Lusatian Neisse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lusatian Neisse
Neisse bei skerbersdorf 640x480.jpg
Nysa near Skerbersdorf, Krauschwitz municipality
Countries Czech Republic, Poland, Germany
Source Jizera Mountains
 - location Nová Ves nad Nisou, Liberec Region, Czech Republic
 - elevation 655 m (2,149 ft)
 - coordinates 50°43′47″N 15°13′44″E / 50.72972°N 15.22889°E / 50.72972; 15.22889
Mouth Oder
 - location Neißemünde, Brandenburg, Germany
 - elevation 32 m (105 ft)
 - coordinates 52°4′11″N 14°45′20″E / 52.06972°N 14.75556°E / 52.06972; 14.75556Coordinates: 52°4′11″N 14°45′20″E / 52.06972°N 14.75556°E / 52.06972; 14.75556
Length 252 km (157 mi)
Basin 4,403 km2 (1,700 sq mi)
 - average 31 m3/s (1,095 cu ft/s)
Progression OderBaltic Sea
Oder-Neisse line between Germany and Poland.jpg
Oder and Neisse rivers
The Neisse river near village Ratzdorf (D) at the confluence in the Oder river. View to Poland. Up front the Neiße river
The Neisse river near village Ratzdorf (D) at the confluence in the Oder river. View to Poland

The Lusatian Neisse[1][2][3] (Czech: Lužická Nisa; German: Lausitzer Neiße; Polish: Nysa Łużycka; Upper Sorbian: Łužiska Nysa; Lower Sorbian: Łužyska Nysa), or Western Neisse, is a 252-kilometre (157 mi) long river in Central Europe.[4][5] Its drainage basin area is 4,403 km2 (1,700 sq mi), of which 2,201 km2 (850 sq mi) in Poland.[6] It rises in the Jizera Mountains near Nová Ves nad Nisou, Czech Republic, reaching the tripoint with Poland and Germany at Zittau after 54 kilometres (34 mi), and later forming the Polish-German border for a length of 197 kilometres (122 mi).[6] The Lusatian Neisse is a left-bank tributary of the river Oder, into which it flows between Neißemünde-Ratzdorf and Kosarzyn north of the towns of Guben and Gubin.

According to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement in the aftermath of World War II, the river became part of the Polish western border with Germany (the Oder-Neisse line). Being the longest and most notable of the three rivers named Neisse (Neiße) (German) or Nysa (Polish) (the two other rivers being the Eastern Neisse (Polish: Nysa Kłodzka; German: Glatzer Neisse) and Raging Neisse (Polish: Nysa Szalona; German: Wütende Neiße or Jauersche Neiße)), it is simply referred to as the Neisse.


Since the river runs through the historic region of Lusatia, the adjective "Lusatian" or "Western" before the name of the river Neisse is used whenever differentiating this border river from the Eastern Neisse (Polish: Nysa Kłodzka, German: Glatzer Neisse) and the smaller Raging Neisse (Polish: Nysa Szalona; German: Wütende Neisse or Jauersche Neisse), both in Poland.

Towns and villages[edit]

At Bad Muskau the Neisse flows through Muskau Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Cities and towns on the river from source to mouth include:


Right bank:

Left bank:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tockner, Klement; Uehlinger, Urs and Robinson Christopher T. (2009). Rivers of Europe, Academic Press, London, Burlington and San Diego. ISBN 978-0-12-369449-2.
  2. ^ Fritsch-Bournazel, Renata (1992). Europe and German Unification, Berg, Oxford and Providence, RI, p. 106. ISBN 0 85496 979 9
  3. ^ McKenna, Amy (2014). Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland, Britannica Guide to Countries of the EU, New York, p. 193. ISBN 978-1-61530-991-7.
  4. ^ Neisse River at Retrieved 4 Feb 2011.
  5. ^ Transnational Pilot River Basin at Retrieved 4 Feb 2011.
  6. ^ a b Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Poland 2017, Statistics Poland, p. 85-86

External links[edit]