Spree-Neiße

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Spree-Neiße
District
Brandenburg SPN.svg
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Forst
Area
 • Total 1,647.8 km2 (636.2 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2015)[1]
 • Total 117,635
 • Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration SPN, FOR, GUB, SPB
Website www.landkreis-spree-neisse.de

Spree-Neiße is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the south clockwise) the districts Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis and Kamenz in Saxony, the districts Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Dahme-Spreewald and Oder-Spree. The district-free city Cottbus is surrounded by the district. To the east is Poland.

Geography[edit]

The district is located in the region of Lusatia. The Spree river runs through the district, while the Lusatian Neisse river forms the eastern border, which is at the same time the border of Poland.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1993 by merging the previous districts Cottbus-Land, Forst, Guben and Spremberg.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows four fields each representing one of the previous districts. The crayfish in the topleft symbolizes Cottbus-Land, and is also present in the coat of arms of the city of Cottbus. The lion in the topright is the symbol of the Kingdom of Bohemia, as Spremberg was owned by the Bohemian kings. The deer antler in the bottomright symbolizes Forst, and was taken from the coat of arms of the Lords of Biberstein. The crown in the bottomleft represents the kings of Bohemia again, but this time symbolizing Guben.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Drebkau – Drjowk
  2. Forst (Lausitz)
  3. Guben
  4. Spremberg – Grodk
  5. Welzow – Wjelcej


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Kolkwitz – Gołkojce
  2. Neuhausen/Spree
  3. Schenkendöbern

1. Burg (Spreewald)

  1. Briesen – Brjazyna
  2. Burg – Bórkowy1
  3. Dissen-Striesow – Dešno-Strjažow
  4. Guhrow – Góry
  5. Schmogrow-Fehrow – Smogorjow-Prjawoz
  6. Werben – Wjerbno

2. Döbern-Land

  1. Döbern1, 2
  2. Felixsee
  3. Groß Schacksdorf-Simmersdorf
  4. Jämlitz-Klein Düben
  5. Neiße-Malxetal
  6. Tschernitz
  7. Wiesengrund – Łukojce

3. Peitz

  1. Drachhausen – Hochoza
  2. Drehnow – Drjenow
  3. Heinersbrück – Móst
  4. Jänschwalde – Janšojce
  5. Peitz – Picnjo1, 2
  6. Tauer – Turjej
  7. Teichland – Gatojce
  8. Turnow-Preilack – Turnow-Pśiłuk
1seat of the Amt; 2town

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Spree-Neiße:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 101 025
1890 113 766
1910 138 428
1925 144 789
1933 152 241
1939 156 827
1946 174 693
1950 174 606
1964 172 833
1971 169 325
Year Population
1981 165 870
1985 161 288
1989 158 063
1990 154 926
1991 150 875
1992 148 339
1993 149 606
1994 150 024
1995 150 364
1996 151 279
Year Population
1997 151 830
1998 151 016
1999 150 171
2000 148 700
2001 145 929
2002 143 642
2003 141 256
2004 139 464
2005 136 896
2006 135 017
Year Population
2007 132 798
2008 130 626
2009 128 470
2010 126 400
2011 121 571
2012 120 178
2013 118 899
2014 118 030
2015 117 635

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°41′N 14°24′E / 51.683°N 14.400°E / 51.683; 14.400