Super Over

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A Super Over,[1][2] also called a one-over eliminator[3][4] or officially a one over per side eliminator or Oopse,[5] is a tie-breaking method used in limited-overs cricket matches, where both teams play a single, additional over of six balls to determine the winner of the match. A match which goes to a Super Over is officially declared a "tie", and won by the team who scored the most runs in the Super Over. If the Super Over also ends in a tie, the winner is typically decided by the number of boundaries scored throughout the match.

History[edit]

A Super Over was first used in 2008 in Twenty20, replacing the bowl-out method that was previously used for breaking a tie. The Super Over was introduced into One Day International (ODI) cricket at the 2011 Cricket World Cup knockout stage, but it was left unused. For the following World Cup in 2015, only the final would be decided by a Super Over in the event of a tie. Ties in other knockout-stage matches returned to the previous rule where the team with the better group stage performance would advance. In 2017, the ICC instated Super Over in the knockout stages of that year's Women's Cricket World Cup and Champions Trophy.[6][7] The 2019 Cricket World Cup Final marked the first ever ODI to be decided by a Super Over: after the two teams tied on runs in their Super Over, England was declared the winner over New Zealand on boundaries scored.[8]

Views on use[edit]

The Super Over is often used in the group stage of Twenty20 tournaments. Journalist Sambit Bal described this use as being unnecessary for situations outside knockout stages. He sees a tie being a satisfactory result both to the teams and in entertainment value.[9] Former New Zealand coach Mike Hesson also criticised the practice after his team lost two matches by Super Overs in the Super Eight group stage of the 2012 ICC World Twenty20.[10] After their loss of the 2019 Cricket World Cup final to England in a Super Over, New Zealand coach Gary Stead suggested that the ICC should have considered awarding the championship jointly to both teams rather than play a tiebreaker.[11]

Rules[edit]

The International Cricket Council state the official rules for Super Overs in the Standard Twenty20 International Match Playing Conditions, in effect from 1 October 2012.[12][13]

Each team selects three batsmen, giving them two wickets for their Super Over. The team who batted second in the match bats first in the Super Over. If the Super Overs of both teams also end in a tie, the winner is determined by either the number of boundaries scored throughout the match and Super Over, the number of boundaries scored throughout the match but excluding the Super Over, or a count-back conducted from the last ball of the Super Over. If the Duckworth–Lewis method was used during the match, the Super Over immediately goes to the count-back criteria.

Before 1 October 2010, Super Overs ending in a tie had the winner first decided by the number of boundary sixes the teams hit in both innings, then by the sixes hit in the main match.[14]

Variations[edit]

In the 2014–15 season, the Big Bash League began using a variation of the rules, allowing each innings the full amount of 10 wickets.[15]

Example[edit]

Chris Gayle scored 25 runs in the first Super Over

The first use of a Super Over was in the tied Twenty20 match between the West Indies and New Zealand on 26 December 2008. West Indies scored 25/1 in their Super Over and New Zealand replied with 15/2.[16][2]

The 26 December 2008 Twenty20 match between New Zealand and the West Indies was tied after each sides' 20 overs.[2]

- Daniel Vettori was the "nominated bowler" for New Zealand.
- Chris Gayle and Xavier Marshall opened the "mini-innings".
- Marshall was run out without facing a ball, and Shivnarine Chanderpaul similarly remained at the non-striker's end.
- Gayle hit 25 runs off the 6 balls he faced.
The West Indies "Super Over" score was 25 for 1 from six balls.[17]
- Sulieman Benn was the nominated bowler for the West Indies.
- NZ opener Jacob Oram was caught on Benn's third "Super Over" delivery.
- Third man in Ross Taylor hit a six but was then clean bowled on the next ball. Oram's "Super Over" opening partner Brendon McCullum didn't face a delivery.
The New Zealand Super Over score was 15 for 2 (all out) from five balls.[17]

The West Indies thus won the Super Over.

Matches decided by a Super Over[edit]

One Day International[edit]

Date Venue Winner Score Loser Score ODI Ref
14 July 2019 England Lord's, London, England  England 15/0  New Zealand 15/1 World Cup Final [18]

England won due to having more boundaries in the match (26–17).

Twenty20 International[edit]

Date Venue Winner Score Loser Score T20I Ref
26 December 2008 New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand  West Indies 25/1  New Zealand 15 all out 1st [17]
28 February 2010 New Zealand AMI Stadium, Christchurch, New Zealand  New Zealand 9/0  Australia 6/1 2nd [19]
7 September 2012 United Arab Emirates DSC Cricket Stadium, Dubai, United Arab Emirates  Pakistan 12/0  Australia 11/1 2nd [20]
27 September 2012 Sri Lanka Pallekele International Cricket Stadium, Kandy, Sri Lanka  Sri Lanka 13/1  New Zealand 7/1 Match 13 [21]
1 October 2012 Sri Lanka Pallekele International Cricket Stadium, Kandy, Sri Lanka  West Indies 18/0  New Zealand 17/0 Match 21 [22]
30 November 2015 United Arab Emirates Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates  England 4/0  Pakistan 3/1 3rd [23]
22 January 2019 Oman Al Emarat Cricket Stadium, Muscat  Qatar 6/0  Kuwait 5/1 Match 5 [24]
19 March 2019 South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town  South Africa 15/0  Sri Lanka 5/0 1st [25]
31 May 2019 Guernsey College Field, Saint Peter Port  Jersey 15/0  Guernsey 14/1 1st [26]
25 June 2019 Netherlands Hazelaarweg, Rotterdam  Zimbabwe 18/0  Netherlands 9/1 2nd [27]
5 July 2019 Qatar West End Park, Doha  Qatar 14 runs  Kuwait 12 runs 2nd [28]

Domestic Twenty20[edit]

Date Venue Tournament Winner Score Loser Score Scorecard Ref
18 February 2009 South Africa Kingsmead, Durban Standard Bank Pro20 Cape Cobras 6/1 Dolphins 3 all out Semi-final [29]
18 February 2009 South Africa St George's Park, Port Elizabeth Standard Bank Pro20 Diamond Eagles 16/0 Warriors 5/1 Semi-final [30]
23 April 2009 South Africa Newlands, Cape Town Indian Premier League Rajasthan Royals 18/0 Kolkata Knight Riders 15/1 Match 10 [31]
13 October 2009 India Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi Champions League Twenty20 Diamond Eagles 9/1 Sussex Sharks 0 all out Match 11 [4][32]
26 January 2010 New Zealand Colin Maiden Park, Auckland HRV Cup Otago Volts 14 all out Auckland Aces 8/1 Match 28 [33]
21 March 2010 India M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai Indian Premier League Kings XI Punjab 10/1 Chennai Super Kings 9 all out Match 16 [34]
23 July 2010 Barbados Kensington Oval, Bridgetown Caribbean Twenty20 Barbados 16/1 Combined Campuses and Colleges 16/0 Match 4 [35]
18 September 2010 South Africa St George's Park, Port Elizabeth Champions League Twenty20 Victorian Bushrangers 23/0 Chennai Super Kings 13/0 Match 13 [36][37]
13 January 2011 Antigua and Barbuda Sir Vivian Richards Stadium, North Sound Caribbean Twenty20 Hampshire Royals 1/1 Barbados 0 all out Match 7 [38]
1 July 2011 Pakistan Iqbal Stadium, Faisalabad Faysal Bank Super Eight T20 Cup Rawalpindi Rams 16/0 Karachi Dolphins 7/1 Final [39]
27 August 2011 England Edgbaston, Birmingham Friends Life t20 Leicestershire Foxes 15/0 Lancashire Lightning 13/0 Semi-final 1 [40]
27 August 2011 England Edgbaston, Birmingham Friends Life t20 Somerset 16/0 Hampshire Royals 5/1 Semi-final 2 [41]
28 September 2011 India M. A. Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai Champions League Twenty20 New South Wales Blues 18/0 Trinidad and Tobago 15/1 Match 8 [42]
7 December 2012 Pakistan Lahore City Cricket Association Ground, Lahore Faysal Bank T20 Cup Abbottabad Falcons 9/1 Quetta Bears 6/1 Match 37
11 January 2013 Trinidad and Tobago Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain Caribbean Twenty20 Jamaica 4/0 Leeward Islands 2 all out Match 10 [43]
29 March 2013 Pakistan Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore Faysal Bank Super Eight T20 Cup Rawalpindi Rams 10/1 Faisalabad Wolves 9/0 Match 11
7 April 2013 India Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium, Hyderabad Indian Premier League Sunrisers Hyderabad 20/0 Royal Challengers Bangalore 15/0 Match 7 [44]
16 April 2013 India M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bangalore Indian Premier League Royal Challengers Bangalore 15/0 Delhi Daredevils 11 all out Match 21 [45]
20 July 2013 Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi Ramadan T20 Cup Khan Research Laboratories 17/0 Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited 15/1 Match 18 [46]
25 July 2013 Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi Ramadan T20 Cup Habib Bank Limited 10/0 Pakistan International Airlines 7 all out Final [47]
29 September 2013 India Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur Champions League Twenty20 Otago Volts 13/0 Highveld Lions 13 all out Match 14 [48]
30 December 2013 New Zealand Pukekura Park, New Zealand HRV Twenty20 Auckland Aces 13/0 Central Stags 6 all out [49]
10 January 2014 Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Australia Big Bash League Perth Scorchers 4/0 Sydney Sixers 1 all out Match 20 [50]
29 April 2014 United Arab Emirates Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi Indian Premier League Rajasthan Royals 11/0 Kolkata Knight Riders 11 all out Match 19 [51]
5 January 2015 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Australia Big Bash League Melbourne Stars 19/0 Sydney Sixers 9 all out Match 17
21 April 2015 India Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad, India Indian Premier League Kings XI Punjab 15 all out Rajasthan Royals 6 all out Match 18
15 January 2016 Australia Adelaide Oval No. 2, Adelaide Women's Big Bash League Adelaide Strikers Women 19/1 Melbourne Renegades Women 12/0 Weekend 7 [52]
18 November 2015 New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand Georgie Pie Super Smash Auckland Aces 6/0 Canterbury Kings 5 all out Match 12
14 January 2017 Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney Women's Big Bash League Sydney Thunder (WBBL) 8/1 Sydney Sixers (WBBL) 8/3 Match 44 [53]
25 January 2017 Australia Gabba, Brisbane Big Bash League Sydney Sixers 22/0 Brisbane Heat 13/0 [54]
29 April 2017 India Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot Indian Premier League Mumbai Indians 11 all out Gujarat Lions 6/0 Match 35 [55]
3 January 2018 Australia Kardinia Park, Geelong 2017–18 Women's Big Bash League season Melbourne Renegades (WBBL) 9/0 Sydney Sixers (WBBL) 8 all out Match 25 [56][57]
20 January 2018 Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground 2017–18 Women's Big Bash League season Melbourne Stars (WBBL) 10 all out Melbourne Renegades (WBBL) 10/0 Match 42 [58][59]
2 March 2018 United Arab Emirates Sharjah Cricket Stadium, Sharjah 2018 Pakistan Super League Islamabad United 19/0 Lahore Qalandars 15/1 Match 12 [60]
11 March 2018 United Arab Emirates Dubai International Cricket Stadium, Dubai 2018 Pakistan Super League Lahore Qalandars 11 all out Karachi Kings 8/1 Match 24 [61]
12 January 2019 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium, Dhaka 2018–19 Bangladesh Premier League Chittagong Vikings 11/1 Khulna Titans 10 all out Match 11 [62]
30 March 2019 India Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, New Delhi 2019 Indian Premier League Delhi Capitals 10/1 Kolkata Knight Riders 7/1 Match 10 [63]
2 May 2019 India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai 2019 Indian Premier League Mumbai Indians 9/0 Sunrisers Hyderabad 8 all out Match 51 [64]
11 August 2019 Canada CAA Centre, Brampton 2019 Global T20 Canada Winnipeg Hawks 10/0 Vancouver Knights 9/2 Final [65]

Won due to having more boundaries in the match.

Other Twenty20 matches[edit]

Date Venue Winner Score Loser Score Scorecard Ref Notes
1 June 2009 Lord's, London  Ireland 6/1  Netherlands 2 all out Scorecard [66][67] 2009 ICC World Twenty20 warm-up match
24 June 2012 Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad India A 7/1 West Indies A 4 all out Scorecard [68] 2nd unofficial T20I
22 Sep 2018 Church Street Park, Morrisville, USA  Canada 16/0  United States 14/0 Scorecard ICC World Twenty20 Americas Sub Regional Qualifier A 2018
20 July 2019 NPR College Ground, Dindigul, India Karaikudi Karai 13/0 Ruby Trichy Warriors 11/2 Scorecard 2019 Tamil Nadu Premier League

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]