Valendas town center and fountain
|• Total||151.42 km2 (58.46 sq mi)|
|Population (Dec 2016)|
|• Density||5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Castrisch, Flims, Riein, Sagogn, Bonaduz, Präz, Rhäzüns, Trin, Casti-Wergenstein, Duvin, Flerden, Mathon, Nufenen, Pitasch, Portein, Sankt Martin, Sarn, Splügen, Sufers, Tschappina, Vals|
Safiental is a municipality in the Surselva Region in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The municipalities of Valendas, Versam, Safien and Tenna merged on 1 January 2013 into the new municipality of Safiental.
Valendas is first mentioned in 765 as in Valendano. Versam is first mentioned in 1050 as a valle Versamia. Safien is first mentioned in 1219 as Stosavia. Tenna is first mentioned in 1398 as Thena.
Safiental has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 151.42 km2 (58.46 sq mi). Of this area, about 38.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 31.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and 29.0% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 64 ha (160 acres) or about 0.4% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 21 ha (52 acres) over the 1984/85 amount.
Of the agricultural land, 11 ha (27 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 1,398 ha (3,450 acres) is fields and grasslands and 4,683 ha (11,570 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1984/85 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 416 ha (1,030 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 362 ha (890 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 238 ha (590 acres) in the municipality.
Safien had an area, as of 2006[update], of 100.6 km2 (38.8 sq mi). Of this area, 45.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (35.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). Safien was the capital of the Safien sub-district of the Surselva district in the mid and upper Safien valley. The valley is drained by the Rabiusa river. The former municipality consists of the village of Safien-Platz (elevation: 1,350 m (4,430 ft)) and scattered hamlets and single farm houses throughout the valley.
Tenna had an area, as of 2006[update], of 11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Of this area, 45.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (19.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). It is a German-speaking collection of small settlements on a terrace above the west side of the Safien valley. It consists of the village of Tenna which is made up of the sections of Ausserberg, Mitte and Innerberg as well as the hamlets of Acla and Egschi along the valley road.
Valendas had an area, as of 2006[update], of 22.8 km2 (8.8 sq mi). Of this area, 21.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 48.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (27.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). It is located above the right side of the Vorderrhein canyon. It consists of the haufendorf village (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Valendas and the hamlets of Carrera, Brün, Dutjen and Turisch.
Versam had an area, as of 2006[update], of 16.8 km2 (6.5 sq mi). Of this area, 16.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 70.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (10.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). It is located above the Vorderrhein canyon at the entrance to the Safien Valley. It consists of the linear village of Versam and the hamlets of Versam-Station, Arezen, Calörtsch and Sculms.
Safiental has a population (as of December 2016[update]) of 897. As of 2015[update], 5.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 5 years (2010-2015) the population has changed at a rate of -5.49%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2015, was 15.6, while the death rate was 7.8 per thousand residents.
As of 2015[update], children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 21.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 54.7% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 23.5%. In 2015 there were 380 single residents, 406 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 55 widows or widowers and 55 divorced residents.
In 2015 there were 359 private households in Safiental with an average household size of 2.49 persons. In 2015 about 60.5% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is greater than the percentage in the canton (49.4%) and about the same as the percentage nationally (57.4%). In 2014 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 3.35. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2016[update], was 0.8%.
The historical population is given in the following chart:
Heritage sites of national significance
The Türelihus (Türeli House) is located in the center of Valendas and is one of the most historically valuable houses in the village. The interior contains many of the original furnishings from the Renaissance and Baroque eras. The original building was constructed in 1485. In 1554 it was expanded, this expansion was known as the Renaissance phase, with a spiral staircase within a tower and a stable was added to the north side. In 1775 it was renovated in the baroque style. The four-story building was abandoned for many years and had begun to decay. In 1994, the first attempt to renovate this building ended with only the addition of a temporary roof.
The oldest part of the Haus Joos may date to about 1300. The attached barn has a date of 1572 carved into it. However, the building is currently in poor condition and has not been used for a number of years.
Swiss Reformed Church in Tenna
The municipality is served by two railway stations on the line of the Rhaetian Railway that links Chur and Disentis, these being Versam-Safien and Valendas-Sagogn. Versam-Safien station is located some 250 metres (820 ft) lower than the village of Versam, and about 3.6 km (2.2 mi) to the north. To reach the village directly, a Postauto bus service provides a connection, which also serves Thalkirch and Tenna. Similarly, Valendas-Sagogn station lies some 120 metres (390 ft) below and 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) distant from the village of Valendas.
In popular culture
The 2012 feature film The Hour of Living is largely set in Safiental, with especially Grossalp Piggamad, as well as Z'hinderst, Bodaälpli and Alperschällihorn with its Gletscherseeli all serving as prominent locations.
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 2 January 2013
- Valendas in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Versam in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Safien in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Tenna in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". http://www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016. External link in
- Regionalporträts 2017: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 18 May 2017
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 4 January 2013
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016
- Statistical Atlas of Switzerland - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2015 accessed 18 May 2017
- Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 2012-03-17 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 20-Nov-2009
- Türeli-Haus from the municipality website (in German) accessed 20 November 2009
- Valendas website (in German) accessed 20 November 2009
- "1195 – Safiental" (Map). Versam-Safien (2016 ed.). 1:25 000. National Map 1:25'0000. Federal Office for Topography - swisstopo. 2014. ISBN 978-3-302-01195-0. Retrieved 2017-06-05 – via map.geo.admin.ch.
- "Versam Station–Versam Dorf–Thalkirch/Tenna" [Official Timetable of Switzerland] (PDF). Offiziellen Kursbuches der Schweiz (in German). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-06-06. Retrieved 2017-06-06.
- "1194 - Flims" (Map). Valendas-Sagogn railway station (2016 ed.). 1:25 000. National Map 1:25'000. Federal Office of Topography - swisstopo. 2014. ISBN 978-3-302-01194-3. Retrieved 2017-06-05 – via map.geo.admin.ch.
- IMDb Entry for The Hour of Living accessed 13 February 2013
- Official Website The Hour of Living accessed 13 February 2013
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Safiental GR.|