South Island Line

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This article is about the east section of MTR South Island Line which opened in December 2016. For the proposed west section, see South Island Line (West).
South Island Line
南港島綫
MTR SouthIslandLine STrain A511-B906-A512 OCP.jpg
Southbound train of the South Island Line approaching Ocean Park Station
Overview
Type Rapid transit, driverless
System MTR
Locale Districts: Central and Western, Southern
Termini Admiralty
South Horizons
Stations 5
Operation
Opened 28 December 2016 (2016-12-28)[1]
Depot(s) Wong Chuk Hang
Rolling stock CNR Changchun EMU
Technical
Line length 7.4 km (4.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,432 mm (4 ft 8 38 in)
Route map
South Island Line Map.svg

North South Corridor
to Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau
Up arrow
Tsuen Wan Line
Left arrow CentralTsuen Wan Right arrow
Admiralty          
Island Line
Left arrow Kennedy TownChai Wan Right arrow
Nam Fung Tunnel
Ocean Park
Wong Chuk Hang Depot
Wong Chuk Hang
Left arrow
South Island Line (West)
to HKU
Aberdeen Channel Bridge
Lei Tung
South Horizons

The South Island Line, identified by the livery colour of lime, is a passenger railway of Hong Kong's MTR metro system. This line connects the central business district from Admiralty Station to the Southern District of Hong Kong Island, which was not served by any rail transport prior to the opening of this line.[2] The rolling stock of South Island Line is purpose-built for driverless operation. Trains are remotely controlled from the Operations Control Centre in Tsing Yi. Approved by the Executive Council of Hong Kong in 2007,[3] the line commenced service on 28 December 2016.[1]

This line was known during planning and construction as the South Island Line (East) to distinguish from South Island Line (West), which is still under planning.

History[edit]

The initial proposal for the line was in 2002, and went through a number of changes, at times combined with the West Island Line and South Island Line (West). The final alignment corresponds with "option B" of the 2005 revised scheme, with no intermediate station at Happy Valley Station included, in order to reduce the travel time to the CBD.

Rolling stock[edit]

Main article: MTR CNR Changchun EMU

MTR defines the railway as a medium capacity system. The final order for rolling stock for the new line consisted of 10 new three-car MTR CNR Changchun EMUs using steel wheels. These trains are externally similar to the new existing sets in service on the Kwun Tong Line, but are fully automatic and driverless – the second such line in the MTR system after the Disneyland Resort Line, and the third such line in Hong Kong.[4] Trains operate with a frequency of three minutes during rush hour.

Alignment and stations[edit]

South Island Line viaduct near Holy Spirit Seminary

The following is a list of the stations on the South Island Line.

Livery and name District Connections Opening date
South Island Line
Admiralty Central and Western      Tsuen Wan Line,      Island Line and      North South Corridor (2021) 12 February 1980[a]
Ocean Park Southern 28 December 2016
Wong Chuk Hang      South Island Line (West) (proposed)
Lei Tung
South Horizons
  1. ^ Originally opened as part of the Kwun Tong Line.
Station concourses are staffless, except those of Admiralty and Ocean Park stations. Customers are required to solve ticket issues with this Self Service Point Machine. To its left is the information counter, which provides travel and street information only.
The trains do not have driver cabs, allowing passengers to see through the windows in the ends of the trains.
The public car park underneath Ocean Park Station.

Construction[edit]

Construction progress[edit]

A test train approaching Wong Chuk Hang Station in December 2015

Project Agreements and Entrustment Agreement for MTR South Island Line and the Kwun Tong Line Extension were signed by the Hong Kong government and MTR Corporation on 18 May 2011.[5] In August 2012, drilling and blasting work began for constructing the Nam Fung Tunnel, between Admiralty and Ocean Park stations.[6] On 9 December 2013, structural work for Ocean Park Station was completed.[7][8] The first 3-car trainset arrived at MTR Siu Ho Wan Depot on 19 February 2014.[9] In 2014, the project was 78% complete by late September and Nam Fung Tunnel was broken through on 17 October.[6] In 2015, trial runs began between Wong Chuk Hang and South Horizons stations. 84% of construction work was completed by the end of February 2015. Work in Lei Tung Station was prolonged by geological issues, but the MTR claimed it would not postpone the line opening.[10]

Delayed opening[edit]

Expansion works of Admiralty Station in November 2016. Underground are a new concourse and the platforms of the South Island Line and the North South Corridor. Harcourt Garden will be restored as a podium garden after the completion of the work.

The opening of the South Island Line was originally planned for 2015. On 21 May 2014, a informant told Apple Daily that the commencement date of the line would be postponed by one and a half years. MTR Corporation asserted it would be opened as expected. Yet, the Transport and Housing Bureau revealed the delay of construction work and demanded MTR to review the commencement. Members of the Legislative Council and District Council criticized MTR for hiding the project's progress from the public and demanded a progress report at the Council's meeting.[11] Eight days later at the South District Council meeting, MTRC announced the delay was caused by the expansion work of Admiralty Station. High-density building, underground public facilities and the existing Admiralty Station would prolong the work progress, as "safety comes first". However, the claimed 2015 opening date remained unchanged.[12] In November 2014, a revised opening date of December 2016 was announced.[13]

In October 2016, MTRC chairman Frederick Ma warned that the opening of the South Island Line could be delayed by three more months.[14] However, on 10 November 2016, he announced the South Island Line would open by the end of 2016, saying the engineering team overcame the many challenges in expanding Admiralty Station.[15] Finally, MTRC chief executive Lincoln Leong officially declared the South Island Line would begin operation on 28 December 2016.[1]

Commencement[edit]

On 28 December, before South Horizons Station opened, many residents and enthusiasts gathered outside the entrance for its opening. MTR managerial officials, including CEO Lincoln Leong, welcomed passengers and rode on the first departure. The first train departed from South Horizons station at 5:55 am, five minutes earlier than usual. After 11 hours of operation, there had been over 92,000 passenger journeys.[16] However, the day after the line opened, an electrical fault triggered power outages at 2:15 pm, causing lighting systems, escalators, elevators, and fare gates to stop working. The driverless trains were switched into manual mode in order to sustain service. Normal operation resumed after half an hour.[17] The third-party MTR Service Update classified this as a "severe delay".[18]

Entrance B of South Horizons Station opened early at 5:10 am on the first day of service.
MTR CEO Lincoln Leong delivering welcoming speech

Interchange stations[edit]

At Admiralty, a new island platform was built under Queensway.[19] Transfer passages connect the new station area with the older Tsuen Wan Line and Island Line platforms, as well as the future North South Corridor platforms.

At Wong Chuk Hang, originally the platform structure was to be a double island platform with three tracks (like Choi Hung Station). South Island Line (West) trains would use the centre track while South Island Line trains would use those on each side, allowing for convenient cross-platform interchanges. However, according to the final plan, any future South Island Line (West) platforms would be built above the existing platforms.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "MTR's South Island Line to open on December 28". RTHK. 5 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Southern District of Hong Kong to be linked to MTR railway". Breaking Travel News. Retrieved 2016-12-15. 
  3. ^ "SOUTH ISLAND LINE (EAST) AUTHORIZATION OF SCHEME FOLLOWING RECEIPT OF OBJECTIONS" (PDF). 2010-11-30. 
  4. ^ "Fully automatic trains to start running on South Island Line next year, MTR confirms". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2016-12-15. 
  5. ^ "Project Agreements and Entrustment Agreement Signed for MTR South Island Line and the Kwun Tong Line Extension" (PDF). MTR. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "港鐵南港島綫(東段)南風隧道貫通" (PDF). 港鐵. 2014-10-20. (traditional Chinese)
  7. ^ From City Centre to Ocean Park Station in Just Four Minutes,MTR Press Release 9 December 2013
  8. ^ 港鐵海洋公園站平頂, Apple Daily,10 December 2013
  9. ^ "First South Island Line (East) Train Arrives in Hong Kong" (PDF). MTR. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  10. ^ 港鐵有信心南港島線明年底通車 Cable TV 26 March 2015
  11. ^ "南港島綫 延誤年半 港鐵死撐2015可通車 運房局踢爆工程滯後" (in Chinese) (Apple Daily). 21 May 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "港鐵以2015年南港島綫竣工及通車為目標" (in Chinese). RTHK. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "South Island Line faces more costly delays". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2016-12-15. 
  14. ^ "South Island Line may be delayed by three months". RTHK. 13 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  15. ^ "MTR's South Island line to open by year's end". RTHK. 10 November 2016. 
  16. ^ Yeung, Raymond; Chiu, Peace; Ng, Naomi. "It's an early start as Hong Kong's HK$16.9 billion South Island Line opens smoothly". SCMP. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "MTR power glitch hits second day of Hong Kong South Island Line". SCMP. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "Severe delay on South Island Line". MTR Service Update. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "MTR - South Island Line > Station Information > Admiralty Station". www.mtr-southislandline.hk. Retrieved 2016-12-15. 

Further reading[edit]

Papers from Government and Legislature

Press releases

External links[edit]