Safiental

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Safiental
Valendas town center and fountain
Valendas town center and fountain
Coat of arms of Safiental
Coat of arms
Safiental is located in Switzerland
Safiental
Safiental
Location of Safiental
Karte Gemeinde Safiental 2016.png
Safiental is located in Canton of Graubünden
Safiental
Safiental
Safiental (Canton of Graubünden)
Coordinates: 46°47′N 9°16′E / 46.783°N 9.267°E / 46.783; 9.267Coordinates: 46°47′N 9°16′E / 46.783°N 9.267°E / 46.783; 9.267
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
Area[1]
 • Total 151.42 km2 (58.46 sq mi)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 897
 • Density 5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
Postal code 7122/7104/7107/7106
SFOS number 3672
Surrounded by Castrisch, Flims, Riein, Sagogn, Bonaduz, Präz, Rhäzüns, Trin, Casti-Wergenstein, Duvin, Flerden, Mathon, Nufenen, Pitasch, Portein, Sankt Martin, Sarn, Splügen, Sufers, Tschappina, Vals
Website http://gemeinde.safiental.ch
SFSO statistics

Safiental is a municipality in the Surselva Region in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The municipalities of Valendas, Versam, Safien and Tenna merged on 1 January 2013 into the new municipality of Safiental.[3]

History[edit]

Valendas is first mentioned in 765 as in Valendano.[4] Versam is first mentioned in 1050 as a valle Versamia.[5] Safien is first mentioned in 1219 as Stosavia.[6] Tenna is first mentioned in 1398 as Thena.[7]

Formerly inhabited by Romansh speakers, it was settled by the Walser in the late 13th century. Population fell from 1,798 in 1850 to 994 in 1980 and has since stabilized just around 1,000.

Geography[edit]

Versam village church
The Neukirch (New Church) hamlet of Safien village

Safiental has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 151.42 km2 (58.46 sq mi).[1] Of this area, about 38.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 31.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and 29.0% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 64 ha (160 acres) or about 0.4% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 21 ha (52 acres) over the 1984/85 amount.

Of the agricultural land, 11 ha (27 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 1,398 ha (3,450 acres) is fields and grasslands and 4,683 ha (11,570 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1984/85 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 416 ha (1,030 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 362 ha (890 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 238 ha (590 acres) in the municipality.[8][9]

The municipality contains the Safien valley, an alpine valley of the Canton of Graubünden, branching off the Vorderrhein valley.

Safien had an area, as of 2006, of 100.6 km2 (38.8 sq mi). Of this area, 45.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (35.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[10] Safien was the capital of the Safien sub-district of the Surselva district in the mid and upper Safien valley. The valley is drained by the Rabiusa river. The former municipality consists of the village of Safien-Platz (elevation: 1,350 m (4,430 ft)) and scattered hamlets and single farm houses throughout the valley.

Tenna had an area, as of 2006, of 11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Of this area, 45.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (19.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[10] It is a German-speaking collection of small settlements on a terrace above the west side of the Safien valley. It consists of the village of Tenna which is made up of the sections of Ausserberg, Mitte and Innerberg as well as the hamlets of Acla and Egschi along the valley road.

Valendas had an area, as of 2006, of 22.8 km2 (8.8 sq mi). Of this area, 21.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 48.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (27.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[10] It is located above the right side of the Vorderrhein canyon. It consists of the haufendorf village (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Valendas and the hamlets of Carrera, Brün, Dutjen and Turisch.

Versam had an area, as of 2006, of 16.8 km2 (6.5 sq mi). Of this area, 16.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 70.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (10.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[10] It is located above the Vorderrhein canyon at the entrance to the Safien Valley. It consists of the linear village of Versam and the hamlets of Versam-Station, Arezen, Calörtsch and Sculms.

Demographics[edit]

Safiental has a population (as of December 2016) of 897.[2] As of 2015, 5.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 5 years (2010-2015) the population has changed at a rate of -5.49%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2015, was 15.6, while the death rate was 7.8 per thousand residents.[9]

As of 2015, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 21.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 54.7% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 23.5%.[9] In 2015 there were 380 single residents, 406 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 55 widows or widowers and 55 divorced residents.[11]

In 2015 there were 359 private households in Safiental with an average household size of 2.49 persons. In 2015 about 60.5% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is greater than the percentage in the canton (49.4%) and about the same as the percentage nationally (57.4%).[12] In 2014 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 3.35. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2016, was 0.8%.[9]

Historic Population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[13]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Türelihus and the Haus Joos with attached barn in Valendas and the Swiss Reformed Church in Tenna are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[14]

The Türelihus (Türeli House) is located in the center of Valendas and is one of the most historically valuable houses in the village. The interior contains many of the original furnishings from the Renaissance and Baroque eras. The original building was constructed in 1485. In 1554 it was expanded, this expansion was known as the Renaissance phase, with a spiral staircase within a tower and a stable was added to the north side. In 1775 it was renovated in the baroque style. The four-story building was abandoned for many years and had begun to decay. In 1994, the first attempt to renovate this building ended with only the addition of a temporary roof.[15]

The oldest part of the Haus Joos may date to about 1300. The attached barn has a date of 1572 carved into it. However, the building is currently in poor condition and has not been used for a number of years.[16]

Transport[edit]

Versam-Safien station on the valley floor

The municipality is served by two railway stations on the line of the Rhaetian Railway that links Chur and Disentis, these being Versam-Safien and Valendas-Sagogn. Versam-Safien station is located some 250 metres (820 ft) lower than the village of Versam, and about 3.6 km (2.2 mi) to the north. To reach the village directly, a Postauto bus service provides a connection, which also serves Thalkirch and Tenna. Similarly, Valendas-Sagogn station lies some 120 metres (390 ft) below and 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) distant from the village of Valendas.[17][18][19]

In popular culture[edit]

The 2012 feature film The Hour of Living is largely set in Safiental, with especially Grossalp Piggamad, as well as Z'hinderst, Bodaälpli and Alperschällihorn with its Gletscherseeli all serving as prominent locations.[20][21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 2 January 2013
  4. ^ Valendas in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Versam in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Safien in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Tenna in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  8. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". http://www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. External link in |website= (help)
  9. ^ a b c d Regionalporträts 2017: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 18 May 2017
  10. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 4 January 2013
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016
  12. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2015 accessed 18 May 2017
  13. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 2012-03-17 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  14. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 20-Nov-2009
  15. ^ Türeli-Haus from the municipality website (in German) accessed 20 November 2009
  16. ^ Valendas website (in German) accessed 20 November 2009
  17. ^ "1195 – Safiental" (Map). Versam-Safien (2016 ed.). 1:25 000. National Map 1:25'0000. Federal Office for Topography - swisstopo. 2014. ISBN 978-3-302-01195-0. Retrieved 2017-06-05 – via map.geo.admin.ch.
  18. ^ "Versam Station–Versam Dorf–Thalkirch/Tenna" [Official Timetable of Switzerland] (PDF). Offiziellen Kursbuches der Schweiz (in German). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-06-06. Retrieved 2017-06-06.
  19. ^ "1194 - Flims" (Map). Valendas-Sagogn railway station (2016 ed.). 1:25 000. National Map 1:25'000. Federal Office of Topography - swisstopo. 2014. ISBN 978-3-302-01194-3. Retrieved 2017-06-05 – via map.geo.admin.ch.
  20. ^ IMDb Entry for The Hour of Living accessed 13 February 2013
  21. ^ Official Website The Hour of Living accessed 13 February 2013