Singaporean general election, 2001

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Singaporean general election, 2001
Singapore
1997 ←
3 November 2001 → 2006
members

84 seats (only 29 seats contested) to the Parliament of Singapore
43 seats needed for a majority
1 NCMP seat offered
Turnout 94.6%
  First party Second party Third party
  GohChokTong-WashingtonDC-20010614.jpg ChiamSeeTong-SDARally-20060502.jpg Low Thia Khiang at a Workers' Party general election rally, Sengkang, Singapore - 20110503 (cropped).jpg
Leader Goh Chok Tong Chiam See Tong Low Thia Khiang
Party PAP SDA WP
Leader since 1992 2001 2001
Leader's seat Marine Parade GRC Potong Pasir SMC Hougang SMC
Last election 81 seats, 65.0% None 1 seat + 1 NCMP, 14.2%
Seats won 82 1 + 1 NCMP 1
Seat change Increase1 Increase1 Steady0
Popular vote 470,765 75,248 19,060
Percentage 75.3% 12.0%(total) / 27.6%(valid) 3.0%(total) / 39.3%(valid)
Swing Increase10.3% Increase12.0%/Increase27.6% Decrease11.2%/Increase1.7%

Singapore election 2001 results.png

Results:
  People's Action Party
  Workers' Party of Singapore
  Singapore Democratic Alliance

Prime Minister before election

Goh Chok Tong
PAP

Elected Prime Minister

Goh Chok Tong
PAP

Coat of arms of Singapore (blazon).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Singapore
Constitution
Foreign relations

The Singaporean parliamentary general elections of 2001 were held on 3 November. The People's Action Party, the incumbent ruling party, won 82 out of 84 seats in the election, including 55 walkovers. Due to the large number of uncontested seats, only 675,306 of the 2,036,923 eligible voters (33.2%) actually voted.

Background and issues[edit]

The ruling PAP was facing one of the toughest hurdles in its history. Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong originally intended for the election to take place in 2002, but in late 2001, Singapore was saddled with the worst economic crisis since independence, after the events of the September 11 attacks in the United States.

For the first time since 1963, a formal political umbrella emerged from within the opposition. The four-party Singapore Democratic Alliance was established with Chiam See Tong as chief, consisting of the Singapore People's Party he led, which was the leader party, National Solidarity Party (NSP), PKMS and Singapore Justice Party (SJP). NSP provided the bulk of nine candidates, SPP four and PKMS providing a required minority candidate.

Former WP Non-Constituency Member of Parliament Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam (J. B. Jeyaretnam), who lost his seat after being declared a bankrupt owing to lawsuits by PAP leaders, resigned from the party, citing disagreements with the present leadership. Sole WP MP Low Thia Khiang took over as secretary-general.

This election saw the end of four-member GRCs and a shortest campaigning period of 17 days after opening of the register of electors. A seat had been vacated in 1999 after the conviction of PAP MP Choo Wee Khiang over commercial crimes, but no by-election was held as the seat was within a GRC. Under the law, an entire electoral constituency, be it GRC or SMC, has to be vacated before a by-election is required.

Another increase of the election deposit amount this time was the most significant one in history, which almost doubled.

On nomination day, the sole WP GRC team was disqualified for filing incomplete papers in Aljunied Group Representation Constituency. Opposition parties ended up contesting only a-third of the seats, the lowest portion since 1968, which resulted in the largest number of walkovers for PAP in history.

WP's Low and SDA's Chiam retained their seats, but saw their winning margins slashed from the previous GE. With these two opposition wins, one NCMP seat was offered to and accepted by Steve Chia of SDA-NSP, who became the youngest and first ever non-WP NCMP.

Electoral boundaries[edit]

  • Dissolved Divisions (14)
    • Aljunied was dissolved.
    • Ang Mo Kio was merged into Teck Ghee.
    • Geylang West was merged into Kolam Ayer.
    • Hong Kah East was renamed into Jurong Central.
    • Hong Kah West was merged into Nanyang.
    • Jurong was renamed to Taman Jurong.
    • Kampong Kembangan was renamed to Aljunied-Kembangan.
    • Kreta Ayer was dissolved, replaced by Kreta Ayer-Kim Seng.
    • Leng Kee was merged into Queenstown.
    • Pasir Panjang was merged into Telok Blangah.
    • Pasir Ris Central was dissolved.
    • Pasir Ris Elias was renamed to Pasir Ris West.
    • Pasir Ris Loyang was renamed to Pasir Ris East.
    • Punggol East was renamed to Kembangan-Punggol.
    • Tanglin was dissolved, replaced by Tanglin-Cairnhill.
  • New Divisions (16)
    • Admiralty (split from Woodlands)
    • Aljunied-Hougang (renamed from Punggol South)
    • Bukit Batok East (split from Bukit Batok & Bukit Timah)
    • Canberra (split from Sembawang)
    • Cashew (split from Bukit Panjang)
    • Jurong Central (merged from Hong Kah East)
    • Kembangan-Punggol (renamed from Punggol East)
    • Keat Hong (split from Choa Chu Kang)
    • Kreta Ayer-Kim Seng (merged from Kreta Ayer & Kim Seng)
    • Pioneer (from parts of Jurong)
    • Punggol Central (split from Punggol Central & Punggol East)
    • Punggol North (split from Punggol Central & Punggol East)
    • Punggol South (split from Punggol Central & Punggol East)
    • Taman Jurong (renamed from Jurong)
    • Tanglin-Cairnhill (renamed from Tanglin)
    • Zhenghua (split from Bukit Panjang)

New MPs[edit]

Retiring MPs[edit]

  • Aline Wong, MP for Tampines GRC (Changkat); who is making way for the new MP, Ms Irene Ng and simplified the constituencies' names.
  • Bernard Chen Tien Lap, MP for West Coast GRC (Clementi)
  • Chng Hee Kok, MP for East Coast GRC (Fengshan)
  • Eugene Yap, MP for Marine Parade GRC (Mountbatten)
  • Goh Chee Wee, MP for Boon Lay SMC
  • Goh Choon Kang, MP for Marine Parade GRC (Braddell Heights)
  • Harun Abdul bin Ghani, MP for Hong Kah GRC (Hong Kah West)
  • Heng Chiang Meng, MP for Cheng San GRC (Jalan Kayu)
  • Ho Tat Kin, MP for Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC (Bishan North)
  • Ibrahim Othman, MP for Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC (Toa Payoh Central)
  • Kenneth Chen Koon Lap, MP for Hong Kah GRC (Hong Kah North)
  • Ker Sin Tze, MP for Aljunied GRC (Paya Lebar)
  • Lew Syn Pau, MP for Kreta Ayer-Tanglin GRC (Tanglin)
  • Ow Chin Hock, MP for Tanjong Pagar GRC (Leng Kee)
  • Peh Chin Hua, MP for Jalan Besar GRC (Geylang West)
  • Peter Chen, MP for Hong Kah GRC (Nanyang)
  • Richard Hu, MP for Kreta Ayer-Tanglin GRC (Kreta Ayer); he had announced his retirement from politics. He (originally) also planned to be in the Holland-Bukit Timah GRC team, however the idea was scrapped.
  • S Vasoo, MP for Tanjong Pagar GRC (Radin Mas)
  • Sidek bin Saniff, MP for Aljunied GRC (Eunos); and highlighted that the growing development of Sengkang and Punggol could have caused them.
  • Sinakruppan Ramasamy, MP for Kreta Ayer-Tanglin GRC (Moulmein)
  • Tang Guan Seng, MP for Ang Mo Kio GRC (Ang Mo Kio); and the GRC team merged with Cheng San and Jalan Kayu.
  • Toh See Kiat, MP for Aljunied GRC (Aljunied), and it is no longer effective.
  • Wan Soon Bee, MP for West Coast GRC (Pasir Panjang)

In addition, a lot of PAP branches began to close down. These include -

  • Geylang West was merged into Kolam Ayer in Jalan Besar GRC.
  • Leng Kee was merged into Queenstown in Tanjong Pagar GRC.
  • Pasir Panjang was merged into West Coast in West Coast GRC.

Election results[edit]

PAP won a landslide victory and its best result since 1980. The party achieved its third highest score among the general elections it has contested, since 1959. The PAP's vote percentage of 75.3% signalled an overwhelming endorsement of the PAP to lead the nation out of the crisis that came at a time of great uncertainty over world security and the recession that came after 9/11. This was also the last time Goh Chok Tong lead the party into a general election.

e • d Summary of the 3 November 2001 Parliament of Singapore election results
Parties and alliances Leader Contested
seats
Seats won Popular vote % +/-
PAP logo variation.png People's Action Party Goh Chok Tong 84 82 470,765 75.3% Vote1.png +10.3%
SDA logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Alliance Chiam See Tong 13 1 75,248 12.0% -
SDP logo variation.png Singapore Democratic Party Chee Soon Juan 11 0 50,607 8.1% -2.5%
WP logo variation.png Workers' Party Low Thia Khiang 2 1 19,060 3.0% -11.2%
DPP logo variation.png Democratic Progressive Party Tan Lead Shake 2 0 5,334 0.9% +0.2%
Independent 2 0 4,253 0.7% -
Total 84 625,267 100.0 -
Spoilt votes 13,636 -
Did not vote 36,403 -
Total voting electorate 675,306 -
includes uncontested victories

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]