The ancient EgyptianSun-shining-with-rays hieroglyph, Gardiner sign listed no. N8, is a portrayal of the 'sun, with rays shining down from it'; it commonly is portrayed with 3-rays; older versions may have 4-rays, and an equivalent version is closer in form to the hieroglyph for the faience necklace (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. S16, with elongated 3-rays,
One example usage from the 198 BC Rosetta Stone is from line R10 of the engraved stone and is shown in the photo text. A double crown-(pschent crown) is to be made for the statue of the pharaoh, and a description of how it is to be mounted is given. The end of the specifications are:
"...an uraeus likewise on a basket [and] a papyrus cluster under her on her angle(=corner) left, the meaning whereof is, The Lord of the Two Crowns illumineth the Two Lands-(Egypt)..Inasmuch as..."
Magical Egyptian ivory wands from the 3rd millennium BC, and specifically by 2100 BC show magical protective animals, gods, and Egyptian hieroglyphs. One common god is Bes. A complex iconographic designed ivory wand has lions, walking and reclining, a crocodile head, a large scarab, a ram-head, wearing a crown, Apep, and Heket upon her basket. Also shown a uraeus, gazelle-headed staffs with knife, a serpopard, and a total of 10 knives, one held by the standing Hippopotamus God, one hand on the Sa-protection hieroglyph. The entire iconography is complex.
The sun-shining-with-rays hieroglyph is shown once, in front of the crown, upon the Ram-head. It is faience-like, is like the sun hieroglyph, no. N5, with its central dot,
, and has 4 vertical, and undulating rays of light.
Fleming; Lothian; (and Fletcher), 1997. The Way to Eternity: Egyptian Myth, Fergus Fleming, Alan Lothian, and consultant Dr. Joann Fletcher. c 1997, Duncan Baird Publishers. (hardcover, ISBN 0-7054-3503-2)