Sigmaringen is a town in southern Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg. Situated on the upper Danube, it is the capital of the Sigmaringen district.
Sigmaringen is renowned for its castle,
Schloss Sigmaringen, which was the seat of the principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen until 1850.
Geography [ edit ]
Sigmaringen lies in the Danube valley, surrounded by wooded hills in the south of the
Swabian Alb around 40 km away from the Lake of Constance.
The surrounding towns are on the north,
Winterlingen (in the district of Zollernalb) and Veringenstadt, on the east, Bingen, Sigmaringendorf, and Scheer, on the south, Mengen, Krauchenwies, Inzigkofen, and Meßkirch, and on the west, Leibertingen, Beuron, and Stetten am kalten Markt. The city is made up from the following districts: Sigmaringen (inner-city), Gutenstein, Jungnau, Laiz, Oberschmeien and Unterschmeien.
History [ edit ]
Sigmaringen was first documented in 1077 and was in the principality of
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen until 1850, after which it became the Prussian Province of Hohenzollern.
Vichy French enclave (1944–1945) [ edit ]
The Castle of Sigmaringen
On September 7, 1944, following the
Allied invasion of France, Philippe Pétain and members of the Vichy government cabinet were relocated to Germany. A city-state ruled by the government in exile headed by Fernand de Brinon, was established at Sigmaringen. There were three embassies in the city-state, representing each of Vichy-France's allies: Germany, Italy, and Japan. French writers Louis-Ferdinand Céline, Lucien Rebatet and Roland Gaucher, fearing for their lives because of their political and anti-Semitic writings, fled along with the Vichy government to Sigmaringen. Céline's novel D'un château l'autre (English: ) describes the fall of Sigmaringen. The city was taken by Castle to Castle Free French forces on April 22, 1945. Pétain returned voluntarily to France, where he stood trial for treason.
Commission gouvernementale de Sigmaringen.
Religions [ edit ]
The following religions are present in Sigmaringen:
Transportation infrastructure [ edit ]
Three railroads meet in Sigmaringen, the
Danube Valley Railway leading from Donaueschingen to Ulm, the Zollern Valley Railway from Tübingen to Aulendorf, and the line operated by the Hohenzollerische Landesbahn from Sigmaringen to Hechingen.
Public transport is organized by
Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau (NALDO).
Notable residents [ edit ]
Sigmaringen was the birthplace of
Saint Fidelis of Sigmaringen, a Roman Catholic martyr of the Counter-Reformation in Switzerland, and Ferdinand of Romania, King of Romania. It was one of the residences of deceased Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, the late representative of the house, who was the first in the line of succession to the throne of Romania, by Salic law. Frederick Miller, founder of the Miller Brewing Company, was living in Sigmaringen during the start of his brewing career. The German politician Christian Rehm lived here during his youth.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]