Sambourne Village Green
|Population||1,805 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||120 miles(192km) SE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
Sambourne, formerly spelled Sambourn, is a hamlet and civil parish 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north-west of Coughton, 12 miles (19 km) from Stratford upon Avon and 20 miles (32 km) from Warwick in the county of Warwickshire, England. It is situated on sloping ground rising westwards to about 500 feet near the ancient Ridge Way, which forms the county boundary with Worcestershire. The village itself is centred round a small triangular green at the junction of four roads and contains several timber-framed buildings of 17th century date. By a designation of 22 July 1991 much of the central area became a conservation area.
The earliest reference to Sambourne is of 714 when it is recorded as being given by Egwin Bishop of Worcester to the monastery at Evesham upon its foundation. Dugdale quotes the conventional date for the Abbey's foundation. This holding is confirmed by the Domesday Book which records, Land of Evesham Church, "The church itself holds in Sambourne 3 hides. Land for 4 ploughs. In lordship 1;2 slaves; 2 villagers and 4 smallholders with 3 ploughs. Woodland 1 league long and ½ league wide. The value was 20s now 30s." The mediaeval history of the hamlet is bound up with that of the Royal Forest of Feckenham, where the abbots of Evesham at one time enclosed a considerable amount of the King's hunting forest without permission. The whole village was taken into the Forest by King John, but the lord of the manor, the Abbot of Evesham, and his tenants assarted and inclosed a considerable area of the forest from time to time, with or without leave. The abbey claimed royal charters making it quit of waste, regardless of the view of foresters, verderers or the king's servants. In 1280, however, the abbot had to pay 50 marks to recover his wood of Sambourne which had been seized due to the disputes between his bailiffs and the Crown. Upon the dissollution it passed from the Crown to the Throckmortons of Coughton.
Whilst Domesday makes no mention of a mill a century later it is recorded that the mill of Sambourne was let out. In 1433 the Abbot of Evesham demised to John Throckmorton land in Sambourne, which was later confirmed upon John's son, Robert Throckmorton. It included the river and fishing from Spernall to Coughton and mills and fisheries are later enumerated in the demise of the manor to Robert Throckmorton in 1538.
In the seventeenth century Sambourn was one of the earliest centres of the local needle-making industry. Edward Cooke (1798–1873), a needle manufacturer who lived and died at Sambourn, had for a wife, Hannah née Turberville (1799–1873), whose family are said to have entered England with William The Conqueror. The area is now largely agricultural with many residents commuting to nearby cities for employment.
Sambourne is part of Stratford on Avon District Council and represented by Councillor Justin Kerridge, Conservative . Nationally it is part of Stratford-on-Avon (UK Parliament constituency), whose current Member of Parliament is Nadhim Zahawi of the Conservative Party. It is included in the West Midlands electoral region of the European Parliament, following the 2014 elections the seven members are; Philip Bradbourn OBE, (who died in December 2014) and Anthea McIntyre (Conservative), Neena Gill and Sion Simon (Labour) and Jim Carver, Bill Etheridge and Jill Seymour (UK Independence).
The Green Dragon Inn, a modern brick public house, has a lower east extension of 17th-century timber-framing, and a tiled roof. The comedian, Tony Hancock's mother was licensee of the premises from 1941–46, there is a plaque behind the bar commemorating the fact.
A thatched cottage, east of it also has framing, of around 1600. The village green contains a war memorial to the men of the parish who fell in the First World War. The names include Lt Col Richard Courtenay Brabazon Throckmorton, nephew of Sir William Throckmorton, Baronet, of Coughton Court, Warwickshire; husband of Lilian Throckmorton. He had served upwards of 21 years with 23rd Royal Welch Fusiliers and was killed in action in 1916 whilst commanding 5th Battalion Wiltshire Regiment in Messopotamia. He is commemorated on the Basra memorial
The nearest railway station is now Redditch since Coughton station closed in 1952 and the line in 1962 following the Beeching report. Sambourne is 2 miles from the A435, the Roman Ryknild Street with links into the major routes of A46 and the M42. The 512 bus stops in the village by previous telephone request on Mondays connecting to Stratford Upon Avon and Redditch.
- VCH Parishes: Sambourne', A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 3: Barlichway hundred (1945), pp. 86-88. Retrieved 6 January 2010
- Stratford-on-Avon District Council Retrieved 16 January 2010
- William Dugdale, The Antiquities of Warwickshire
- Domesday Book for Warwickshire, Phillimore edited by John Morris ISBN 0-85033-141-2
- Cave, Lyndon F. (1976) Warwickshire Villages, London, p.91, ISBN 0-7091-5509-3
- Commonwealth War Graves Commission Retrieved 16 January 2010
- Warwickshire County Council. Retrieved 16 January 2010
Media related to Sambourne at Wikimedia Commons