Lismore, County Waterford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lismore
Lios Mór
Town
Lismore Castle 2.jpg
Lismore Monument and Main Street - geograph.org.uk - 501518.jpg
Lismore Castle and Main Street
Official seal of Lismore
Lismore is located in Ireland
Lismore
Lismore
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°08′12″N 7°55′51″W / 52.1367°N 7.9308°W / 52.1367; -7.9308Coordinates: 52°08′12″N 7°55′51″W / 52.1367°N 7.9308°W / 52.1367; -7.9308
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CountyWaterford
Elevation
86 m (282 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
1,374
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing key
P51
Telephone area code+353(0)58
Irish Grid ReferenceX045984

Lismore (Irish: Lios Mór, meaning 'great ringfort')[2] is a historic town in County Waterford, in the province of Munster, Ireland. Originally associated with Saint Mochuda of Lismore, who founded Lismore Abbey in the 7th century, the town developed around the medieval Lismore Castle. As of the 21st century, Lismore supports a rural catchment area, and was designated as a "district service centre" in Waterford County Council's 2011-2017 development plan.[3] As of 2016, the town had a population of 1,374 people.[1]

History[edit]

Arms of Lismore on a metal plaque

Founded by Saint Mochuda (Irish: Mo Chutu mac Fínaill), died 637, also known as Saint Carthage (Carthach or Carthach the Younger; Latinised: Carthagus, Anglicised: Carthage), first abbot of Lismore (Irish: Les Mór Mo Chutu). The town is renowned for its early ecclesiastical history and the scholarship of Lismore Abbey.

The imposing Lismore Castle, situated on the site of the old monastery since medieval times, lies on a steep hill overlooking the town and the Blackwater valley. It can trace an eight-hundred-year-old history linking the varied historic relations between England and Ireland. Originally built following the arrival of Henry II's son, Prince John, in the twelfth century, the castle was a bishop's palace up to the sixteenth century. Subsequently owned by Sir Walter Raleigh until his demise, it was sold to Richard Boyle, controversial First Earl of Cork, described by historian R. F. Foster, in his Modern Ireland, as an "epitome of Elizabethan adventurer-colonist in Ireland". In 1627 the castle was the birthplace of the First Earl's most famous son, Robert Boyle (of Boyle's Law), known as the "Father of Modern Chemistry". Boyle was chased off his lands in Ireland during the Irish Rebellion of 1641, following which his sons recovered the family estates after suppression of the rebellion. The castle remained in the possession of the Boyle family until it passed to the English Dukes of Devonshire in 1753 when the daughter of the 4th Earl of Cork, Lady Charlotte Boyle, married the Marquess of Hartington, who later succeeded as, in 1755, The 4th Duke of Devonshire, a future Prime Minister of Great Britain and First Lord of the Treasury.[citation needed]

The Lismore Crozier, c. 1100

The Book of Lismore (original name: Leabhar Mhic Cárthaigh Riabhaigh, meaning The Book of Mac Cárthaigh Riabhach), a compilation of medieval Irish manuscripts mainly relating the lives of Irish saints, notably St Brigid, St Patrick, and St Columba, also contains Acallam na Senórach, a most important Middle Irish narrative dating to the 12th century, pertaining to the Fenian Cycle. The Book of Lismore and the Lismore Crozier (an enclosure for an episcopal staff, believed to be the venerable oaken staff of the founder of the abbey), were discovered together in 1814 behind a blocked-up doorway in Lismore Castle. Today, the castle continues in the private ownership of the Dukes of Devonshire who open the gardens and parts of the grounds for public access via a changing programme of local arts and education events. The Book of Lismore is on display at Chatsworth House in Derbyshire, Great Britain, and the Lismore Crozier is in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin.[4]

The medieval Lismore Cathedral, dedicated to St Carthage, variously damaged and repaired over the centuries, is notable for its architecture and the stained glass window by the English pre Raphaelite artist, Edward Burne-Jones.[citation needed] It has been a place of worship since the 7th century but the current cathedral was constructed in the 17th century. [5]

St Carthage's Church in the town is a Roman Catholic church also dedicated to St Carthage. It was opened in 1884 and has operated as a Roman Catholic church since.

A plaque has been erected in the town to commemorate the regular visits made to Lismore by Fred Astaire following an association developed by his sister, Adele Astaire, who was married to Lord Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish, son of The 9th Duke of Devonshire. A notable resident born in the town who has described her early life in Lismore, is the internationally renowned travel writer and world touring cyclist, Dervla Murphy. Another notable resident was George O'Brien, award-winning Irish memoirist, writer, and academic, who was raised by his paternal grandmother in Lismore, described in his memoir The Village of Longing: An Irish Boyhood in the Fifties (1987).[citation needed]

In September 2003, Blackwater Community School opened as an amalgamation of three local schools: Lismore CBS, Presentation Convent, Lismore and St Anne’s Secondary School, Cappoquin.

Location[edit]

Lismore is located in the west of County Waterford, where the N72 road crosses the River Blackwater at the foot of the Knockmealdown Mountains (Irish: Sléibhte Chnoc Mhaoldomhnaigh), the mountain range which divides the counties of Tipperary and Waterford.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2016 census, Lismore had a population of 1,374 of which 86% was white Irish, less than 1% white Irish traveller, 9% other white ethnicities, less than 1% black, less than 1% Asian, with 3% not stating their ethnicity. In terms of religion the town is 81% Catholic, 8% other stated religion, 8% with no religion, and 3% not stated.[1]

Transport[edit]

Bus transport[edit]

Since December 2015, improvements have been made to the frequency of the Local Link (formerly known as Déise Link) bus service.[citation needed] A bus shelter was also provided in the town. There are four services a day each way (Mondays to Saturdays inclusive) to Dungarvan via Cappoquin including a commuter service.[citation needed] In the other direction there are four services to and from Tallow where connections can be made for Fermoy.[7] On Saturdays, a local bus company operate a service to Cork. On Sundays, Bus Éireann route 366 links Lismore to Dungarvan and Waterford. This route only operates on Sundays and comprises a single journey in one direction (no return service on any day of the week).[8]

Rail[edit]

Lismore formerly had a rail station on the now dismantled Waterford to Mallow line and was served by the Cork to Rosslare boat train. The line and station closed in 1967 though the station is still extant.[9]

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

The following people were born in Lismore:

Other notable residents:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Lismore is twinned with

Annalistic references[edit]

See Annals of Inisfallen.

  • AI701.1 Kl. Repose of Cúánna of Les Mór.
  • AI707.1 Kl. Conodur of Les Mór rested.
  • AI730.1 Kl. Repose of Colmán grandson of Lítán, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI752.3 Repose of Mac Uige, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI760.1 Kl. Tríchmech, abbot of Les Mór, rested, and Abnér, abbot of Imlech Ibuir.
  • AI763.1 Kl. Repose of Rónán, bishop of Les Mór.
  • AI768.1 Kl. Aedan, abbot of Les Mór, rested.
  • AI774.2 Suairlech, abbot of Les Mór, [rested].
  • AI778.2 Repose of Airdmesach of Les Mór.
  • AI783.3 Repose of Suairlech Ua Tipraiti in Les Mór.
  • AI794.4 Violation(?) of the Rule of Les Mór in the reign of Aedán Derg.
  • AI814.1 Kl. Repose of Aedán moccu Raichlich, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI814.2 The abbacy of Les Mór to Flann, son of Fairchellach.
  • AI818.2 The shrine of Mochta of Lugmad in flight before Aed, son of Niall, and it came to Les Mór.
  • AI825.1 Kl. Repose of Flann son of Fairchellach, abbot of Les Mór, Imlech Ibuir, and Corcach.
  • AI833.1 Kl. Les Mór Mo-Chutu and Cell Mo-Laise plundered by the heathens.
  • AI867.1 Kl. Amlaíb committed treachery against Les Mór, and Martan was liberated from him.
  • AI883.1 Kl. The burning of Les Mór by the son of lmar.
  • AI912.1 Kl. Repose of Mael Brigte son of Mael Domnaig, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI920.1 Kl. The martyrdom of Cormac son of Cuilennán, bishop and vice-abbot of Les Mór, abbot of Cell Mo-Laise, king of the Déisi, and chief counsellor of Mumu, at the hands of the Uí Fhothaid Aiched.
  • AI938.1 Kl. Repose of Ciarán son of Ciarmacán, abbot of Les Mór Mo-Chutu.
  • AI947.1 Kl. A leaf [descended] from heaven upon the altar of Imlech Ibuir, and a bird spoke to the people; and many other marvels this year; and Blácair, king of the foreigners, was killed.
  • AI953.2 Repose of Diarmait, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI954.3 Diarmait son of Torpaid, abbot of Les Mór, [rested].
  • AI958.3 Repose of Cinaed Ua Con Minn, bishop of Les Mór and Inis Cathaig.
  • AI959.2 Repose of Maenach son of Cormac, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI983.3 Repose of Cormac son of Mael Ciarain, abbot of Les Mór.
  • AI1024.3 Repose of Ua Maíl Shluaig, coarb of Mo-Chutu.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Sapmap Area: Settlements Lismore". Census 2016. Central Statistics Office. 2016. Archived from the original on 14 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Lios Mór/Lismore". Placenames Database of Ireland (logainm.ie). Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Chapter 1 - Introduction to the Local Area Plan". Lismore Local Area Plan 2014-2020 (PDF) (Report). Waterford County Council. 2014.
  4. ^ "The Lismore Crozier was discovered at Lismore Castle in the 19th Century, and dates from 1100 AD". National Museum of Ireland. Retrieved 2 October 2021
  5. ^ "Lismore Cathedral – Lismore Heritage Town".
  6. ^ "CSO Census". Central Statistics Office.Archived 2010-09-20 at the Wayback Machine; "Histpop - The Online Historical Population Reports Website".; Figures post 1961 are for Lismore and environs; For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee "On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses" in Irish Population, Economy and Society edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, and also "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850" by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó Gráda in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 473–488.
  7. ^ "Who Can Use The Local Link Service? – Local Link Waterford – Public Transport Bus Service". 4 July 2017. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Timetable Route 366" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  9. ^ "Lismore". eiretrains.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2016.

External links[edit]