Spree-Neiße

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Spree-Neiße
Brandenburg SPN.svg
Country Germany
StateBrandenburg
CapitalForst
Area
 • Total1,647.8 km2 (636.2 sq mi)
Population
(31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total115,456
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationSPN, FOR, GUB, SPB
Websitewww.landkreis-spree-neisse.de

Spree-Neiße (Lower Sorbian: Wokrejs Sprjewja-Nysa) is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the south clockwise) the districts Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis and Kamenz in Saxony, the districts Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Dahme-Spreewald and Oder-Spree. The district-free city Cottbus is surrounded by the district. To the east is Poland.

Geography[edit]

The district is located in the region of Lusatia. The Spree river runs through the district, while the Lusatian Neisse river forms the eastern border, which is at the same time the border of Poland.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1993 by merging the previous districts Cottbus-Land, Forst, Guben and Spremberg.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows four fields each representing one of the previous districts. The crayfish in the topleft symbolizes Cottbus-Land, and is also present in the coat of arms of the city of Cottbus. The lion in the topright is the symbol of the Kingdom of Bohemia, as Spremberg was owned by the Bohemian kings. The deer antler in the bottomright symbolizes Forst, and was taken from the coat of arms of the Lords of Biberstein. The crown in the bottomleft represents the kings of Bohemia again, but this time symbolizing Guben.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Drebkau – Drjowk
  2. Forst (Lausitz)
  3. Guben
  4. Spremberg – Grodk
  5. Welzow – Wjelcej


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Kolkwitz – Gołkojce
  2. Neuhausen/Spree
  3. Schenkendöbern

1. Burg (Spreewald)

  1. Briesen – Brjazyna
  2. Burg – Bórkowy1
  3. Dissen-Striesow – Dešno-Strjažow
  4. Guhrow – Góry
  5. Schmogrow-Fehrow – Smogorjow-Prjawoz
  6. Werben – Wjerbno

2. Döbern-Land

  1. Döbern1, 2
  2. Felixsee
  3. Groß Schacksdorf-Simmersdorf
  4. Jämlitz-Klein Düben
  5. Neiße-Malxetal
  6. Tschernitz
  7. Wiesengrund – Łukojce

3. Peitz

  1. Drachhausen – Hochoza
  2. Drehnow – Drjenow
  3. Heinersbrück – Móst
  4. Jänschwalde – Janšojce
  5. Peitz – Picnjo1, 2
  6. Tauer – Turjej
  7. Teichland – Gatojce
  8. Turnow-Preilack – Turnow-Pśiłuk
1seat of the Amt; 2town

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Spree-Neiße: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 101,025—    
1890 113,766+0.79%
1910 138,428+0.99%
1925 144,789+0.30%
1933 152,241+0.63%
1939 156,827+0.50%
1946 174,693+1.55%
1950 174,606−0.01%
1964 172,833−0.07%
1971 169,325−0.29%
1981 165,870−0.21%
1985 161,288−0.70%
1989 158,063−0.50%
1990 154,926−1.98%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 150,875−2.61%
1992 148,339−1.68%
1993 149,606+0.85%
1994 150,024+0.28%
1995 150,364+0.23%
1996 151,279+0.61%
1997 151,830+0.36%
1998 151,016−0.54%
1999 150,171−0.56%
2000 148,700−0.98%
2001 145,929−1.86%
2002 143,642−1.57%
2003 141,256−1.66%
2004 139,464−1.27%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 136,896−1.84%
2006 135,017−1.37%
2007 132,798−1.64%
2008 130,626−1.64%
2009 128,470−1.65%
2010 126,400−1.61%
2011 121,571−3.82%
2012 120,178−1.15%
2013 118,899−1.06%
2014 118,030−0.73%
2015 117,635−0.33%
2016 116,826−0.69%
2017 115,456−1.17%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°41′N 14°24′E / 51.683°N 14.400°E / 51.683; 14.400