|Genres||Indo pop, J-Pop, Pop|
|Labels||JKT48 Project (agency)
Hits Records (Global Mediacom Group) (studio)
Universal Music Group / Sony Music Entertainment / Warner Music Group (distributor)
JKT48 (read as "J. K. T. Forty-eight") is an Indonesian idol group whose name is derived from its based city of Jakarta and the Japanese idol group AKB48. Formed in 2011, it is the first AKB48 sister group outside Japan and adopts the concept of "idols you can meet". Fans can attend daily performances at the group's theater, which was built as a close replica to the AKB48 Theater in Akihabara.
Producer Yasushi Akimoto decided to bring the AKB48 concept to Indonesia because the group had begun to develop a fan base in the country. Indonesia's growing economy was seen as a potential market by many Japanese companies, and Akimoto established a franchising partnership with Dentsu Media Group Indonesia to replicate the AKB48 business model. Dentsu Media Group Indonesia then cooperate with the country's largest media conglomerate Global Mediacom (MNC Media) as JKT48 official media partner.
While JKT48 does not restrict membership by nationality, applicants must be residents of Indonesia. The group has 50 members team + 10 trainees + 16 trainee candidates (as of Augustus 2016) members and released its first studio album Heavy Rotation on 16 February 2013 via Hits Records, a division of MNC subsidiary PT Star Media Nusantara. It performs songs by AKB48 and other sister groups that are translated into Indonesian.
Much like AKB48, the female Japanese idol group formed in 2005 in the Akihabara, Tokyo, JKT48 is based on the concept of idols with whom fans can "'meet', or at least develop a similar feeling of intimacy". JKT48 takes its name from the group's base city of Jakarta, Indonesia.[a] The country was seen as a potential market for the idol business because of its relatively young population—As of 2012[update] about half are under the age of 30—and the popularity of Japanese manga series, such as Slam Dunk and One Piece. In order to bring the concept of AKB48 to Indonesia, producer Yasushi Akimoto and Dentsu Media Group Indonesia partnered with the country's largest media conglomerate, Global Mediacom (MNC Media),and Rakuten.
In an interview on CNN's TalkAsia program, Akimoto responded to the question of why he selected Indonesia as the first target of AKB48's overseas expansion. He said, "People in Indonesia were interested in AKB48. That is why we decided to try it in Jakarta. Kids watched AKB on the internet and they want to do the same, but they don't know whether they have talent. Also it's difficult [for them] to go to Japan to audition." Then Rakuten–MNC Chief Marketing Officer Reino Barack and Arya Sinulingga recounted of his visit to Japan, "When I watched AKB48's theater performance in Akihabara, I sensed the potential for a new business in Indonesia."[b]
|First live performance of JKT48. Note the use of costumes in the style of school uniforms, often used by AKB48 in its performances.|
The formation of JKT48 was announced on 11 September 2011 at an AKB48 event held at Makuhari Messe in Chiba, Japan. Applicant interviews took place in late September, and the first auditions were held 8–9 October. AKB48 member Minami Takahashi also visited Jakarta during the auditions to promote JKT48 among fans of AKB48. Applicants did not have to be Indonesian citizens, but they must reside in the country. Approximately 1,200 girls auditioned for the group, and 51 were selected to proceed to the second round. Finalists were judged based on their dance performance of "Heavy Rotation", from AKB48's single of the same name, and their performance of a song of their choice. JKT48's 28 first generation members, ages 12–21, were selected on 2 November. JKT48 made its first public appearance on 17 December on the live music program 100% Ampuh on Global TV and performed "Heavy Rotation", with lyrics translated into Indonesian.
As part of the concept of "idols you can meet every day", AKB48 performs daily at its theater in Akihabara. The JKT48 management team aimed to accomplish this same principle and began scouting locations in Jakarta for the group's own theater in early 2012. An unoccupied site in the fX Sudirman shopping mall was selected as the theater's eventual location, and planning for its renovation began in April. In the meantime, the first theater performances were held 17–20 May at a temporary stage in the Nyi Ageng Serang Building in Kuningan, Jakarta. The official theater opened on 8 September for daily performances with a set list of 16 songs that have been translated into Indonesian. The theater has a seating capacity of 180 and standing room for 30, and its design is a close replica of the AKB48 Theater.
JKT48 has also performed in Japan alongside other AKB48 sister groups. In its first performance in Japan, the group was a surprise guest at 2011 AKB48 Kōhaku Taikō Uta Gassen and performed the Indonesian version of "Aitakatta". It also performed alongside AKB48 and other sister groups at the 62nd NHK Kōhaku Uta Gassen with a total 210 members onstage. It also participated in the 2012 AKB48 concerts at Saitama Super Arena and Tokyo Dome.
Management began accepting applications for second generation members on 13 August 2012. Of the 4,500 applicants, approximately 200 were selected for interviews the following month. The pool was then narrowed down from 67 to 31 in a selection round held by RCTI. All 31 finalists were eventually chosen as second generation members at a final audition on 3 November in Japan. Additionally, AKB48 members Aki Takajō and Haruka Nakagawa, whose transfers to JKT48 were announced at the Tokyo Dome concert, officially began their activities with the group on 1 November and made their theater debut on 26 December. Nakagawa became interested in Jakarta during a visit with other members of AKB48 earlier in February.
2013–present: Major debut
JKT48 was scheduled to release its debut album in January 2013, but production was hampered because of flooding in Jakarta. To celebrate the release, the group's management team had distributed 100,000 free CD singles. Each single featured an Indonesian version of one of four songs: "Heavy Rotation", "Kimi no Koto ga Suki Dakara", "Baby! Baby! Baby!", and "Ponytail to Shushu". Members, some of whom were directly affected by the flooding, later held a charity event in order to raise funds for the city's relief efforts. The debut album, titled Heavy Rotation, had a limited release at the JKT48 Theater on 16 February and went on sale in music stores nationwide on 2 March. All previously released singles were included in the album.
On 4 February 2014, JKT48 announced the names of 63 finalists that are vying to become JKT48 trainees in the third generation. On 15 February, the group announced and performed its fifth single "Flying Get". On 24 February 2014, Rina Chikano was transferred from AKB48 to JKT48, Aki Takajo and Rena Nozawa's concurrent positions were cancelled.
On 26 April 2014 JKT48 held its first Senbatsu Election, with the 16 ranking members going to appear in JKT48's 6th Single, Gingham Check, released on 11 June 2014. On 27 August 2014 the group released Kokoro no Placard, with Shania Junianthia taking the centre position for the first time, and Rina Chikano and Thalia Ivanka Elizabeth appearing in senbatsu for the first time.
First Generation member Rica Leyona graduated from the group on 7 December 2014 at the "Kokoro no Placard" handshake event, and the group's 8th Single, Kaze wa Fuiteiru was released on 24 December 2014. On 20 February 2015, JKT48 held a collaboration concert with AKB48 in Jakarta. 15 members of AKB48 was sent to Jakarta for the concert, including Yui Yokoyama, Rie Kitahara and Asuka Kuramochi. On 27 March 2015, JKT48 released its 9th single, Pareo wa Emerald. On 2 May 2015, JKT48 held its second Senbatsu Election, with the 16 ranking members are featured in the group's 10th single Kibōteki Refrain, Jessica Veranda replaced Melody Nurramdhani as the winner of JKT48's second Senbatsu Election. On 26 August 2015, JKT48 released its 11th single, Halloween Night (song) the same day as AKB48's version of the song.
JKT48's line up has frequently changed due to additions, departures and team shuffles. As of February 5, 2017 the group consists of 70 members, divided among several teams: Team J with 20 members, Team KIII with 24 members, and Team T with 18 members. There is a team of research students, the number of which currently stands at 4. The General Manager of JKT48 is Melody Nurramdhani Laksani.
- Heavy Rotation (2013)
- Mahagita (2016)
JKT48 is billed as a "unique idol group with Indonesian culture". Harris Thayeb, President Director of the group's promotional agent Dentsu Media Group Indonesia, believed the group's concept "will make our idols more down to earth, being always nice and able to be greeted anytime". The group was seen as part of the "Cool Japan" brand adopted by the Japanese government to promote the country's culture around the world. JKT48 held a joint concert with AKB48 at the Japan Pop Culture Festival on 25 February 2012 at Balai Kartini in Jakarta. The event was sponsored by the Embassy of Japan, the Japanese Agency for Cultural Affairs, and the Indonesian Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. According to Junji Shimada, deputy to the Japanese ambassador, AKB48 was invited to perform because of its status as a Japanese pop icon, and the two sister groups represent the friendship between Japan and Indonesia.
JKT48 appeared in television shows almost daily after its debut and in television advertisements by Japanese companies that intend to capture a share of the rapidly growing Indonesian market. Otsuka Pharmaceutical hired JKT48 to promote the company's Pocari Sweat beverages one month after the group's first members were announced. Sharp Corporation selected JKT48 to appear at the company's promotional events, and Yamaha Motor Company hired the group in order to promote its line of fuel efficient Mio J scooters to Indonesian teens. Ezaki Glico also featured the group in its advertisements as part of an effort to grow sales in Indonesia to over Rp1 billion.
Teenagers and single young men make up the largest portion of the JKT48 and AKB48 fan base. Furthermore, some believe JKT48's idol concept is not representative of Indonesian culture.
A source who called themselves JKT Bunshun (spoof of Shukan Bunshun)posted photos of Jessica Vania or Jeje and a few other JKT48 members including Devi Kinal Putri, Shania Junianatha, Rezky Wiranti Dhike, Sendy Ariani, Chikano Rina, and Rica Leyona in a birthday party for a friend of Jeje and also photos of Jeje with a man named Patrick. It shocked JKT48 fans who started to question the golden rule of JKT48 (members are not allowed to have boyfriends). A fan even requested a hacker to hack her Twitter account.
On October 24, 2014, Jeje apologized to fans in tears.
Not only fans of JKT48 who also support this idol group, the management media from domestic and overseas also support this idol group. As for supportive management are as follows:
- Media Nusantara Citra
- Trans Corp
- Surya Citra Media
- Kompas Gramedia
- Mahaka Media
- Jawa Pos Media Corporation
- Rajawali Corpora
- Visi Media Asia
As for management support from overseas or adoption of Indonesia are as follows:
- Dentsu, Inc. / PT. Dentsu Media Group Indonesia
- Nickelodeon / MTV
- Disney-ABC Television Group
- FremantleMedia / PT Dunia Visitama Produksi
- Endemol / Endemol Asia
- Sony Pictures Entertainment
- BBC Worldwide
- Warner Bros. Television
- Metro Goldwyn Mayer
- 20th Century Fox Television
- Oricon 2011.
- Galbraith 2012, p. 202.
- Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012, p. 1.
- TalkAsia 2012.
- Natalie 2011, JKT48: First Performance of Japan's "Heavy Rotation" & First Handshake Event.
- Anime News Network 2011.
- Asahi Shimbun 2011.
- Mainichi Shimbun 2011.
- Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012, p. 2.
- The Japan Times 2011.
- JKT48 Operation Team, Apa Itu AKB48.
- Mr. Sunday 2012.
- Ogino & Ohira 2012, p. 12.
- Maruli 2012.
- Natalie 2011, Yūko Ōshima Leads White Team to Victory in First AKB48 Kōhaku Taikō Uta Gassen.
- Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012.
- Yomiuri Shimbun 2011.
- Natalie 2012, Atsuko Maeda's Graduation and General Election Announced at AKB48's Final Day at Saitama Super Arena.
- Natalie 2012, Atsuko Maeda Cries "My Entire Youth" at AKB48's Final Day at Tokyo Dome.
- Tribun 2012.
- Halo Jepang! 2012, Seluruh Finalis JKT48 Generasi 2 Lulus Seleksi.
- Oricon 2012.
- Mainichi Shimbun 2012.
- JKT48 Operation Team 2013, Pengunduran Rilis CD Perdana JKT48.
- Christian 2012.
- Tobing 2013.
- Hardian 2013, JKT48 Launches Heavy Rotation.
- Afit. "JKT48 5th Single announced & will hold Sousenkyo for 6th single, 3rd Gen finalists revealed (and many more) • AKB48WrapUp". Akb48wrapup.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "3rd Generation". JKT48. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Daftar Member AKB48 Yang Akan Ke Jakarta".
- Work Pressure Drives Inao Jiro to Commit Suicide, Police Says
- International Business Times 2012.
- Burhani 2012.
- Susilo 2013.
- Halo Jepang! 2012, JKT48 Belum Mampu Tarik Minat Kalangan Dewasa.
- Tersebar foto pacaran anggota JKT48 di medsos
- Member JKT48 diguncang foto skandal berpacaran
- Fans minta hacker retas Twitter Jessica Vania JKT48
- Mengapa Jeje JKT48 minta maaf kepada fans sambil menangis?
- Ogino & Ohira 2012, pp. 6–11.
- Galbraith, Patrick W. (2012). "Idols: Desire in Japanese Consumer Capitalism". In Galbraith, Patrick W.; Karlin, Jason G. Idols and Celebrity in Japanese Media Culture. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-29830-9.
- Ogino, Toshiyuki; Ohira, Akira (2012). Uchino, Emi; Kuriyama, Haruka; Iwasaki, Haruka, eds. Love JKT48: The 1st Official Guide Book. Jakarta: Dunia Otomotifindo Mediatama. ISBN 978-979-23-5755-4.
- "インドネシア・ジャカルタで「JKT48」始動！ AKB48海外初の姉妹グループ誕生へ" ["JKT48" Launches in Jakarta, Indonesia! Toward the Birth of Overseas AKB48 Sister Groups] (in Japanese). Oricon. 11 September 2011. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- ＡＫＢグループ２１０人結集で「がんばろう！！」…紅白歌合戦 [AKB Group Motivates with 210 Members at Kōhaku Uta Gassen]. Yomiuri Shimbun (in Japanese). 30 December 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "AKB48、さいたまSA最終日に前田卒業＆総選挙開催発表" [Atsuko Maeda's Graduation and General Election Announced at AKB48's Final Day at Saitama Super Arena] (in Japanese). Natalie. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "AKB48ドーム最終日に前田敦子号泣「私の青春の全て」" [Atsuko Maeda Cries "My Entire Youth" at AKB48's Final Day at Tokyo Dome] (in Japanese). Natalie. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- ＡＫＢ初の海外姉妹グループ、ＪＫＴ４８の可能性 [AKB's First Overseas Sister Group, JKT48's Potential]. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (in Japanese). 14 February 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "AKB48、初の紅白歌合戦イベントは大島優子率いる白組優勝" [Yūko Ōshima Leads White Team to Victory in First AKB48 Kōhaku Taikō Uta Gassen] (in Japanese). Natalie. 21 December 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "JKT48 ： 移籍の高城＆仲川がお披露目 「AKB超え」宣言" [JKT48: Debut of Transferees Takajō and Nakagawa, Declares "We Will Surpass AKB"] (in Japanese). 4 November 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- ＪＫＴ４８がインドネシアで新ＣＭをスタート [JKT48 Debuts in New Indonesian Advertisements]. International Business Times (in Japanese). 2 April 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "JKT48高城＆仲川、26日に劇場デビュー決定" [JKT48's Takajō and Nakagawa Confirmed to Make Theater Debut on the 26th] (in Japanese). Oricon. 10 December 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "JKT48、母国で「ヘビロテ」初パフォーマンス＆初握手会" [JKT48: First Performance of Japan's "Heavy Rotation" & First Handshake Event] (in Japanese). Natalie. 20 December 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- 〈速報〉たかみな ＪＫＴ48に「イズム」注入 [News Brief: Takamina Brings "-ism" to JKT48]. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). 5 October 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "日本流で世界熱狂！海を渡る"ＡＫＢ"ビジネス" [Japanese Frenzy in the World! The AKB Business Overseas]. Mr. Sunday (in Japanese). 10 June 2012. Fuji Television. Kansai Television. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "28 girls picked for first AKB overseas sister group". The Japan Times. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "AKB48 Idol Group to Spawn JKT48 Spinoff in Indonesia". Anime News Network. 11 September 2011. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
- "AKB48 Indonesian sister group JKT48 introduces first 28 members". Mainichi Shimbun. 3 November 2011. Archived from the original on 3 November 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
- Burhani, Ruslan (14 February 2012). "AKB 48 dan JKT 48 akan tampil di Jakarta" [AKB48 and JKT48 to Appear Together in Jakarta] (in Indonesian). Antara. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- Christian, Hotman (24 December 2012). "JKT48 Akan Rilis CD Debut Pada Januari Mendatang" [JKT48 Will Release Debut CD This Coming January]. Rolling Stone Indonesia (in Indonesian). a&e Media. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- Farouk, Yazir (25 November 2012). "Daftar Lengkap Pemenang Yahoo! OMG Awards 2012" [Yahoo! OMG Awards 2012 Complete Winners List]. Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Hadiyanti, Nanda (22 January 2013). "Ini Pemenang Dahsyatnya Awards 2013" [These Are the Winners of Dahsyatnya Awards 2013]. Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Hadiyanti, Nanda (22 January 2013). "Siapa Kandidat Dahsyat Awards 2013?" [Who Are the Candidates for Dahsyat Awards 2013?]. Tempo (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Hardian, Edi (16 January 2013). "Daftar Pemenang 100% Ampuh Awards 2013" [100% Ampuh Awards Winners List] (in Indonesian). Okezone.com. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Hardian, Edi (16 February 2013). "JKT 48 Luncurkan Heavy Rotation" [JKT48 Launches Heavy Rotation] (in Indonesian). Okezone.com. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Ini Nama-nama Finalis JKT48 yang Akan Audisi ke Jepang" [These Are the JKT48 Finalists Who Will Audition in Japan]. Tribun News (in Indonesian). Kompas Gramedia Group. 7 October 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "Interview with Japanese Music Producer Yasushi Akimoto". TalkAsia. Transcript. 12 January 2012. CNN International Asia Pacific. Archived from the original on 26 December 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "JKT48 Belum Mampu Tarik Minat Kalangan Dewasa" [JKT48 Not Yet Able to Capture Interest of Adults]. Halo Jepang! (in Indonesian). Bina Komunika Asiatama. 27 December 2012. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Maruli, Aditia (8 September 2012). "JKT48 punya Theater JKT48" [JKT48 Opens JKT48 Theater] (in Indonesian). Antara. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "Seluruh Finalis JKT48 Generasi 2 Lulus Seleksi" [All JKT48 Second Generation Finalists Pass Selection]. Halo Jepang! (in Indonesian). Bina Komunika Asiatama. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Susilo, Richard (28 January 2013). "Demi Promosi Pocky, Perusahaan Ezaki Glico Co Pakai Jasa JKT48" [To Promote Pocky, Ezaki Glico Features JKT48]. Tribun News (in Indonesian). Kompas Gramedia Group. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- Tobing, Ramadan (30 January 2013). "JKT48 Sukses Menggelar Konser Amal Bagi Korban Banjir Jakarta" [JKT48 Holds Successful Charity Concert for Victims of Jakarta Flood]. Rolling Stone Indonesia (in Indonesian). a&e Media. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- 組閣後新体制 [Post-Reorganization Lineup] (in Japanese). AKS. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "Apa Itu AKB48" [What Is AKB48?] (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Pengunduran Rilis CD Perdana JKT48" [Release of JKT48's First CD Delayed] (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "Profil Anggota" [Member Profiles] (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
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