landscaped grounds. A large area of RHC has been planted with a variety of trees, shrubs, flower beds and lawns. It has a number of recreation parks and a green belt around the perimeter covers 140 hectares which is planted with more than 22,000 trees. To ensure a regular supply of plants all year round, the complex has its own nursery to propagate seeding. This has up to 250,000 plants in stock.
Although families who live in RHC are some 250 kilometers away from Abu Dhabi, a limited range of consumer goods is available. The complex has three commercial centers with more than 40 shops and two markets selling everything from foodstuffs to electrical goods, household items and basic clothing.
The educational needs of Ruwrfais children, from nursery through to secondary level, are met by a total of 10 schools. Seven are managed by the Ministry of Education and three are privately owned, offering British or Indian systems. The schools, private and government, are equipped with modern classrooms and other facilities, such as science laboratories and libraries.
RHC has two recreation centers, one exclusively for women. The other is currently undergoing major renovation but will be open to all. Sports facilities include a swimming pool open to men, gymnasium, theatre, bowling alley, general activity halls, tennis courts, library, restaurants and cafeterias. Cultural events, often involving troupes and performers from overseas, are staged regularly at the recreation centers. Residents also have access to a beach club at Jebel Dhanna, which in addition to water sports facilities has a TV and Games hall. There is also a local TV and video station which operates on a cable network.
The complex has all the ancillary services required of a modern town, including a well-maintained road network, street lighting in all areas, and a sewage system which includes a treatment plant for recycling sewage water for irrigation purposes. Electricity and desalinated water supplies are provided directly from the refinery.
Ruwais was affected by a storm in mid-November, which uprooted about 2000 trees.
Ruwais Town is divided into 5 parts:
Ruwais 1 was inaugurated in 1982, and mostly consists of villas and a few four-story apartment buildings. The Ruwais Recreation Center, as well as the iconic "Ruwais Duck Pond" (which is currently closed due to works) are located here. Ruwais 1 is nearer to the Refinery, and also is the place where many businesses are located. From supermarkets to sport shops; banks to travel agencies; groceries, saloons, restaurants, furniture, bakeries, stationery shops, clothing shops, and gift shops, you can find anything in Ruwais 1. The villas are primarily based in 1970s and 1980s villas from the United States of America. It is the oldest area in Ruwais, and is located in the north. The Main Ruwais Bus Stop and a heli-pad along with schools are also located here. Several parks give the residents some enjoyment. The Ruwais Housing Complex Clinic was located here, near the Ruwais Ladies Club. After the opening of the Ruwais Hospital, the clinic was moved to Ruwais 3. The Bank Building, called because several banks and travel agencies are located here.
The Emirates General Market, a part of the EMKE Group, is located here, and is where most South Asians shop. The Abu Dhabi Market is located in the western side, and it is mostly used by Europeans and East Asians. The Ruwais Automatic Bakeries is commonly used by labourers and nearby residents.
The Senior Campus of International School of SABIS School and the two junior schools of Asian International Pvt. School are located here. Kindergarten campus of Ruwais Private School and Borouge Training Centers are also found here. Buses are shuttled around every 1 and half hours, and common destinations are the Ruwais Mall, Ruwais Hospital and markets.
Built during 2000–2002, it has hundreds of four-floored apartments. It is known for its large park, the Ruwais 2 Park. It provides a popular resting spot, and many families have dinner here during the cool nights. It has many rides to attract children. Ruwais 2 mostly consists of residencies, and has one small grocery store and a fast food restaurant. The senior campus of Asian International School is located here.
Ruwais 3 is located to the south of Ruwais 2, and it is divided by an avenue road. The Higher College of Technology, Ruwais is located here. It consists fully of apartments, while new villas for local residents are also built here.
Ruwais 4 consists mainly of 5-, 7- and newly built 11-floor buildings. The location is close to Glenelg School Of Abu Dhabi, Ruwais. A new male health center will be built shortly. Two ADNOC oasis 365 are built, one in building 130 and one in 143. These shops provide groceries to travelers and locals.
Ruwais 5 consists of high-rise flats of 12- and 15-floor buildings. It is located opposite to Ruwais 4. All the latest modern technological advancements are installed within the buildings.
On January 29, 2014, the first ever mall in Ruwais was inaugurated. It consists of a department store and a grocery shop. The branch of these shops is Lulu Hypermarket. The mall has two well known ice cream shops, Cold Stone Creamery and London Dairy. It has two well-known fast food restaurants - KFC and Pizza Hut. For children, there is another attraction - Funville. Near Funville lies Cine Royal, the mall's cinema. 3D cinemas show the latest releases. Two shops for sports franchises have been built, Athletic's Co. and Sun and Sand Sports Co. These shops sell products from worldwide companies such as Nike, Adidas, Reebok, Nike, Dunlop, and Wilson. An Indian restaurant, Royal Tandoor, is also available. Starbucks Coffee has recently opened which is located outside the main entrance.
- Sun and Sand Sports
- Little Thinker
- Malabar Gold and Diamonds
- The Children's Place
- Cold Stone Creamery
RHC Hospital and Clinic
A purpose-built local, modern general hospital opened in 2012 to cater for medical, clinical and dental needs of residents. The hospital is administered by the Medical Services Division of the Administration Directorate. Ruwais Hospital is a 36-bed acute-care facility providing the full range of general and emergency medical services, including cardiology, maternity, pediatrics, dentistry and ophthalmology, on both an outpatient and inpatient basis. The emergency department, staffed by highly skilled medical officers and well-trained nurses, is open 24 hours a day and operates a round-the-clock ambulance service, not only for ADNOC employees and their families but the whole of the immediate neighborhood. Ambulance crews are on hand, for example, to attend LO road accidents along the highway between Tarif and Sila. The RHC Clinic is now fully integrated with Ruwais Hospital, and provides a comprehensive health-care programme to all residents of the housing complex. It offers a wide range of general practitioner and specialist services, including nursing and child welfare, immunization and vaccination, school health, dental and physiotherapy services. Ruwais Housing Complex is managed by Ruwais Housing Division, part of the ADNOC Administration Director. For specialist medical services, many residents are often obliged to travel the 240 km for an appointment with other health professionals.
Ruwais site conditions
The average daytime temperature of the area rarely exceeds 41 C, with an extreme maximum of 50 C. In the winter months the lowest daytime mean temperature is usually not below 20 C.
Relative humidity is high throughout the year, averaging about 70% and reaching 95% or more in the early morning hours and late nights. In winter the humidity may temporarily fall below 50% during a shamal (strong wind).
The rainfall in Ruwais is not accurately known but ranges approximately between 0 and 100 millimeters, averaging around 20 millimeters per year. Most rainfall occurs during November to March in the form of showers or thunderstorms. In an average year, measurable rain may fall on about 7 to 10 days.
Given that Ruwais is a smaller city, it enjoys a huge population of workers and employees, who enjoy the peacefulness of the town. Projects are always on the rise and work never ends but when their shifts are over the Ruwaisians never tire of watching the sunset and smoking shisha at the beach rest area.
Ruwais is a peaceful place due to minimal traffic. It is not like the big cities of Abu-Dhabi and Dubai. It is pollution-free and calm. For relaxing, the Ruwaisians like going to the beach, or hanging out at the recreation center which consists of a bowling alley, swimming pool, cinema, theater, library, food corner, tennis area, restaurant, hall and other facilities. Ruwais 2 park is a very common place to meet up with people. It is situated near the two tennis courts and football court. People come there to play, hang out, or walk.
Another attraction is the 3 BLUE TANKERS, the water towers which people climb to watch the amazing sunsets.
Education in Ruwais is from three main schools, The Asian International Pvt. School, International school of Chouefat and Adnoc School of Abu Dhabi.
- The ADNOC School of Abu Dhabi
There are a few public school as well, which most Arabs tend to troll their children in.
9 km from the RHC, this seaside hotel was built in 2004 and offers five-star service. Three restaurants offer a range of cuisines, and there is a large outdoor recreation area.
Investments in Ruwais
There are large investments in Ruwais that are helping it to progress. There are more plans for Ruwais, led by the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company. ADNOC is the largest investor in Ruwais, making Ruwais its major hub for its oil products.
The Shuweihat S1 Independent Water and Power Project comprises a “greenfield” power generation and water desalination facility (the Plant), in operation since 2004, with a power generation capacity of 1500 MW and 100 MIGD distillate.
Other businesses in the area include:
- ADWEA (SCIPCO)
- S2 Ruwais Power Company (S2 Power and Desalination Plant) S2 O&M Company
- Shuweihat Asia Power Company (S3 Power Plant 1600 MW Gas Combined Cycle)
- ADNOC of Abu Dhabi
- International School of Choueifat - Ruwais (private school)
- Asian International School
- Al Fardan Exchange (for remittance and foreign currency)
- Abu Dhabi Market
- Euro Emirates camp (accommodation and catering services)
- Emirates General Market
- Adnoc Oasis
- Ruwais Automatic Bakery
- Jizzin cafeteria
- Ruwais Garden restaurant
- Fathima Supermarket
- UAE Exchange Centre LLC
- Al Ruwais Pharmacy
- Emirates General Market (a branch of LuLu)
- Adil Trading Co.
- Al Ruwais Supermarket
- Grocery store
- Gift shop
- Sidney 3000 Saloon
- Al Yas Saloon
- Mr. White Laundry
- Clean Go
- Kodak Express Studio
- Silver Star Fruit Restaurant
- Vegetable Market
- Fish Market
- Omeir Travel Agency Ltd.
- Stationery shop
- Fathima Electronics
- Nayak Gift Shop
- Southern Fried Chicken (SFC)
- Tasty Hut Restaurant
- Dubai Restaurant
- Fathima Market
- Al-Safa Saloon
- Car wash
- Al Ruwais Cafe
- Sports shop
- Ruwais Shopping Mall
-  Archived July 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Company". Takreer. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- "Welcome to GASCO". Gasco.ae. 2011-05-03. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- "Home". Borouge.com. 2008-06-21. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- "Welcome to GSAD". Gsad.sch.ae. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- "Euro Emirates Group : Homepage". Euroemirates.com. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- "Ruwais Shopping Mall - Engineering Consultants Group S.A". Ecgsa.com. Retrieved 2014-03-07.
- Ruwais Housing Complex - News and ads for the Ruwais community