Stone Mountain, Georgia

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Stone Mountain, Georgia
City
Main Street in Stone Mountain Village
Main Street in Stone Mountain Village
Official seal of Stone Mountain, Georgia
Seal
Motto(s): "A City of Vision"[1]
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Stone Mountain is located in Metro Atlanta
Stone Mountain
Stone Mountain
Location of Stone Mountain in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°48′19″N 84°10′17″W / 33.80528°N 84.17139°W / 33.80528; -84.17139Coordinates: 33°48′19″N 84°10′17″W / 33.80528°N 84.17139°W / 33.80528; -84.17139
Country United States
State Georgia
County DeKalb
Settled as New Gibraltar c. 1839
Incorporated as Stone Mountain c. 1847
Government
 • Mayor Patricia Wheeler[1]
Area
 • Total 1.64 sq mi (4.2 km2)
 • Land 1.64 sq mi (4.2 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,043 ft (318 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,802
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 6,328
 • Density 3,500/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 770
FIPS code 13-73816[3]
GNIS feature ID 0326087[4]
Website City of Stone Mountain Georgia

Stone Mountain is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. The population was 5,802 at the 2010 census.[5] Stone Mountain is located in the eastern part of DeKalb County and is a suburb of Atlanta. It lies near to but does not include the geological formation Stone Mountain.

History[edit]

Former City Hall

In 1822, the area that now makes up the city of Stone Mountain was made a part of the newly formed DeKalb County. A post office was created in 1834 on the old Augusta Road, and Andrew Johnson built a hotel along the road in 1836. At around the same time, Aaron Cloud built an observation tower at the summit of the mountain. Visitors to the mountain would travel to the area by rail and road, and then hike up the 1.1-mile (1.8 km) mountaintop trail to the top, where Cloud also had a restaurant and club.

By 1839, a general store was added, and a village was established under the name New Gibraltar. The name was officially changed to Stone Mountain by the Georgia legislature in 1847. The town is named for nearby Stone Mountain. During the Civil War, Stone Mountain village was destroyed by men under the command of General James B. McPherson on July 19, 1864.

After the Civil War ended, housing in the area was rebuilt as stone was again needed for construction across the nation. A significant portion of the quarry's work force consisted of African-Americans. However, they were generally excluded from areas where white families lived, so a shantytown, "Shermantown", came into being at the southeast side of the village. Shermantown was one of several such ramshackle enclaves which came into being after the Civil War; its title was a dour recognition of the destruction which Union General William T. Sherman had caused in his March to the Sea. Its newly freed African-Americans moved in search of work but were denied places to live in existing communities due to segregation. By the twentieth century, much of Shermantown had been replaced, becoming integrated into the growing Stone Mountain community. By 2010 the few visible remains include Sherman Town Park at the southeast side of town.[6][7]

Government[edit]

The Stone Mountain area's government of police and services is separated into two distinct municipalities, the Downtown or Historic Section, and the greater Stone Mountain area which stretches across DeKalb and Gwinnett counties. The Downtown or Historic section is governed by a local police department, city hall, and mayor. Residents within the city limits of Stone Mountain receive services from the City of Stone Mountain Police Department while the greater Stone Mountain areas receive services from the DeKalb County or Gwinnett County Police departments. "There are often misconceptions about crime in the incorporated City and unincorporated areas that are adjacent to the city limits." [8]

The City of Stone Mountain allows the use of golf carts for transportation. The area within the city limits is one of the few areas in Metro Atlanta with such a provision; Motorized Cart Permits (Golf Cart) are issued through the Police Department. Rules for golf carts and inspection requirements are located in Chapter 13, Section 13-136 through 13-144 of the Stone Mountain City Ordinances.[9]

Geography[edit]

Stone Mountain is located at 33°48′19″N 84°10′17″W / 33.80528°N 84.17139°W / 33.80528; -84.17139 (33.805255, -84.171413).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 0.62% is water.

While the city of Stone Mountain itself is in DeKalb County, some of the town's mailing addresses are in Gwinnett County.

The Downtown or Historic section of Stone Mountain is home to nonprofit organization "Side By Side", "Georgia's only nonprofit organization committed to providing lifelong support to people with traumatic brain injury"; with many clients coming from Shepherd's Center of Atlanta.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870690
188079915.8%
189092916.3%
1900835−10.1%
19101,06227.2%
19201,26619.2%
19301,3355.5%
19401,4085.5%
19501,89934.9%
19601,9764.1%
19701,899−3.9%
19804,867156.3%
19906,49433.4%
20007,14510.0%
20105,802−18.8%
Est. 20166,328[2]9.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 5,802 people, 2,587 households, and 1,386 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,500 people per square mile (1,400/km²). There were 2,587 housing units at an average density of 1,577 per square mile (616/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.2% African American, 16.8% White, 0.4% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population.

There were 2,587 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 27.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 66.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males age 18 and over.

In the 2000 census (financial information was not asked on the 2010 census) the median income for a household in the city was $38,603, and the median income for a family was $40,888. Males had a median income of $28,302 versus $28,854 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,130. About 9.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

The City of Stone Mountain is also home to the ART Station Contemporary Arts Center and Theatre Company as well as the Stone Mountain Arts Incubator Program. The famous or infamous offer of a Tour of Southern Ghosts can be found in the Downtown Stone

The downtown Stone Mountain area has burgeoning LGBT diversity.[13]

Education[edit]

The schools serving the City of Stone Mountain,[14] and nearby areas in DeKalb County are operated by the DeKalb County Public Schools. Nearby areas in Gwinnett County are served by the Gwinnett County Public Schools. The area within the city limits of Stone Mountain does not have a separate school district.

The Administrative and Instructional Complex of the DeKalb County School District is located in an unincorporated area near Stone Mountain. The DeKalb County Public Schools East DeKalb Campus, a district facility, is also located in an unincorporated area near Stone Mountain.[15]

Most of city limits of Stone Mountain is assigned to Stone Mountain Elementary School while sections are zoned to Stone Mill and Rockbridge elementaries.[16] All residents of the city limits are assigned to Stone Mountain Middle School,[17] and Stone Mountain High School.[18]

Georgia Military College (GMC) is divided into the junior college, a military junior college program, high school, and middle school in Milledgeville, Georgia. In addition to the main campus in Milledgeville, GMC Junior College has other campus locations and extension offices. The Downtown or Historic Stone Mountain area is home to one of the campus locations.

DeKalb County Public Library operates the Stone Mountain-Sue Kellogg Library.[19]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "City of Stone Mountain Georgia". Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Stone Mountain city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  6. ^ The park's entrance is at 33.800975/-84.164071 degrees lat/long.
  7. ^ "In the Shadow of Stone Mountain" - Smithsonian Magazine, 4 May 2018
  8. ^ "City of Stone Mountain Releases 2014 Crime Statistics"
  9. ^ "Police Department - Stone Mountain"
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "Doctors Beat Lawyers In Charity Game", The Champion
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "The next Georgia LGBT mecca is...Stone Mountain? - Georgia Voice - Gay & LGBT Atlanta News". Georgia Voice - Gay & LGBT Atlanta News. 19 February 2015. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Zoning Map." City of Stone Mountain. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  15. ^ "Schools and Centers Archived 2012-09-21 at the Wayback Machine.." DeKalb County School District. Retrieved on September 18, 2012. "Admin. and Instructional Complex 1701 Mountain Industrial Boulevard Stone Mountain, GA 30083" and "5839 Memorial Drive Stone Mountain, GA 30083"
  16. ^ "Elementary School Attendance Areas 2016 - 2017 School Year." DeKalb County School System. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  17. ^ "Middle School Attendance Areas 2016 - 2017 School Year." DeKalb County School System. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  18. ^ "High School Attendance Areas 2016 - 2017 School Year." DeKalb County School System. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
  19. ^ "Library Locations & Hours[permanent dead link]." DeKalb County Public Library. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
  20. ^ USA Track/Field -- Joanna Atkins
  21. ^ "Emporio A Milano". 
  22. ^ "NOUREEN DEWULF VIDEO". Online Video Guide. Archived from the original on May 2, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Donald Glover". IMDb.com. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Jim Goad". Taki's Magazine. 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  25. ^ Staff. "New Orleans Seminary awards degrees to nine graduates with Georgia ties". The Christian Index. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 

External links[edit]