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Traditional bingtang hulu (Shanghai, 2008)
Alternative namesBingtang hulu
Place of originChina
Region or stateCities in China
Main ingredientsCrataegus pinnatifida, sugar syrup
Traditional Chinese糖葫蘆
Simplified Chinese糖葫芦
Literal meaningsugar bottle gourd
Traditional Chinese冰糖葫蘆
Simplified Chinese冰糖葫芦
Literal meaningrock sugar bottle gourd

Tanghulu (simplified Chinese: 糖葫芦; traditional Chinese: 糖葫蘆; pinyin: tánghúlu), also called bingtanghulu (冰糖葫芦; 冰糖葫蘆; bīngtánghúlu), is a traditional Northern Chinese snack of candied Crataegus pinnatifida fruit, also known as mountain hawthorn, Chinese haw, Chinese hawthorn, Chinese hawberry, or shanzha (山楂) in Mandarin Chinese. It consists of fruits covered in hard candy on approximately 20-centimeter (7.9 in)-long bamboo skewers. Tanghulu are often mistaken for regular candied fruits; however, they are coated in a hardened sugar syrup. This sweet and sour treat has been made since the Song Dynasty and remains popular throughout northern China.[1]

The two common names for the confection literally mean "sugar Calabash" and "rock sugar Calabash," respectively. The "sugar" or "rock sugar" refers to the sugar coating, while the "Calabash" refers to the snack's slight resemblance to the shape of a bottle gourd.

Chinese hawthorn is the traditional fruit used for the skewering,[2] but in recent times vendors have also used various other fruits, such as cherry tomatoes, mandarin oranges, strawberries, blueberries, pineapples, kiwifruit, bananas, or grapes. The pits and seeds of the hawthorn are emptied out and are commonly filled with sweet red bean paste before being skewered and dipped.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Timothy G. Roufs Ph.D.; Kathleen Smyth Roufs (29 July 2014). Sweet Treats around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-61069-221-2.
  2. ^ Mary Choate and Aaron Brachfeld (31 August 2015). At Home in Nature, a user's guide. Coastalfields Press. p. 315. GGKEY:K5213DDZJD2.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Tanghulu at Wikimedia Commons