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|Premier of the Republic of China|
25 October 1928 – 22 September 1930
|Preceded by||Yan Huiqing|
Du Xigui (acting)
Wellington Koo (acting)
Pan Fu (acting)
|Succeeded by||T. V. Soong|
|Chairman of the National Government of China|
7 February 1928 – 10 October 1928
|Preceded by||Zhang Zuolin (as President of Beiyang Government)|
|Succeeded by||Chiang Kai-shek|
|Born||25 January 1880|
|Died||22 September 1930 (aged 50)|
|Resting place||Linggu Temple|
|Nationality||Republic of China|
Tan Yankai was born on 25 January 1880 in Hangzhou during the waning decades of the Qing dynasty. He was the son of the Qing minister Tan Zhonglin. A member of Liang Qichao's Constitutionalist Party, he campaigned for a parliament and restrained monarchy. As the party renamed itself the Progressive Party after the Xinhai Revolution, he was a major leader.
He left and joined the Kuomintang and became military governor of his home province. He remained neutral during Sun Yatsen's attempt to overthrow President Yuan Shikai in the 1913 Second Revolution, but Yuan removed him anyway. He returned to power after Yuan's death and led his province into resisting the Beiyang Army in 1917's Constitutional Protection War, which saved Sun's Guangdong base. After a brief attempt at spearheading federalism, his subordinates forced him to resign. When Chen Jiongming was driven out of Guangzhou, Tan was made home minister by Sun.
He served as Chairman of the National Government during the first half of the Northern Expedition and again during its conclusion. He was a member of Wang Jingwei's Wuhan faction and was the first internationally recognized head of state of the Nanjing-based Kuomintang government. The United States was the first major power to give recognition on October 1, 1928, though they had already given de facto recognition back in July. After the Organic Law came to effect on the Double Ten Day, he was succeeded by Chiang Kai-shek. Tan then became premier, a post he would hold until he died in office.
His daughter, Tan Xiang, married Chen Cheng.
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| Chairman of the National Government
| Internationally recognized head of state
| Premier of the Republic of China
T. V. Soong
Chen Shufan (陈树藩)
| President of Hunan First Normal University
September 1905-November 1906
Liu Renxi (刘人熙)