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This article is about the surname. For other uses, see Strauss (disambiguation).
Family name
DEU Strausberg COA.svg
An ostrich as symbol of the town of Strausberg
Pronunciation [ʃtʀaʊ̯s]
Region of origin Germania
Related names Strauß, Struz, Strutz, Straus, Struys, Struijs, Struis, Straussman, Strausman

Strauss, Strauß or Straus is a common Germanic surname. Outside Germany and Austria Strauß is always spelled Strauss (the letter "ß" is not used in the German-speaking part of Switzerland).

The families using the Strauss name represent a genetically varied group of people of both Jewish and Germanic origin.[1]

The name has been used by families in the Germanic area for at least a thousand years. The overlord of Gröna for example, went by the name of Struz and used the image of an ostrich as his symbol. Examples of it could still be seen on the thousand-year-old church bell of that town.[2] "Struz" or "Strutz" is the North-German form of the word "Strauss", which is the modern German word for an "Ostrich".

Some of the earliest Jewish bearers of the name hailed from the Judengasse in medieval Frankfurt, where families have been known by the name of the houses they inhabited.[3] All the houses had names and these included Haus Strauss, complete with an image of an ostrich on the façade.[4]

When, for tax purposes, Napoleon made surnames obligatory in 1808, some more Jewish families decided to adopt the Straus(s) name.[5]

People named Strauss or Strauß or Straus[edit]




Places and institutions named Strauss or Strauß or Straus[edit]

Fictional Strauss characters[edit]

  • Akabara Strauss, Vampire King from the manga The Record of a Fallen Vampire
  • Artie Strauss, fictional character based on the real life murderer Richard Loeb of the infamous murder duo Leopold and Loeb
  • Dr Arthur Strauss, fictional character who served as the original mentor of serial killer and cult leader Joe Carroll, lead character in the TV series The Following
  • Erin Strauss, fictional FBI Section Chief played by Jayne Atkinson in the TV series Criminal Minds
  • Hans and Greta Strauss, inspiration for the fairy tale of "Hansel and Gretel" according to the Buffy episode "Gingerbread"
  • Judge Robert Strauss, fictional character who presided over Carrie Mathison's competency hearing in Homeland
  • Justice Strauss, fictional character from A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket
  • Maximilian Strauss, from the game Vampire The Masquerade: Bloodlines one of the Primogen in Los Angeles, representing the Tremere. Among his clan, he holds the title of Regent and supervised the local Chantry in Downtown.
  • Mrs Strauss, an elderly client of Jimmy McGill whom he assists with estate planning in the Better Call Saul episode titled Alpine Shepherd Boy.
  • Roman Strauss, fictional conductor-composer from the 1991 psychological thriller Dead Again
  • Tracy Strauss, fictional character from NBC's science fiction TV series "Heroes" by Tim Kring.
  • The Strauss siblings, Mirajane, Elfman, and Lisanna. All three are wizards and Fairy Tail guild members from the manga Fairy Tail by Hiro Mashima.