Saudi Arabia lobby in the United States
The Saudi Arabia lobby in the United States is a collection of lawyers, public relation firms and professional lobbyists paid directly by the government of Saudi Arabia to lobby the public and government of the United States on behalf of the interests of the government of Saudi Arabia.
Power of the lobby
The long and corrupt history of American-Saudi relations centers around the kingdom's vast reserves of easily extractable oil, of course. Ever since President Franklin D. Roosevelt met aboard ship in 1945 with King Ibn Saud, the special relationship with the desert kingdom has only grown stronger. The House of Saud is usually happy to sell us oil at a consistent and reasonable price and then increase production if unseemly market forces drive the world price of a barrel too high for U.S. consumers. In exchange we arm the Saudis to the teeth and turn a blind eye to their medieval approach to crime and punishment.
George Washington University Professor Hossein Askari blames the "power of the Saudi lobby in Washington" for the failure of the American government to defend the democracy protesters in Bahrain in 2011. According to Askari, "our marriage to the Al-Sauds threatens our (American) national security."
Role of Bandar bin Sultan
In the assessment of The Economist, "No Arab ambassador—perhaps no ambassador—has come close to matching Prince Bandar’s influence in the American capital. At the height of his powers he was indispensable to both sides: in Mr Ottaway’s words, “at once the king’s exclusive messenger and the White House’s errand boy”. The Prince's "feats" of lobbying legerdemain included securing the purchase of AWACS surveillance aircraft in the teeth of fierce Israeli and congressional opposition, and augmenting his influence with the Reagan administration by quietly supplying $32m to the Contras in Nicaragua and $10m to anti-communist politicians in Italy.
Following the money
In the first decade of the 21st century the Saudis paid approximately $100 million to American firms to lobby the American government.
Major lobbying firms that work as lobbyists in the pay of the Saudi government include Hill & Knowlton, which has been employed to lobby for Saudi Arabia since 1982. Qorvis Communications has worked for Saudi Arabia since the 9/11 attacks, receiving over $60.3 million over the course of a decade.Hogan Lovells U.S., L.L.P., formerly Hogan & Harston, worked for Saudi Arabia in 2009. The Loeffler Group, LLP, headed by former Congressman Tom Loeffler of Texas, was paid $10.5 million by the Saudi government during the first decade of the century, and gave Sandler Innocenzi, Inc. $8.9 million. Patton Boggs, LLP, earned over $3 million from Saudi Arabia for lobbying in the first decade of the century.
A partial list of firms that have been paid by Saudi Arabia to lobby the American government includes:
- Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP: $220,770
- Boland & Madigan, Inc: $420,000
- Burson-Marsteller: $3,619,286.85
- Cambridge Associates, Ltd.: $8,505
- Cassidy & Associates, Inc: $720,000
- DNX Partners, LLC: $225,000
- Dutton & Dutton, PC: $3,694,350
- Fleishman-Hillard: $6,400,000
- Gallagher Group, LLC: $612,337.37
- Iler Interests, LP: $388,231.14
- Loeffler Tuggey Pauerstein Rosenthal, LLP: $2,350,457.12
- Loeffler, Jonas & Tuggey, LLP: $1,260,000
- MPD Consultants, LLP: $1,447,267.13
- Powell Tate, Inc: $900,732.77
- John MacArthur  "The Vast Power of the Saudi Lobby", April 2007, Harper's Magazine
- Hossein Sakari  " A Marriage Made in Hell," march 18, 2011, The National Interest.
- "Prince Bandar bin Sultan: Larger-than-life diplomacy", The Economist, 6 November 2008, retrieved 5 December 2010
- Jeffrey Goldberg,  Fact-Checking Stephen Walt, December 8, 2010, The Atlantic
- Kurlantzick, Joshua (2007-05-07). "Putting Lipstick on a Dictator". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2007-08-22.
- Lichtblau, Eric (1 March 2011). "Arab Uprisings Put U.S. Lobbyists in Uneasy Spot". The New York Times.
- Michael Goldfarb,  Weekly Standard, Schumer Calls Rahm, Concern Grows About Saudi Lobby Feb 27, 2009
- Eli Lake  Obama's Intelligence Pick Linked to Saudi Arabia, Feb. 27, 2009, Washington Times.