An ostrich as symbol of the town of Strausberg
|Pronunciation||/ ʃtʀaʊ̯s /|
|Region of origin||Germania|
|Related names||Strauß, Struz, Strutz, Straus, Struys, Struijs, Struis, Straussman, Strausman|
|Look up Strauß in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
The families using the Strauss name represent a genetically varied group of people of both Jewish and Germanic origin.
The name has been used by families in the Germanic area for at least a thousand years. The overlord of Gröna for example, went by the name of Struz and used the image of an ostrich as his symbol. Examples of it could still be seen on the thousand-year-old church bell of that town. "Struz" or "Strutz" is the North-German form of the word "Strauss", which is the modern German word for an "Ostrich".
Some of the earliest Jewish bearers of the name hailed from the Judengasse in medieval Frankfurt, where families have been known by the name of the houses they inhabited. All the houses had names and these included Haus Strauss, complete with an image of an ostrich on the façade.
People named Strauss or Strauß or Straus
- Adolf Strauss (or Strauß 1879–1973), German Colonel General
- Adriaan Strauss (born 1985), South African Springbok rugby union player
- Allison W. Strauss American fighter pilot after which Strauss Airfield in Australia is named
- Andrew Strauss (born 1977), South African born former English cricket captain
- Andries Strauss (born 1984), South African Springbok rugby union player; brother of Irish International Richardt Strauss and cousin of Springbok Adriaan Strauss
- Annette Strauss (1924–1998), philanthropist and former mayor of Dallas, Texas
- Anselm Strauss (1916–1996), American sociologist
- Anton Strauss (born 1858), German-Russian engineer, inventor and entrepreneur
- Astrid Strauss (born 1968), East German swimmer
- Barry S. Strauss, American classicist and historian
- Bill Strauss (footballer) (1916–1984), South African born Scottish footballer and cricketer
- Billy Straus, American record producer and songwriter
- Botho Strauß (born 1944), German writer and playwright
- Bruce Strauss (born 1952), American boxer
- Carolyn Strauss, American television executive and producer
- Christoph Straus (around 1580–1631), composer
- Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009), French anthropologist
- Danie Strauss (born 1946), South African philosopher
- Darin Strauss (born 1970), American writer
- David Strauss (David Friedrich Strauss or Strauß, 1808–1874), German theologian and writer
- D'Niel Strauss (born 1992), South African Entrepreneur and Venture Capital investor who is married to Rolene Strauss.
- Dominique Strauss-Kahn (born 1949), French politician, former managing director of the International Monetary Fund
- Donald B. Straus (1916–2007), American educator, author, political advisor
- Eduard Strauss (1835–1916), Austrian composer, son of Johann Strauss I
- Eric Strauss (born 1960), American biologist, professor at Boston College
- Ernst G. Straus (1922–1983), mathematician and assistant to Albert Einstein
- Erwin Straus (1891–1975), phenomenologist and neurologist of European origin
- Franz Josef Strauss (or Strauß, 1915–1988), German politician (CSU)
- Franz Strauss (1822–1905), German horn player and composer, father of Richard Strauss
- Harry L. Straus, (1896–1949), American electrical engineer, horse and cattle breeder, sportsman, entrepreneur and computer pioneer
- Harry Strauss (1909–1941), contract killer for Murder, Inc. in the 1930s
- Henry Strauss, 1st Baron Conesford, member of the British Parliament from 1935 to 1955
- Hugo Strauß (1907–1941), German rower
- Isidor Straus (1845–1912), owner of R.H. Macy Co., member of the U.S. House of Representatives, died when the steamer Titanic sank
- Ivan Štraus (born 1928), Bosnian architect
- Jack Straus, American professional poker player
- Jael Strauss, contestant in America's Next Top Model, Cycle 8
- James Straus, American special effects artist and animation developer
- James Strauss (flutist) (born 1974), Brazilian flutist
- James D. Strauss (born 1929), American theologian and professor
- Jesse I. Straus (1872–1936), son of Isidor Straus, president of Macy's, U.S. ambassador to France 1933–36
- Jessica Straus (born 1962), American voice actress
- Jo-Ann Strauss (born 1981), Miss South Africa in 2000
- Joe Straus (born 1959), politician from Texas
- Joe Strauss (1858–1906), American baseball player
- Johann Strauss I (1804–1849), Austrian composer (Radetzky March), father of Johann Strauss II, Josef Strauss, and Eduard Strauss
- Johann Strauss II (1825–1899), Austrian composer (Die Fledermaus, Blue Danube Waltz)
- Johann Strauss III (1866–1939), Austrian composer, son of Eduard Strauss
- Jon Strauss, former president of Harvey Mudd College
- Josef Strauss (1827–1870), Austrian composer, son of Johann Strauss I
- Joseph Straus, German patent scholar
- Joseph Strauss (disambiguation), several people, including:
- Josh Strauss (born 1986), South African rugby union player
- Julius Strauss, British journalist
- Julius Strauss (photographer) (1857–1924), American photographer
- Karin Straus (born 1971), Dutch politician
- Karl Strauss (1912–2006), German-American master brewer and co-founder of Karl Strauss Brewing Company
- Kim Strauss (or Kurt Strauss), actor
- Jacobus Gideon Nel Strauss (1900–1990), aka Koos Strauss, Kosie Strauss, J. G. N. Strauss, South African politician and Leader of the opposition after Jan Smuts
- Leo Strauss (1899–1973), political philosopher
- Levi Strauss (disambiguation), several people, including:
- Lewis Strauss (1896–1974) American businessman and chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission
- Lotte Strauss (1913–1985), American pathologist after which Churg–Strauss syndrome is named
- Ludwig Straus, Hungarian-Austrian violinist
- Maayan Strauss (born 1983), Israeli artist
- Marianne Strauss (1923–1996), German Holocaust survivor
- Mark L. Strauss, New Testament professor
- Mark Strauss (journalist), American journalist
- Michael W. Straus, American government official
- Nathan Straus (1848–1931), German-American merchant and philanthropist
- Nathan Straus, Jr. (1889–1961), New York journalist and politician
- Neil Strauss, (born 1969) American journalist and author
- Nita Strauss (born 1986), American guitarist
- Ofra Strauss, chief executive officer of Israeli food products manufacturer Strauss
- Oscar Straus (composer) (1870–1954), Austrian composer of operettas
- Oscar Straus (politician), Secretary of Commerce and Labor under President Theodore Roosevelt
- Paul Strauss (born 1964), politician from the District of Columbia
- Peter Strauss (born 1947), American actor
- R. Peter Straus (born 1917), director of the Voice of America under President Jimmy Carter, son of Nathan Straus, Jr.
- Ralph Straus Regula (born 1924), politician from Beach City, Stark County, Ohio
- Ray Strauss (1927–2013), Australian cricketer
- Richard Strauss (1864–1949), German composer of operas and tone poems (Salome, Also sprach Zarathustra)
- Richard L. Strauss (born 1970), president of the Strauss Radio Strategies company
- Richardt Strauss (born 1986), South African rugby union player representing Ireland internationally; brother of Springbok Andries Strauss and cousin of Springbok Adriaan Strauss
- Robert Schwarz Strauss, American diplomat
- Robert Strauß (born 1986), German football player
- Robert Strauss (actor), American actor
- Robert E Strauss (born 1983), American professional wrestler using the ring name Robbie E
- Roger Williams Straus, Jr., co-founder of book publishers Farrar, Straus and Giroux
- Rolene Strauss (born 1992), Miss South Africa 2014, Miss World 2014
- Sagi Strauss (born 1976), Israeli footballer
- Stephen Straus (1946–2007), American medical researcher
- Steven Strauss, American businessman
- Sylvia Straus, pianist
- Thomas Strauß (born 1953), German rower
- Tiaan Strauss (born 1965), South African Springbok rugby union player
- Victoria Strauss, fantasy author
- William Strauss, (1947–2007), American author, historian, playwright, lecturer and theorist
- William M. Straus, (born 1956), member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
- Zoe Strauss, (born 1970), American photographer
Places and institutions named Strauss or Strauß or Straus
- J Strauss & Son, A piano manufacturer 
- Karl Strauss Brewing Company, A San Diego-based Craft Beer Company
- Strauss Airfield, Airfield in Australia
- Strauss (Band), British Rock Band
- Strauss Bier, A Brazilian beer
- Strauss Group Ltd, a food products manufacturer in Israel
- Strauss Innovation (Stores), German department store chain
- Strauss Theatre Center, Strauss Theatre Center in Monroe, LA
- Strauss Winery, An Austrian wine estate 
Strauss Y-DNA Project
- A Strauss Y-DNA Research Project has been set up through Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) to gain a better understanding of the history and interconnectedness of the various Strauss clans around the world.
Fictional Strauss characters
- Akabara Strauss, Vampire King from the manga The Record of a Fallen Vampire
- Artie Strauss, fictional character based on the real life murderer Richard Loeb of the infamous murder duo Leopold and Loeb
- Dr Arthur Strauss, fictional character who served as the original mentor of serial killer and cult leader Joe Carroll, lead character in the TV series The Following
- Erin Strauss, fictional FBI Section Chief played by Jayne Atkinson in the TV series Criminal Minds
- Hans and Greta Strauss, inspiration for the fairy tale of "Hansel and Gretel" according to the Buffy episode "Gingerbread"
- Judge Robert Strauss, fictional character who presided over Carrie Mathison's competency hearing in Homeland
- Justice Strauss, fictional character from A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket
- Maximilian Strauss, from the game Vampire The Masquerade: Bloodlines one of the Primogen in Los Angeles, representing the Tremere. Among his clan, he holds the title of Regent and supervised the local Chantry in Downtown.
- Mrs Strauss, an elderly client of Jimmy McGill whom he assists with estate planning in the Better Call Saul episode titled Alpine Shepherd Boy.
- Roman Strauss, fictional conductor-composer from the 1991 psychological thriller Dead Again
- Tracy Strauss, fictional character from NBC's science fiction TV series "Heroes" by Tim Kring.
- The Strauss siblings, Mirajane, Elfman, and Lisanna. All three are wizards and Fairy Tail guild members from the manga Fairy Tail by Hiro Mashima.
- Strauss, Jaco. "Strauss Y-DNA Results". Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- Schubart, Friedrich Winfried (1896). "Die Glocken im Herzogtum Anhalt". Dessau. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Jewish Personal Names". Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Infobank Judengassse Frankfurt am Main". Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- "Straus". Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- Strauss, Jaco. "Strauss Y-DNA Research Project". Retrieved 6 April 2014.