|Role||Light Experimental electric helicopter|
|Developed from||Sikorsky S-300|
The Sikorsky Firefly is an all-electric helicopter built for research purposes by Sikorsky Aircraft. It has been called the world's "first all-electric helicopter". The Firefly is a modified Sikorsky S-300C helicopter with its engine replaced by an electric motor and two lithium-ion battery packs. The helicopter can hold only the pilot, no passengers, and operate for 12 to 15 minutes. It has a top speed of 80 knots, or about 92 mph.
Sikorsky announced the existence of the new aircraft July 19, 2010 at the Farnborough International Air Show in the United Kingdom and displayed it for the first time at the Experimental Aircraft Association's AirVenture 2010 convention in Oshkosh, Wisconsin on July 26. It was expected that the helicopter would make its first flight in late 2010 or in early 2011. The project was inspired by observing electric drag cars.
Modifications of the Sikorsky S-300C
The Firefly was created by replacing the engine of the S-300C light helicopter, which has been in use for nearly half a century, during which time more than 3,000 have been built. The S-300C's Lycoming 190-horsepower, 5.9-liter, 4-cylinder gasoline engine was replaced with an electric motor, new motor mount and two battery packs located on each side of the pilot. The rotor control, transmission and other systems were left essentially unchanged.
Electric engine and battery
The high-efficiency electric motor is powered by two 45Ah lithium-ion battery packs, each of which weighs 585 pounds. The battery packs, manufactured by Gaia Power Technologies, have a total of 300 cells and produce about 370 volts. The electric motor is expected to fly with much less noise, emissions and vibration and require shorter maintenance periods over the life of the aircraft. The electric motor and controller system weighs 180 lbs. Empty weight is close to the 2,050-pound MTOW. The batteries, motor and electronic components are air cooled, and the batteries have 15 minute endurance.
Eagle Aviation Technologies, LLC, installed the new permanent-magnet electric motor and digital controller from U.S. Hybrid, and the batteries.
- Burgeson, John, "Sikorsky to debut first all-electric helicopter", Connecticut Post of Bridgeport, Connecticut, July 25, 2010
- Dickinson, Boonsri, " An All-Electric Helicopter: How Far Will It Fly? Is Project Firefly at Silkorsky Innovations the start of silent flight?", Greentech Media, August 20, 2010, retrieved May 1, 2018
- Smith, Dale, "All-Electric Sikorsky Firefly: Setting the Curve", January 12, 2011, Rotor and Wing International, retrieved May 1, 2018
- Dubois, Thierry "Electric Firefly will feel like a conventional S-300C, says Sikorsky", March 6, 2011, AIN Online, retrieved May 1, 2018
- News release, "Sikorsky Introduces “Project Firefly” Electric Helicopter Demonstrator", July 19, 2010, Sikorsky Aircraft, Internet Archive December 3, 2013, retrieved May 1, 2018
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sikorsky Firefly.|
- Firefly™ Technology Demonstrator Firefly Sikorsky corporate page (Internet Archive)
- Sikorsky Firefly: An Electric Helicopter AvWeb report from Oshkosh EAA AirVenture 2010. Interview with Sikorsky Innovations project manager Jonathan Hartman.