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George Yeo at the World Economic Forum in 2010
|Chancellor of Nalanda University|
6 July 2015 – 25 November 2016
|Preceded by||Amartya Sen|
|Succeeded by||Vijay P. Bhatkar|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs|
12 August 2004 – 21 May 2011
|Prime Minister||Lee Hsien Loong|
|Preceded by||Shanmugam Jayakumar|
|Succeeded by||K. Shanmugam|
|Minister for Trade and Industry|
3 June 1999 – 12 August 2004
|Prime Minister||Goh Chok Tong|
|Succeeded by||Lim Hng Kiang|
|Minister for Health|
2 January 1994 – 25 January 1997
|Prime Minister||Goh Chok Tong|
|Preceded by||Yeo Cheow Tong|
|Succeeded by||Yeo Cheow Tong|
|Minister for Information and the Arts|
28 November 1990 – 3 June 1999
|Prime Minister||Goh Chok Tong|
|Preceded by||Yeo Ning Hong|
|Succeeded by||Lee Yock Suan|
|Member of Parliament|
for Aljunied GRC (Bedok Reservoir-Punggol)
3 September 1988 – 7 May 2011
|Preceded by||Constituency created|
|Succeeded by||Low Thia Khiang (WP)|
|Born||13 September 1954|
|Political party||People's Action Party (1988-2011)|
|Spouse(s)||Jennifer Leong Lai Peng (梁利平)|
|Alma mater||Christ's College, Cambridge|
|Service/branch|| Singapore Army|
|Years of service||1976-1988|
|Commands||Chief of Staff (Air Staff) (1985-86)|
George Yeo Yong-Boon (simplified Chinese: 杨荣文; traditional Chinese: 楊榮文; pinyin: Yáng Róng Wén; born 13 September 1954) is a Singaporean business executive and a former politician. He is the current chairman and executive director of Kerry Logistics Network.
Yeo was also the Chancellor of Nalanda University and member of the University Governing Board (earlier the Nalanda Mentor Group).
Yeo represented the People's Action Party (PAP) in the Singapore parliament from 1988 to 2011, losing his seat in Parliament at the 2011 general election when the PAP team in the Aljunied Group Representation Constituency was defeated by the team from the Workers' Party. He announced that he was retiring from politics thereafter. He served in the Singapore Cabinet from 1991 to 2011 as the Minister for Information and the Arts (1991–99), Minister for Health (1994–97), Minister for Trade and Industry (1999–2004) and Minister for Foreign Affairs (2004–11).
Prior to entering Parliament, Yeo was a Brigadier-General in the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF). He served as the Chief of Staff of the RSAF from 1985 to 1986, and as the Director of Joint Operations and Planning at the Ministry of Defence from 1986 to 1988.
Yeo received his primary school education at St. Stephen's School. He studied at St. Patrick's School as well as St. Joseph's Institution and finished his GCE Ordinary Level at the top of the class in 1970. As a President's Scholar and Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) Scholar, he graduated from Christ's College, University of Cambridge with a degree in engineering in 1976.
Upon returning from England, Yeo served as an officer in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). He served as a signals officer in the Singapore Army, before transferring to the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF), where he rose to the rank of Brigadier-General. He then attended Harvard Business School and earned a Master in Business Administration, graduating as a Baker Scholar in 1985.
When Yeo returned to Singapore, he served as the Chief-of-Staff of the Air Staff from 1985 to 1986, and as the Director of Joint Operations and Planning at the Ministry of Defence (MINDEF) from 1986 to 1988. He also led the team which conceptualised the SAFTI Military Institute.
Yeo was promoted to the rank of Brigadier-General in 1988, but in August that year, he resigned from the SAF in order to stand for Parliament.
Following his election into Parliament, Yeo served in various ministries, including the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
As Minister for Information, Communications and the Arts, he liberalised the use of dialects in the local film industry, which paved the way for a generation of local film directors and producers. He also oversaw the design and construction of the Esplanade Theatres on the Bay and the new National Library.
In the 1990s, Yeo pushed for widespread adoption of internet infrastructure in Singapore, stating that it was important for Singapore to retain its role as a regional hub. Its geographical advantage would matter less, and its infrastructural advantage in the exchange of information and ideas would matter more. In 1995, he defended government censorship of the Internet even as it proved technologically challenging to do so: "Censorship can no longer be 100% effective, but even if it is only 20% effective, we should not stop censoring." In what he described as an "anti-pollution measure in cyberspace", Yeo transferred censorship authority from the Telecommunication Authority of Singapore (TAS) to the Singapore Broadcasting Authority (SBA), which was to "concentrate on areas which may undermine public morals, political stability or religious harmony in Singapore". Yeo said the government would focus on monitoring internet communications that broadcast material to millions of users rather than the "narrowcasting" of private communications between individuals.
Yeo proposed the idea of having Integrated Resorts (IRs) in Singapore, which would include casinos, which was intensely debated for a year. This paved the way for the 2 IRs in Singapore, Resorts World Sentosa and Marina Bay Sands at the Marina Promenade. (He later shared with a group of university students during a dialogue that his late father had a problem with gambling and the decision to push for the gaming resorts was personally a very difficult one. He said that policy making often involved a choice between 'evils'.)
He represented the Eurasian community in the Cabinet at their request.
He was the chairman of the PAP's youth wing from 1991 to 2000, which saw a renaming to Young PAP (YPAP) in 1993. As an enticement for joining the YPAP, he said people joining the YPAP could take positions different from central party leadership.
2006 and 2011 general elections
At the 2006 general election, Yeo led the PAP team in the constituency which defeated the team from the opposition Workers' Party (WP) with 56.1% of the votes to 43.9%. This was the PAP's narrowest margin of victory in the elections that year.
At the 2011 general election, on 7 May 2011, Yeo led the PAP team in Aljunied which was defeated by the WP team led by its Secretary-General, Low Thia Khiang. The WP team won 54.7% of the votes to the PAP team's 45.3%. Yeo thus lost his seat in Parliament and his ministerial appointment.
Yeo announced that he was retiring from active politics on 10 May 2011. However, on 1 June 2011, he stated on his Facebook page that he was "thinking hard" about the possibility of becoming a candidate in the 2011 Singapore presidential election. However, on 15 June, Yeo announced that he would not be standing for President.
Post political career
Yeo has moved to the private sector in Hong Kong since leaving politics in 2011. Yeo joined the Kuok Group as Senior Advisor, and vice chairman of its subsidiary Kerry Group (HK) Pte Ltd in January 2012.
In August 2012, he became chairman and executive director of Kerry Logistics Network. He is also a director of Kerry Holdings and non-executive director of Wilmar International. Yeo also serves as the non-executive director of AIA Group since November 2012.
He has since been based in both Singapore and Hong Kong.
Yeo is currently a member of the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum, the Nicolas Berggruen Institute’s 21st Century Council and the International Advisory Board of IESE Business School. He was recently appointed as a non-official member of the newly established Hong Kong Economic Development Commission. Because he is a Catholic politician with expertise on economics and finance, he was named by Pope Francis to serve as one of the Lay Members of the newly established Council for Economic Affairs, which will oversee the work of the new Secretariat for the Economy, which will have financial regulatory authority over all departments of the Roman Curia.
He also takes the following advisory roles in Singapore:
- Advisor to the Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall
- Advisor to the Teochew Poit Ip Huay Kuan
- Patron of Lasalle College of the Arts
Nalanda University 2011 to 2016
Yeo was involved in reviving the ancient Buddhist university, Nalanda University, in Bihar, India. He was Chancellor of Nalanda University and member of the University Governing Board, and the governing board's International Advisory Panel. In November 2016, he resigned as the chancellor of Nalanda University accusing the Indian government of failing to maintain the university’s autonomy. 
Awards and recognition
In 2012, Yeo was awarded the Padma Bhushan, by India, the Order of Sikatuna, with the rank of Datu (Grand Cross), by the Philippines, and the Honorary Officer of the Order of Australia, by Australia.
In 2004 their youngest son, who has struggled with childhood leukemia since age three, received a bone marrow transplant at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee. Recognising the difficulties faced by families in such situations, Leong founded the Viva Foundation to help children with cancer to improve the survival rate and cure of children with cancer, especially childhood leukemia, in Singapore and Southeast Asia. In May 2006, a memorandum of understanding was signed between St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, National University of Singapore (NUS), National University Hospital (NUH) in Singapore, and the VIVA Foundation for Children with Cancer (VIVA).
George Yeo, George Yeo on Bonsai, Banyan and the Tao, edited by Asad-ul Iqbal Latif and Lee Huay Leng, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 2015, 686 pages.
Justin Corfield, Historical Dictionary of Singapore, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2011, pp. 297–298.
Justin Corfield and Robin Corfield, Encyclopedia of Singapore, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006, pp. 247–248.
Low Kar Tiang (editor), Who's Who in Singapore, Singapore, 2003, p. 467.
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| Minister of State for Finance
13 September 1988-28 November 1990
| Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
13 September 1988-28 November 1990
| Senior Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
28 November 1990-1 July 1991
| Second Minister for Foreign Affairs
1 July 1991-2 January 1994
Yeo Ning Hong
| Minister for Information and the Arts
28 November 1990 - 1 July 1991 (acting)
1991 - 1999
Lee Yock Suan
Yeo Cheow Tong
| Minister for Health
2 January 1994-25 January 1997
Yeo Cheow Tong
| Minister for Trade and Industry
3 June 1999 - 12 August 2004
Lim Hng Kiang
| Minister for Foreign Affairs
12 August 2004-7 May 2011