Stephen White (Jesuit)
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Stephen White was born in Clonmel, Ireland, in 1575. In 1592, Trinity College, Dublin was founded, and S. White (in all probability Stephen White) was one of the few students named in the charter. Unwilling to take the Oath of Supremacy, he left his native land and entered the Irish College in Salamanca, Spain, where in 1596 he joined the Society of Jesus, and taught from 1602 to 1606.
From 1606 to 1609 White was professor of Scholastic Philosophy at Ingolstadt. He also held the chair of Theology at Dilingen. He applied himself to the study of history and was generally reputed to be one of the most learned men of his time in Europe. Archbishop Ussher called him a man profoundly versed in the ancient records, not of Ireland alone, but of other countries. His chief interest was in Irish history. To him is due the honour of fixing the historic label "Scotia" to Ireland. He called attention to the treasures of Irish literature preserved in the monasteries and libraries of Germany, and generously supplied many noted scholars, such as Ussher and John Colgan, with accurate copies of Irish manuscripts accompanied by critical emendations and commentaries. It was White who found a copy of Adamnan’s Vita Sancti Columbae ("Life of St. Columba") in a chest in Schaffhausen.
His biographical notices of early Irish saints were utilized in the "Acta SS", and the Bollandists acknowledged the assistance which he gave to Father Heribert Rosweyde. What gave him the bent towards early Irish history seems to have been the publication in Frankfurt by William Camden of two works by Gerald of Wales, which he felt libelled Ireland and its people. In refutation he wrote his best-known work Apologia pro Hibernia adversus Cambri calumnias, probably written some time before 1615. From 1623 to 1627 he was in the Province of Champagne, and from 1627 to 1629 at the college of Metz.
Around 1629 there was a Jesuit college established in Dublin under the patronage of Lady Elizabeth Kildare, widow of Gerald FitzGerald, 14th Earl of Kildare. Jane Ohlmeyer believes Father White was probably the Superior. The college, however, was after a short time suppressed by the Government, and the property was confiscated and handed over to Trinity College. For some years he laboured in his native Diocese of Waterford and Lismore, mainly engaged in teaching catechism to children. In 1645 he was Superior of the Jesuit College in Galway where he died.
- "Stephen White", Ricorso
- Flaherty, Matthew. "Stephen White." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 24 Jul. 2015
- Corcoran, T., State Policy in Irish Education, A.D. 1536 to 1816, Fallon Bros., 1916
- Webb, Alfred. "Stephen White D.D.", A Compendium of Irish Biography, Dublin, M.H. Gill & son, 1878
- White, Stephen. Apologia pro Hibernia adversus Cambri calumnias, (preface), (Matthew Kelly, ed.), Dublin, John O'Daly, 1849
- "Stephen White", Centre for Neo-Latin Studies, University College Cork
- Ohlmeyer, Jane. Making Ireland English, Yale University Press, 2012 ISBN 9780300118346
- Webb, Alfred (1878). " White, Stephen". A Compendium of Irish Biography. Dublin: M. H. Gill & son. Wikisource
- HOGAN, Life of Father Stephen White, S.J. in The Waterford Archaeological Journal, III (1897);
- Reeves, William, Memoir of Stephen White (Royal Irish Academy, 1861)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Stephen White". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.