Sword Gate House
Sword Gate House
|Location||32 Legare St., Charleston, South Carolina|
|NRHP reference #||70000579|
|Added to NRHP||December 18, 1970|
The Sword Gate House at 32 Legare St., Charleston, South Carolina was built in stages. The main portion of the house is believed to have been built around 1803, possibly by French Huguenots James LaRoche and J. Lardent. The house replaced a simpler house that was shown on a plat in 1803. British consul George Hopley bought and redecorated the house in 1849, the same year the Sword Gates were installed in the high brick wall on Legare Street. Each half has a central cross formed by point of two vertical spears meeting in center of horizontally placed broadsword, giving the house its popular name. The gates were manufactured by Christopher Werner of Charleston. The City of Charleston had hired Werner to produce a "pair" of gates for the new police station, and Werner made what he understood that to mean: two matching sets of gates—two left panels and two right panels. The city had intended only one set of gates - that is, a single left and single right panel. Werner sold the duplicate set to George Hopley who had them installed at his house. (The matching set of gates is now installed at the main entrance of The Citadel near Hampton Park.)
The house has seen many late 19th century additions and alterations. By 1970 the brick wing was separated from the house and given the address of 109 Tradd Street, but it retained its architectural integrity. It is believed to have been added ca. 1818; acquired by Andre Talvande and his mother, Madame Talvande, in 1819; and used as a girls school. It was during their ownership that the high masonry walls surrounding the property were added.
The building is two and a half stories over a high basement, with a slate-covered hip roof. There are three pedimented dormers along the north and one on the west. The brick walls are covered with stucco; the cornice is also stucco. First floor windows have exterior paneled shutters and second story shutters are louvered.
The Gaud family bought the Sword Gate House in 1949 following almost two decades of vacancy and repaired and furnished the buildings. They operated a guest house in the house for a time. Eventually, by 1959, they chose to pursue a subdivision of the property and sell off two lots facing on Legare Street to make ends meet. The plan was met with strong neighborhood opposition, but a city zoning board eventually approved the subdivision in late 1959.
Mrs. H.C. Shackelford bought most of the property from Mr. Henry T. Gaud for $47,500 in 1960. George E. Roosevelt bought house in 1963 from Mrs. H.C. Shackelford and reversed the multiple subdivisions of the parcel that had taken place.
In 2002, the house underwent an extensive restoration. The work reassembled three lots that had been subdivided into a single parcel and converted the entire structure back into a single-family house.
The house was listed in the National Register December 18, 1970. It was recently listed for sale with an asking price of $19.5 million. The current asking price is $15.99 million.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Merle D. Kellerhals (June 11, 1986). "Sword Gate House at 32 Legare St. Sold for $700,000". Charleston News & Courier. p. B1.
- Clyde Johnson (March 30, 1970). "Ancient Craftsmen Left Legacy of Iron". Charleston News & Courier. p. E-15. Retrieved Nov 26, 2012.
- Mary Ellen Ziegler (May 15, 1967). "Mates of Sword Gates in Use at the Citadel". Charleston News & Courier. p. B-1. Retrieved Nov 26, 2012.
- Kellerhals, Merle D. (June 11, 1986). "Sword Gate House At 32 Legare Street Sold for $700,000". Charleston News & Courier. pp. B1. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- Fant, Mrs. James W. "The Sword Gate Houses" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Nomination. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "New Tourist Lodge Opened at Old Sword Gate House". Charleston News & Courier. Feb 16, 1952. p. 6-E. Retrieved Nov 26, 2012.
- "Gaud Seeks Suggestions To Preserve Sword Gate". Charleston News & Courier. October 16, 1959. pp. B1. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "Part Of Sword Gate House And Two Lots Sold By Gaud". Charleston News & Courier. September 6, 1960. pp. B1. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "Sword Gate House Bought by Roosevelts". Charleston News & Courier. Nov 21, 1963. p. 12-C. Retrieved Nov 26, 2012.
- Robert Behre (Dec 16, 2002). "32 Legare St. Returned to Splendor". Charleston Post & Courier. p. B1. Retrieved Nov 26, 2012.
- "Sword Gate Houses, Charleston County (32 Legare St. & 111 Tradd St., Charleston)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved Nov 26, 2012.
- "32 Legare Street, Charleston, SC, 29401, MLS # 16027451 | Handsome Properties". Handsome Properties. Retrieved 2018-07-27.