Hau Pei-tsun

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Hau Pei-tsun
Hau Pei-tsun from VOA (1)-cropped.jpeg
Hau Pei-tsun in 2013
13th Premier of the Republic of China
In office
1 June 1990 – 27 February 1993
PresidentLee Teng-hui
DeputyShih Chi-yang
Preceded byLee Huan
Succeeded byLien Chan
Other offices
17th Minister of National Defense of the Republic of China
In office
5 December 1989 – 31 May 1990
PresidentLee Teng-hui
PremierLee Huan
DeputyKuo Tsung-ching
Preceded byCheng Wei-yuan
Succeeded byChen Li-an
12th Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of China Armed Forces
In office
1 December 1981 – 4 December 1989
PresidentChiang Ching-kuo
Lee Teng-hui
DeputyWu Yueh (Air Force)
Tsou Chien (Navy)
Kuo Ju-lin (Air Force)
Chiang Chung-ling (Army)
Preceded bySoong Chang-chi (Navy)
Succeeded byChen Sheng-lin (Air Force)
16th Commander-in-Chief of the Republic of China Army
In office
March 1978 – November 1981
PresidentYen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
Preceded byMa An-lan
Succeeded byChiang Chung-ling
Personal details
Born (1919-07-13) 13 July 1919 (age 99)
Yancheng, Jiangsu, Republic of China
NationalityRepublic of China
Political partyKuomintang
Kuo Wan-hua
(m. 1950; died 2018)
Children2 sons
3 daughters
Military service
AllegianceRepublic of China
Service/branchRepublic of China Army
Years of service1938–1989
RankSenior General
Battles/warsSecond Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Chinese Civil War
Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

Hau Pei-tsun (Chinese: 郝柏村; pinyin: Hǎo Bǎicūn, courtesy name 伯春 Bóchūn; born 13 July 1919) is a retired politician who was the Premier of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1 June 1990 to 27 February 1993, and the longest-serving Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of China Armed Forces from 1 December 1981 to 4 December 1989. On 6 July 2017, Hau attended an academic meeting in Nanjing about the history of the Second Sino-Japanese War, making him the first former ROC premier to visit Mainland China since the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949.[1]


Hau Pei-tsun as a general officer of the Army.

Born to a well-to-do family in Yancheng, Jiangsu on 13 July 1919,[2] Hau received a military education from the Republic of China Military Academy, National Defense University, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and the War College, Armed Forces University. Hau was appointed an artillery officer in 1938, and served in the Chinese expeditionary forces in India during World War II. In the subsequent Chinese Civil War he was a staff officer.

As commander of the 9th Infantry Division from 1958 to 1961, Hau presided over the 44-day bombardment of Quemoy by the People's Liberation Army. He commanded the 3rd Corps from 1963 to 1965, served as Chief Aide to Chiang Kai-shek from 1965 to 1970. He continued his army career as Commander of the 1st Field Army from 1970 to 1973, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the ROC Army from 1975 to 1977, Executive Vice Chief of the General Staff in the Ministry of National Defense from 1977 to 1978, Commander-in-Chief of the ROC Army 1978 to 1981, and Chief of the General Staff in the Ministry of National Defense from 1981 to 1989.

He was a member of the Central Standing Committee of the Kuomintang from 1984 to 1993 and served as Minister of National Defense from 1989 until 1990 when he was appointed Premier. He was appointed by President Lee Teng-hui in part to mollify the conservative mainlander faction within the KMT that had threatened to run a rival presidential ticket in the March 1990 election. Hau's appointment sparked protests by those who believed it marked retrogression toward military rule, while President Lee defended his decision by saying he valued Hau's tough stance on crime. As premier he held high approval ratings (even higher than Lee's) - he was tough on crime and promoted a multibillion-dollar economic development plan to industrialize Taiwan. Hau submitted his resignation in January 1993 after the KMT's poor showing in the 1992 Legislative Yuan election.

Appointed as one of four vice-chairmen of the KMT in the 14th Party Congress (immediately following the defection of the New Kuomintang Alliance) in another effort by Lee to pacify the mainlander faction, Hau served from 1993 to 1995.

He was expelled from the Kuomintang for his support of New Party candidates in the 1995 legislative elections,[3] and was named Lin Yang-kang's running mate in the 1996 presidential election. Hau rejoined the KMT in 2005.[4][5]

1996 Republic of China Presidential Election Result
President Candidate Vice President Candidate Party Votes %
Lee Teng-hui Lien Chan Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 5,813,699 54.0
Peng Ming-min Frank Hsieh Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party 2,274,586 21.1
Lin Yang-kang Hau Pei-tsun Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1,603,790 14.9
Chen Li-an Wang Ching-feng Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1,074,044 9.9
Invalid/blank votes 117,160
Total 10,883,279 100

Personal life[edit]

He married Kuo Wan-hua and has two sons and three daughters. One of his sons is politician Hau Lung-pin, the former chairman of the New Party, and former Mayor of Taipei. Kuo Wan-hua died on 12 September 2018, aged 96.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Miao, Tzung-han; Chang, S.C. (6 July 2017). "Ex-premier's presence in China alarms Taiwan's current government". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  2. ^ Profile of Hau Pei-tsun
  3. ^ Sheng, Virginia (30 August 1996). "Lee restates ruling party's unification, diplomacy goals". Taiwan Today. Archived from the original on 30 August 1996. Retrieved 13 May 2016 – via Taiwan Info.
  4. ^ Hong, Caroline (7 February 2005). "Lien beckons stray sheep to return to the KMT fold". Taipei Times. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  5. ^ "18 ex-KMT heavyweights rejoin opposition party". China Post. 7 February 2005. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  6. ^ 国民党大佬郝柏村夫人病逝 子郝龙斌望低调办后事 (in Chinese)
  • Denny Roy, Taiwan: A Political History (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003)
Government offices
Preceded by
Soong Chang-chi
Chief of the General Staff
Succeeded by
Chen Sheng-lin
Preceded by
Cheng Wei-yuan
Minister of National Defense
Succeeded by
Chen Li-an
Preceded by
Lee Huan
Succeeded by
Lien Chan