Stanislav Govorukhin

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Stanislav Govorukhin
Stanislav Govorukhin IT MOW 04-11.jpg
Native name Станислав Серге́евич Говорухин
Born Stanislav Sergeyevich Govorukhin
(1936-03-29) March 29, 1936 (age 80)
Berezniki, Russia
Occupation Film director, screenwriter
Awards Orden for Service I.png

Stanislav Sergeyevich Govorukhin PAR (Russian: Станислав Серге́евич Говорухин; born March 29, 1936[1]) has been one of the most popular Soviet and Russian film directors since the 1960s. His films, often featuring detective or adventure plots, are commonly dominated by strong male characters who seek to revenge criminal acts but have to eschew commonly accepted social norms in order to succeed.

Biography[edit]

Govorukhin was born in Berezniki, Sverdlovsk Oblast (now Perm Krai). His parents divorced before he was born. His father Sergei Georgievich Govorukhin came from Don Cossacks and was arrested as part of the decossackization genocide campaign started by Yakov Sverdlov. He had been exiled to Siberia where he died around 1938 at the age of 30. His mother Praskovya Afanasievna Glazkova was a tailor. She came from the Volga region, from a simple Russian family of a village school teacher. She raised Sergei and his sister Inessa by herself and died at the age of 53.[2]

Govorukhin started his career as a geologist in 1958. He then joined a television studio in Kazan and enrolled at the VGIK. During the Soviet period, Govorukhin became noted for his successful adaptations of adolescent classics, including Robinson Crusoe (1973), Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1981),[1][3] In Search of the Castaways (1983), and Desyat Negrityat[1] (an adaptation of Agatha Christie's original 1939 novel And Then There Were None) in 1987.[1] Most of his Soviet movies were made at the Odessa Film Studio. He was good friends with Vladimir Vysotsky and directed three movies starring him - Vertical (1967),[1] White Explosion (1969) and The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed (1979), one of the cult films of the late Soviet era.[1] Several other of his films feature Visotsky's songs written as part of the soundtrack.

Apart from directing, he also wrote screenplays (including the top-grossing Soviet action film Pirates of the 20th Century directed by his fellow student Boris Durov in 1979) and started in movies as an actor. Being a professional mountaineer, he usually did all the tricks by himself. He also dedicated several movies to mountaineering, most notably Vertical and White Explosion which became some of the first examples of this subgenre in the Soviet cinema. In recent years he has been also actively working as a producer.

After the Perestroika, Govorukhin became less active at film making and more active in politics. He became one of the leaders of the Democratic Party of Russia. In 1990, he directed a much-publicised documentary highly critical of the Soviet society, entitled We Can't Live Like This. Although his feature films were previously ignored by the critical establishment, this film won him the Nika Award for Best Director.[1] It was at that time that Govorukhin released an extensive interview with Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.

Govorukhin has been a member of the State Duma since its inauguration in 1993, running the Duma culture committee for some time. Following the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, he had abandoned his previous democratic anti-communist convictions and sided with the national-communist opposition. In 1996, he supported Gennady Zyuganov against Boris Yeltsin during the second round of the presidential election campaign. In 2000, he took part in Russian presidential elections, but failed to be elected. At a Duma by-election in 2005, Govorukhin's opponent, the journalist and satirist Victor Shenderovich, accused him of using illegal funds to guarantee his victory.

By the start of 2000's Govorukhin returned to the cinema, co-starring with Alisa Friendlich in the detective TV series Female Logic and releasing another revenge movie, The Rifleman of the Voroshilov Regiment (with Mikhail Ulyanov in the lead role).

In 2009 Govorukhin started to shoot a movie by Ksenya Stepanycheva screenplay; the movie’s name is “Hearts of Four”.

In June 2013 Govorukhin joined the central staff of the All-Russia People's Front, led by Russian President Vladimir Putin.[4]

In March 2014 he signed a letter in support of the position of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin on Russia's annexation of Crimea.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Govorukhin was married twice. He had one son from his first marriage — Sergey Govorukhin (1961–2011), a famous war correspondent, writer and director of documentary films who took part in different armed conflicts in Tajikistan, Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and both Chechen wars between 1994 and 2005. In 1995 he was wounded by Chechen terrorists which resulted in one of his legs being amputated.[6] Nevertheless, he continued his work. In 1998 he released one of the most acclaimed documentaries about the First Chechen War — Damned and Forgotten that was awarded with the Nika Award in 1998 as the best documentary.[7] He also took part in several non-governmental organizations dedicated to helping disabled war veterans. In 2011 he survived a stroke and died several days later at the age of 50.[8] He left two sons and one daughter.

During the 1990s Stanislav Govorukhin became professionally interested in landscape painting. He has conducted a number of expositions since 1998.[9][10][11]

Govorukhin belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church. In 2016 during his 80th birthday Patriarch Kirill of Moscow awarded him with the II class Order of Sergius of Radonezh.[12]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Original title
Director Screenwriter Notes
1964 Pharmacist Аптекарша
Green tickY
Short
1967 Vertical Вертикаль
Green tickY
Co-directed with Boris Durov
1968 Angel Day День ангела
Green tickY
1969 White Explosion Белый взрыв
Green tickY
Green tickY
1972 Life and Amazing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe Жизнь и удивительные приключения Робинзона Крузо
Green tickY
1974 Contraband Контрабанда
Green tickY
Green tickY
1977 A Breeze of «Hope» Ветер «Надежды»
Green tickY
Green tickY
1978 Marshal of Revolution Маршал революции Actor (General Alexander Kutepov)
1979 The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed Место встречи изменить нельзя
Green tickY
Pirates of the 20th Century Пираты XX века
Green tickY
1980 Invasion Вторжение
Green tickY
1981 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn Приключения Тома Сойера и Гекльберри Финна
Green tickY
Green tickY
1982 The Return of Butterfly Возвращение Баттерфляй Actor (Mikhail Pavlyk)
1983 Among Grey Stones Среди серых камней Actor (judge)
1985 In Search of Captain Grant В поисках капитана Гранта
Green tickY
Green tickY
1986 Secrets of Madame Wong Тайны мадам Вонг
Green tickY
1987 Ten Little Niggers Десять Негритят
Green tickY
Green tickY
Assa Асса Actor (Krymov)
1988 Champagne Splashes Брызги шампанского
Green tickY
Green tickY
1989 Double Exposition Двойная экспозиция Actor (Herman Andreevich)
1990 We Can't Live Like This Так жить нельзя
Green tickY
Green tickY
Sons of Bitches Сукины дети Actor (Sergei Popov, a writer)
1991 And the Wind Returns... И возвращается ветер... Actor (Sergei Gerasimov)
1992 Russia We Lost Россия, которую мы потеряли
Green tickY
Green tickY
Encore, Once More Encore! Анкор, ещё анкор! Actor (Komdiv)
1994 Great Criminal Revolution Великая криминальная революция
Green tickY
Green tickY
Moscow Nights Подмосковные вечера
Green tickY
1995 The Black Veil Чёрная вуаль
Green tickY
Heads and Tails Орёл и решка Actor (Zosima Petrovich)
1997 War Is Over. Forget It... Война окончена. Забудьте... Cameo
1999 The Rifleman of the Voroshilov Regiment Ворошиловский стрелок
Green tickY
Green tickY
2000 The Captain's Daughter Русский бунт
Green tickY
2002–2006 Woman's Logic (mini-series) Женская логика Actor (Andrei Streltsov)
2003 Bless the Woman Благословите женщину
Green tickY
Actor (Komdiv)
2005 Not by Bread Alone Не хлебом единым
Green tickY
Actor (minister)
The 9th Company 9 рота Actor (training regiment commander)
2007 Actress Артистка
Green tickY
2008 Passenger Пассажирка
Green tickY
Green tickY
Producer, actor (Russian consul)
On June, 1941 В июне 41-го
Green tickY
2010 In Jazz Style В стиле jazz
Green tickY
Green tickY
Producer
Lovey-Dovey 3 Любовь-морковь 3 Actor (General)
2013 Weekend Weekend
Green tickY
Green tickY
Producer
2015 The End of a Great Era Конец прекрасной эпохи
Green tickY
Green tickY
Producer

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Stanislav Govorukhin Celebrates his 70th Jubilee". Russia InfoCenter. 30 March 2006. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Autobiography at the official Stanislav Govorukhin website (in Russian)
  3. ^ "Soviet Union: Old Man Dnieper". Time. 26 April 1982. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Putin becomes Popular Front for Russia leader, Interfax-Ukraine (13 June 2013)
  5. ^ "Деятели культуры России — в поддержку позиции Президента по Украине и Крыму". Ministry for Culture of Russian Federation. 
  6. ^ Autobiography at the website In the Memory of Sergei Govorukhin. Afterwords... (in Russian)
  7. ^ 1998 Nika Award at the Awards & Winners website
  8. ^ Sergei Govorukhin: Land of Men (Zemlia liudei, 2011) by David Gillespie // KinoKultura, Issue 35 (2012)
  9. ^ Hobby at the official Stanislav Govorukhin website (in Russian)
  10. ^ Art by Stanislav Govorukhin at Russia-K, March 20, 2006 (in Russian)
  11. ^ An Exhibition of Works by Stanislav Govorukhin at the Russian Academy of Arts website, March 29, 2011 (in Russian)
  12. ^ Patriarch Kirill congratulated the film director S. S. Govorukhin with his 80th birthday at the official Russian Orthodox Church website

External links[edit]