Sikorsky MH-60 Jayhawk
|HH-60J / MH-60T Jayhawk|
|A HH-60J Jayhawk from CG Air Station Astoria.|
|Role||Medium-range recovery helicopter|
|First flight||8 August 1989|
|Primary user||United States Coast Guard|
|Number built||42 (+ 3 conversions)|
|Developed from||Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk|
The Sikorsky MH-60T Jayhawk is a multi-mission, twin-engine, medium-range helicopter operated by the United States Coast Guard for search and rescue, law enforcement, military readiness and marine environmental protection missions. It was originally designated HH-60J before being upgraded and redesignated beginning in 2007.
Chosen to replace the HH-3F Pelican, the MH-60T is a member of the Sikorsky S-70 family of helicopters and is based on the United States Navy's SH-60 Seahawk helicopter. Development began in September 1986, first flight was achieved on 8 August 1989, and the first HH-60J entered USCG service in June 1990. Production ended in 1996 after 42 helicopters were produced; three retired SH-60F Seahawks were also remanufactured to MH-60T specifications beginning in 2010. A total of 42 MH-60Ts are in service with the Coast Guard.
Chosen to replace the HH-3F Pelican, the HH-60J was based on the United States Navy's SH-60 Seahawk and a member of the Sikorsky S-70 helicopter family. Compared to its predecessor, the HH-3F, the HH-60J is lighter, faster, and equipped with more sophisticated electronics and more powerful engines. The HH-60J was developed in conjunction with the U.S. Navy's HH-60H Rescue Hawk.
Sikorsky began development in September 1986 and aircraft registration number 6001 achieved first flight on 8 August 1989. The first aircraft was delivered to the USCG for developmental testing in March, 1990 at NAS Patuxent River, Maryland. In March 1991, ATC Mobile, Alabama became the first USCG unit to fly the HH-60J, allowing instructor pilots to prepare for pilot training. Coast Guard Air Station Elizabeth City, North Carolina was the first USCG operational unit to fly the HH-60J. Sikorsky produced 42 HH-60Js with sequential registration numbers from 6001 through 6042. Sikorsky ended production in 1996 after completing the 42 units on contract. Subsequently, the Coast Guard has converted three ex-Navy SH-60F Seahawks into MH-60T Jayhawks (registration numbers 6043-6045) as attrition replacements.
MH-60T upgrade program
The USCG began converting its 42 HH-60Js to MH-60Ts in January 2007. This avionics and capabilities upgrade is part of the USCG's Integrated Deepwater System Program and will provide a glass cockpit, an enhanced electro-optic/infrared sensor system as well as a radar sensor system and airborne use of force capability. The airborne use of force package includes both weapons for firing warning and disabling shots and armor to protect the aircrew from small arms fire. The MH-60T upgrades were completed in February 2014.
The normal cruising speed of the MH-60T is 135 to 140 kn (155 to 161 mph; 250 to 259 km/h) and the aircraft is capable of reaching 180 kn (207 mph; 333 km/h) for short durations. It can fly at 140 kn (161 mph; 259 km/h) for six to seven hours. With a fuel capacity of 6,460 lb (2,930 kg), the helicopter is designed to fly a crew of four up to 300 mi (483 km) offshore, hoist up to six additional people on board while remaining on-scene for up to 45 minutes and return to base while maintaining an adequate fuel reserve.
The Jayhawk has a radar for search/weather that gives its nose a distinctive look. A forward looking infrared (FLIR) sensor turret can be mounted below its nose. It can carry three 120 US gal (454 L) fuel tanks with two on the port side rack and one on the starboard side rack. The starboard side also carries a 600 lbf (2.67 kN) capacity rescue hoist mounted above the door. The hoist has 200 ft (61.0 m) of cable. It uses the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System as its primary long range navigational aid, using a Collins RCVR-3A radio to simultaneously receive information from four of the NAVSTAR system's 18 worldwide satellites. The helicopter is normally based on land but can be based on 270 foot medium endurance Coast Guard Cutters (WMEC) or 378 ft high endurance Coast Guard Cutters (WHEC).
The MH-60T is equipped with a 7.62 mm M240H medium machine gun and a .50 in Barrett M82 semi-automatic rifle for firing warning and disabling shots. These weapons also serve as defensive armament.
This section needs expansion with: Add more general operational use information. You can help by adding to it. (March 2015)
In 1990, HH-60J Jayhawks began replacing HH-3F Pelican and CH-3E Sea King helicopters in service with the US Coast Guard. HH-60Js perform search and rescue missions, along with other missions such as maritime patrol and drug interdiction. Coast Guard cutters with their HH-60Js and other helicopters performed security and interdiction in the Persian Gulf in 1991 in support of Operation Desert Storm and also in 2003 for Operation Enduring Freedom.
In January 2011, Juneau Mountain Rescue volunteers, working with the Alaska State Troopers and the Coast Guard, rescued an injured hiker on Ripikski Mountain, near Haines. A Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter, dispatched from Sitka, transported the hiker to Bartlett Regional Hospital in Juneau, Alaska.
Starting in 2009, Coast Guard Jayhawks have been tasked with a secondary mission of drug patrol/enforcement. These missions are usually conducted in cooperation with coast guard cutters.
In 2016, some Jayhawks were delivered in a yellow color scheme celebrating 100 years of Coast Guard aviation. The yellow color scheme represented colors used on certain Coast Guard and Navy helicopters in the 1940s and 1950s. The first of the operational aircraft in this color scheme was delivered to Air Station Astoria in Oregon on January 15, 2016. The Jayhawk along with the Eurocopter MH-65 Dolphin are the two helicopter types in the Coast Guard inventory.
- Medium range recovery helicopter. 42 units delivered to the USCG between 1990 and 1996.
- Medium range recovery helicopter. 39 surviving HH-60J airframes received upgraded avionics and operational capabilities, including armaments, from 2007 to 2014. Three SH-60Fs were converted to MH-60T specifications as attrition replacements.[needs update]
- United States Coast Guard
- Most data is for HH-60J with data for MH-60T noted below.
- Crew: four (pilot, co-pilot, two flight crew)
- Length: 64 ft 10 in (19.76 m)
- Wingspan: 53 ft 8 in (16.36 m)
- Height: 17 ft 0 in (5.18 m)
- Empty weight: 14,500 lb (6,580 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 21,884 lb (9,926 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × General Electric T700-GE-401C gas turbines, 1,890 shp (1,410 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 205 mph (333 km/h, 180 kn)
- Cruise speed: 160 mph (260 km/h, 140 kn)
- Range: 802 mi (1,300 km, 700 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 5,000 ft (1,520 m) hovering
- 1 × 0.308 in (7.62×51 mm) M240H medium machine gun in starboard door (MH-60T)
- 1 × 0.50 in (12.7×99 mm) Barrett M82 semi-automatic rifle (MH-60T)
- Sikorsky HH-60 Pave Hawk
- Sikorsky S-70
- Sikorsky S-92
- Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk
- Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era
- "Acquisition Directorate - MH-60T Medium Range Recovery Helicopter" (PDF). United States Coast Guard. November 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
All 42 H-60 aircraft are scheduled to be modernized by 2015
- "SH-60F to MH-60T Conversion Process" Archived 27 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. United States Coast Guard, 4 April 2014
- MH-60T: Jayhawk Archived 28 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. U.S. Coast Guard
- Leoni, Ray D. Black Hawk, The Story of a World Class Helicopter, pp. 212-213. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007. ISBN 978-1-56347-918-2.
- "Sikorsky HH-60J Jayhawk". Helis.com. Archived from the original on 13 May 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
42 delivered from 1990. 1 written off.
- "Acquisition Directorate - Medium Range Recovery Helicopter". United States Coast Guard website. United States Coast Guard. Archived from the original on 2 August 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
The MH-60T project will upgrade 42 in-service HH-60J helicopters ...
- Aviation Update newsletter Archived 18 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. US Coast Guard, January/February 2007.
- "Acquisition Update: "T" It Up: First Production MH-60T Medium Range Recovery Helicopter Delivered to Coast Guard". United States Coast Guard website. United States Coast Guard. 9 June 2009. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
The AUF package equips the MH-60T with a 7.62mm machine gun for firing warning shots and a .50 caliber long range rifle for precise targeting...
- Acquisition Update: Final Jayhawk Completes Conversion to MH-60T Model Archived 27 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine. U.S. Coast Guard, 19 February 2014.
- Thirteenth Coast Guard District Public Affairs Office (21 April 2003). "Jayhawk - HH-60J Helicopter" (PDF). United States Coast Guard website. United States Coast Guard. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
...carry out the Coast Guard's search and rescue, law enforcement, military readiness and marine environmental protection missions...
- "Coast Guard Helicopter Interdiction Tactical Squadron" (PDF). USCG.mil. USCG. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- Tomajczyk, Stephen F. Black Hawk, pp. 74-74. MBI, 2003. ISBN 0-7603-1591-4.
- "Coast Guard Medevacs Injured Hiker From Ripikski Mountain". Coast Guard News. 6 January 2011. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "US Coast Guard helos turn yellow".
- "Office of Aviation Forces (CG-711) "Jayhawk"". uscg.mil. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
- Freeze, Ken. "Fatal Coast Guard Aircraft Accidents". check-six.com. Check Six. Archived from the original on 19 October 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
Date of incident: 8 December 2004....Aircraft type and Coast Guard tail number: Sikorsky HH-60 Jayhawk, 6020
- Liesik, Geoff (5 March 2010). "U.S. Coast Guard team to probe Uinta Mountains crash". Deseret News. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret News Publishing Co. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
The Jayhawk that crashed was one of two returning to North Carolina from Washington state.... It was last heard from just before 10 a.m. Wednesday.
- Green, Sara Jean (7 July 2010). "3 dead in Coast Guard copter crash off La Push". Seattle Times. Seattle, WA: The Seattle Times Company. Archived from the original on 10 July 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
The MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter crashed around 9:30 a.m. off James Island near the mouth of the Quillayute River at the northwest tip of Washington state.
- S-70B Seahawk Technical Information, 2001.
- "S-70B Seahawk Helicopter Technical Information S70-064 1438 3C" (PDF). Sikorsky Aircraft. January 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
- Pike, John. "HH-60J Jayhawk Specifications". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 23 October 2005. Retrieved 7 July 2010.